Monday, April 27, 2015

Jewish R1b and Haplogroup Percentages

It would seem that those trying to promote the belief that the original Cohen and Israelite ydna Haplogroup was J downplay the significance of R1b among both Cohenim and Leviim as well as in the general population of Ashkenazi and Sephardi Jews. In order to bring down the percentage among Ashkenazim they exclude the Dutch Ashkenazi from their figures. Eupedia claims that among the Sephardi R1b is only 13 percentage when it is closer to 30 percent according to other sources. Studies on Converso descended communities show over 50 percent of R1b.

The Jewish R1b project lists many Ashkenazi Jews in the R1b haplogroup and much of it of a middle Eastern variety (Ht 35) to which many of the R1b Cohenim and Leviim belong. It is the J groups that are convert bloodlines in Judaism. The J1 come from Arab and Samaritan converts and J2 from Samaritan  and other non-Israelite Middle Eastern converts. J and I are the haplogroups of the descendants of Ishmael. I ydna being the haplogroup of the Royal Assyrians (who fled to Samara in Russia and then into Europe) who branch into the Sarmatians and Vikings.

The I among Jews represents a Royal Assyrian input. R1a is Josephite and among the Ashkenazi this comes from the Khazar input. G is a Syrian input and much of J and E is from Samaritan origins. T and L is Edomite and Q is Benjaminite. The descendants of Abraham belong to IJK and the descendants of Jacob belong to NOP. There is a small percentage of K (Midianite/ Kenite) and O3 (Gadite) among Sephardi and Converso Jews. The R1b among Jews mainly comes from the Tribe of Judah, the House of Aaron and Levi, the Tribe of Simeon and the Royal House of David. 

Some of the clans or clades of Judah and Levi are found among Ht 35 and some among Ht 15. R1b L23 represents those R1b Israelites of the Kingdom of Judah and the Kingdom of Israel from the 12 (13) Tribes. R1b L51 represents those R1b Israelites and Judaites taken into Exile by Assyria and R1b Z2103 represent the R1b Jews of the continuing House of Judah with R1b clades from Judah, Levi, Cohenim and the Royal House of David. The Tribe of Simeon (DF27) went to Spain (Iberia) and some of their clans such as R1b SYR2627 reembraced Judaism as did some of the Reubenites (Radhan Jews) of R1b L2 and L4 (R1b U152) and some of the Zebulonites of L47 (R1b U106).

Region/HaplogroupI R1a R1b G J2 J1 E T L Q Others
Ashkenazi Jews41515815151621504
Sephardic Jews5  530101710880502
Converso Jews10255584101 0203

It is important to note when analyzing the dna evidence that dna may be affected by environmental factors and cataclysmic events in which the mutation rate may be rapid and a group of the same dna haplogroup may experience a mutation change (a loss of information) rather than just an individual. Dna studies are still in their infancy and it is not clear how much environmental factors affect dna. The Patriarch Jacob was the NOP ancestor who lived about 3900 years ago. 

In the days of Joseph in 1766 BC the nuclear winter that caused the 7 year famine was most likely the time many of the mutations occurred across the NOP Israelites as well as the other haplogroups. Some of these mutations affected the individual and some the family group. Jacob's sons by the sisters Leah and Rachel all have P-M45 but his children by the concubine sisters Bilhah and Zilpah do not.  It seems that the mutations for R and R1 occurred in Joseph and his half brothers by his mother's sister Leah's descendants but not in his brother Benjamin's descendants. It would seem that all the sons of Leah that went to Egypt the first time and Joseph who was in Egypt were affected (or at least their children) whereas Benjamin (or his sons) who at this time remained with his father in Canaan did not receive these mutations. 

The sons of Leah also received the mutation for R1b whereas Joseph (a son of Rachel) did not but his sons Ephraim and Manasseh inherited the R1a mutation. Different mutations occurred in Jacobs four sons by his two concubines. The sons of Bilhah, Naphtali and Dan were the ancestors of N haplogroup and the sons of her sister Zilpah, Asher and Gad were the ancestors of the O haplogroup. Estimating the age of haplogroups using a standard rate does not take into account mutiple mutations occurring around the same time and the different rate for different haplogroups. Many mutations occurred as a result of the cataclysmic events of 1960 BC (causing Abraham and his generation to age more rapidly and Isaac's degenerative blindness according to the Jewish tradition) and then again after 1766 BC in the time of Joseph.

Sunday, April 12, 2015

Royal House of Dunkeld-Atholl (R1b M222+) and the Khazars (R1a)


The origins of the Royal House of Dunkeld-Atholl in Scotland is hidden in the confusion of the events of the 9th and 10th centuries with the advent of the Viking invasions. It has been accepted by many that the Royal House of Dunkeld -Atholl has Irish origins in the Royal House of the Mide in Ireland descended from High- King Niall of the Nine Hostages. Sir Iain Moncreiffe a leading genealogist and herald who died in 1985 long before the advent of genealogical genetics, discussed this in his book on the Scottish Highland Clans. Recent ydna studies on R1b M222+ would seem to confirm this Niall descent of the male -line descendants of the Royal House of Dunkeld-Atholl that reigned over Scotland from 1034-1286.

During the period of the Viking ascendancy and invasion a group of Jewish Khazar warriors also entered Scotland and Ireland in 969 AD under the leadership of their exiled King Joseph (Cuncar). King Joseph's daughter by his first wife Zabina (Zebia) married Duncan II Mormaer of Atholl and were the parents of Abbot Crinan of Dunkeld who also became the Mormaer or Earl of Atholl, like his father and grandfather before him. Crinan married the heiress to the Scottish throne Princess Bethoc the eldest daughter of King Malcolm II of Scotland. Princess Bethoc's mother Aefgifu was a daughter of the Jewish Khazar King Joseph by his second wife Frigida of Ossory. King Joseph of the Khazars was descended from Princess Adiva (Aefgifu) a daughter of King Alfred the Great of England. Though she is often said to be a daughter of King Edward the Elder rather than his sister.

Crinan's son became the king of Scots as Duncan I. Duncan I descended on his direct ydna line from Donnchadh who was an Irish King of Mide who became known to history as Donald I King of the Picts and the Scots in the second half of the 9th century. He was the father of the legendary Scottish King Gregory (Giric) the Great who is said to have ruled Ireland, Scotland and part of England. Gregory the Great is said to have reigned form 878-889. It was from Gregory the Great's brother Prince Indrechtaig that the house of Dunkeld-Atholl descends. 

It would seem that after 889 the Viking assault on the British Isles intensified so that little record except in legend was recorded of this period of British Isles history. It is recorded that in the reign of Donald II who succeeded King Gregory (Giric the Great) that the great ravaging of Scotland by the Norse occurred around 900 AD.  At the time of the arrival of the Khazars in Angus and Moray in 969 AD the Vikings were at a time of weakness with much infighting in Scandinavia. King Joseph was killed by Malcolm II (not yet king) probably in 995 as revenge for King Joseph's daughter Fenella's betrayal of his father Kenneth II which led to his death.

The Khazar people were made up of a number of ydna groups but one of the main groups belonged to R1a-Z93 (Z2124) ydna clade (Manessehite) found among many Ashkenazi Jews, while the Khazar Royal House belonged to the Ephraimite R1a-Z283 (L176) ydna clade. It is this clan of the Royal Khazars of L176 that moved into Scandinavia and Scotland. This Royal Clan of Khazars were male-line descendants of Prince Istemi a Scandinavian-Slavic (Vanir/ Wane/ Wends) Prince of the 6th century who married into the Royal Dynasty of the Gokturks (of Benjaminite Q ydna). 

Istemi  (or Istami) belonged to the Vanir clan of the Parata or Paradan Kingdom which in turn was a part of the Parthian Empire. It was established by Bagareva (Baburraja) the exiled Ruler of Parthia (or Patras) the capital city of the Parthians after the Roman defeat of Parthia in 117 AD. Bagareva was a grandson of Vonones II of Parthia. It is from the name Vonones that the names of Vanir, Wane and Wends have their origin as part of the Royal Parthian House of Vonones which moved from the Middle East/Central Asia to Scandinavia in the 3rd or 4th century. 

The name Slovene (Slav) was originally Slo-voni meaning the people of Voni (Vonones). These descendants of the Erani (Aryan) clan of the tribe of Ephraim, that had been exiled by the Assyrians in the 7th century BC, formed the ruling class of the Medo-Persian Empire of Cyrus, Xerxes and Darius and the later Parthian Empire who were the male-line ancestors of the Slavic people and the Royal Khazars. It is interesting that the Bear in Daniel's prophecies is said to represent the Medo-Persian Empire and their Slavic descendants in Russia are also known by the symbol of the Bear.

Beginning in the 10th century AD these now Khazar royals merged by intermarriage with the House of Dunkeld-Atholl of R1b-M222. The R1a-Z283 found among the MacDonald and Alexander descendants represent this Royal Khazar input into Scotland, while the R1b-M222+ found in the Alexander and MacDonald families represent the genetic descendants of the Royal House of Dunkeld-Atholl.