The new subclades of R1b-M222+ are of great interest to many. It would seem that much of the famous R1b M222+ found in Scotland and Ireland today has its source in the Dunkeld-Atholl royal dynasty of Scottish Kings. The y-dna evidence seems to be confirming what I wrote in my blog on the Sons of Aodh in 2012. I now hold that the male line of the Royal Scottish House of Dunkeld-Atholl is of DF104 (s661) ydna. This branch of R1b M222 is descended from the Scottish King David I the Saint (b.1094 d.1153) the youngest son of King Malcolm III of Scots and St Margaret of Scotland (of Khazar Jewish ancestry).
The original clans of Mackenzie, MacClean and Macrae claim descent from an ancestor of the 13th century known as Gillanders MacIsaac or Gilleoin of Aird or Gilleoin Macrath. These three ancestors are the one man Lord Angus III Og Mac Alexander (Gillanders) of the Isles of DF104 (s661) ydna. His son John was the ancestor of DF105 (s660) branch of R1b M222+ ydna. The name Gillanders can mean 'a servant of Andrew' and its origins may have come from St Margaret's grandfather Prince Solomon of the Scottish Khazars who served King Andrew the White of Hungary. It would seem that they formed a kind of secret Knights or Servants of St Andrew among the descendants of Prince Solomon.
This Gillanders or Gilleoin was the son of Isaac Mac Alexander (b.1282). Isaac was also known as John or Iain Alexander the illegitimate son of Prince Alexander and his Jewish mistress Rebecca of Flanders (of J1b mt-dna) who I have discussed in other posts. Gilleoin may mean 'servant of John' and thus refer to Isaac (John / Iain) whose father and son were both known as Gillanders. Gillanders also alludes to the names Alexander (Alisdair) and William. The name Macrath or MacRaa (Macrae) means son of Rebecca (Raa or Rae) and Isaac was known in Galloway as Macrath Molegan (Little Jewish King). In 1298 Isaac as Macrath Molegan then about 15 or 16 years old had to swear fealty to Edward I for his lands in Dumfriesshire.
Prince Alexander of Scots (b.1263 d.1284) was the son of King Alexander III of Scots (b.1241 d. 1286) a descendant of King David I of Scots. Prince Alexander was also known as Gillanders. Prince Alexander may have been a secret Knight of the order of the servants of St Andrew. Prince Alexander was the grandfather of the second Gillanders. This second Gillanders may be identical to Angus III Og MacAlexander (born 1300 r.1320-1330) 6th Lord of the Isles a son-in-law of Alexander II Og 4th Lord of the Isles.
Lord Angus III of the Isles was the son of John Alexander (illegitimate son of Prince Alexander of Scots and Rebecca of Flanders) and Lady Margaret Bruce (sister of King Robert the Bruce). Angus III Og's son Ian (John) Fraoch (by his mistress according to some writers) was the proven ancestor of the Glencoe MacDonald's of R1b y-dna. Angus's father John (Isaac) Mac Alexander had been taken as a small child by his mother Rebecca north to Sutherland on the death of King Alexander III to the safety of her relatives. She was quickly married to Angus I Mor Mac Donald 3rd Lord of the Isles and soon after gave birth to the future Angus II Og (MacDonald of R1a ydna).
Angus III succeeded his half-uncle Angus II (with whom he has been confused and merged by most writers) in 1320. He was chosen to succeed his half-uncle as Angus II's son John was still young and Clan Donald wished to please the new King Robert the Bruce who was an uncle to Angus III. Angus III carried the male bloodline (on the wrong side of the blanket) from the old Kings of Scotland of the Atholl-Dunkeld Dynasty.
Angus III died at the age of about 30 in 1330 and was succeeded by his cousin John the son of Angus II McDonald Lord of the Isles (of R1a ydna). As a result of merging Angus II and Angus III their sons, who were both called John (Iain), were also merged, causing some confusion in the genealogies and histories of Scotland and the Isles. In fact the Glencoe Macdonald founder Ian (John) Fraoch may not have been an illegitimate son but actually the same person as John II Lord of the Isles, for whom a story of illegitimacy was created as a way of explaining the two Johns after the merging of the two Angus' into one.
According to some researchers, Gillanders, is also the same person remembered in the genealogy of the Earls of Sutherland as William de Moravia the father of the second Earl of Sutherland. However I think this Gillanders is in fact Prince Alexander (the grandfather of the later Gillanders). Thus William de Moravia the 2nd Earl of Sutherland was either the brother of Isaac Mac Gillanders or Isaac (John Alexander) himself. The name of Moravia in the family may have come from Rebecca's paternal ancestress Ashina of the Moravian Khazars (wife of King Benjamin of the Khazars) rather than from Moray. In fact Moray may have been named for the Moravia Khazar family who came to rule this part of northern Scotland.
The early genealogy of the Earls of Sutherland need reconstruction. It would seem that Isaac became the Earl of Sutherland around 1308 as Uilleam or William de Moravia at the age of 25 on the death of William the previous Earl of Sutherland (a relative of Isaac's mother). He died in 1314 at the age of 31. The 3rd Earl Uilleam or William (Gillanders) was a memory of his son Angus III Lord of the Isles in the Sutherland legends who was the Earl of Sutherland before he became the Lord of the Isles.
Isaac's son Kenneth (b.1303) was the 4th Earl of Sutherland who died in 1333 around the age of 30. Kenneth of Sutherland married Mary (b.1305) the sister of Donald II Earl of Mar. Kenneth's son William the 5th Earl of Sutherland was born in 1323 and he married Princess Margaret Bruce of Scots in 1345. She died in 1347 after the birth of their son John of Sutherland (b.1346 d.1361) who died at 15. William remarried to his cousin Joanna Menteith. Princess Margaret's sister Princess Matilda Bruce was married to a Thomas MacIsaac (a younger brother of Kenneth MacIsaac the 4th Earl of Sutherland). The mother of these two Bruce princesses was Lady Elizabeth de Burgh (the second wife of King Robert I the Bruce) whose mother was Margaret of Guines a sister of Rebecca of Flanders.
Isaac (John/ Iain) Alexander's grandson John Alexander the 8th Lord of the Isles is most likely the y-dna ancestor of all those with DF105+ (s660) of R1b M222+ including many MacKays and Griersons (MacGhee/ Mac Gregor). The Mackays and Griersons of DF105+ (s660) descend from Hugh (Aodh) of the Isles a son of John Alexander the 8th Lord of the Isles and his wife Princess Margaret Stewart. Within the Scottish branch of the Griersons developed FGC4133+ subclade of DF105+ (s660).
From Alexander MacAlexander the 10th Lord of the Isles of R1b M222+ DF105+ comes the Alexander family of Menstrie. It is from William Alexander the First Earl of Stirling of the 16th century (or his father or grandfather) that A260 subclade of R1b M222 descends. His sons left numerous male offspring in Scotland, Ireland and America. These men are very fertile for male offspring and the wide variance of surnames demonstrates they are charming womanisers leaving offspring with other men's wives or frequent surname changers. It is most likely a combination of both factors. Both these are certainly true of my branch of the A260 family.
William Alexander 1st Earl of Stirling
Alexander the 10th Lord of the Isles was married to Mary of Lennox (of J1b mt-dna) the daughter of Duncan the 8th Earl of Lennox and his wife Helena (Ellen) Campbell. Helena Campbell was the daughter of Sir Archibald Campbell and his wife Mary Isabella Lamont. Mary Isabella Lamont (born 1318) was a daughter of Sir John of Lamont and his wife Isobel (Yochabel/Jochabed) Alexander the sister of Isaac (John/ Iain) Alexander (Gillanders). Thus Mary of Lennox was halachically Jewish.
Both John Alexander 8th Lord of the Isles and his sister Mary the wife of William III Earl of Ross were halachically Jewish through their mother Agnes McDonald Cahan (b.1304) who was a maternal granddaughter of Rebecca of Flanders (b.1265) by her husband (and second partner) Angus Mor McDonald ha Khagan the 3rd Lord of the Isles of Royal Khazar R1a ydna. These Scottish aristocratic families of partially Khazar Jewish ancestry that married into the Royal and noble families of R1b M222+ made their impact on Scottish culture and custom especially in the Highlands.
Isaac's ancestor was King Duncan I of Scots who was the founder of S7073 (FGC462) subclade of R1b M222+. King Duncan's brother Maldred of Allerdale Lord or King of Cumbria was the ancestor of the Kennedy Clan of R1b M222+ S629/S634/S635 but negative for S7073(FGC462). This would confirm that Maldred was the father of Gospatrick of Dunbar who was the father of Fergus Lord of Galloway the ancestor of the original Kennedy ancestor John Kennedy of Dunure (b.1310) son of Gilbert de Carrick.
Other members of the Kennedy clan were descended from King Duncan on the direct paternal line but were most likely maternal descendants of John Kennedy of Dunure as well. This may have occurred when the Royal and aristocratic descendants of King Duncan lay with the wives of the Kennedy clan or when a maternal grandson took the Kennedy surname. Malcolm III is the ancestor of all the R1b M222+ S658+ descendants. The MacHugh and older Mackay family descend from Aethelred (Aedh/ Hugh/ Aodh) the Abbot of Dunkeld and Earl of Fife a son of Malcolm III. His brother King David I is the ancestor of the DF104 (s661) subclade.
King David I of Scots
Another brother of Malcolm III was King Donald III whose illegitimate son Ladhmann is the ancestor of the subclade FGC4077/ FGC4078/ FGC4087 of R1b M222+. Ladhmann married Joanna a daughter of John Comyn (Comines/ Cumming) and they were the parents of Richard Comyn the Justiciar of Lothian who married Hextilda also a maternal granddaughter of King Donald III of Scots by his only legitimate child Princess Bethoc. Richard Comyn is the ancestor of the A725 subclade of M222+ as well as other branches of FGC4077. Hextilda's father was Lord Uchtred a son of Maldred the brother of King Duncan I of Scots. Richard and Hextilda's son William Comyn thus had a strong claim to the Throne.
Thus these R1b M222+ DF104+ Sons of Isaac are descended from King David I of Scots a grandson of King Duncan I of Scots who belong to a branch of the O'Niall kindred who in turn come from a branch of the kindred of St Joseph of Arimathea the founder or father of the founder of M222+. St Joseph of Arimathea is descended from the Davidic House of Nathan (R1b L21). Thus those of R1b M222+ DF104+(s661) are doubly Davidic descending from King David of Israel and Judah and King David I of Scots.
The legend that a Mackenzie of Kintail in 1263 saved King Alexander III of Scots from death by a stag is based in truth. The event however didn't occur in 1263 but in the early 15th century when Baron Murdoch Mackenzie of Kintail saved the life of Alexander III MacAlexander the 10th Lord of the Isles. These events occurred around 1423. Baron Murdoch II MacKenzie the 5th Lord of Kintail (b.1398 d.1426) named his son Alexander (b.1423 d.1488) after the Lord of the Isles and this son married Margaret MacDonald a niece of Alexander III the 10th Lord of the Isles as his second wife. The Lord of the Isles were the overlords of the Mackenzies of Kintail but later when the Mackenzies changed allegiance to the Scots Kings the legend was reinvented to speak of a bond with the Scottish crown rather than the declining Lordship of the Isles.
The so-called Geraldine ancestry of the Mackenzie clan may have been on a maternal lineage. The Mackenzies of Inverness and surrounding areas are the direct male line of the first Mackenzie Kenneth (Colin) who was a son of Gillanders MacIsaac.
The first MacKenzie was Kenneth (Colin) (b.1322 d.1346 executed by his brother-in-law William (Uilleam) III Earl of Ross) a son of Angus III MacAlexander the 6th Lord of the Isles. Mackenzie legend speaks of a Colin Fitzgerald as their ancestor. Colin is actually derived from the name Khagan / Kohen/ Cohen. Fitzgerald is actually MacGillanders. Mac and fitz both mean 'son of' but Fitz is usually used for the bastard sons of Royalty. The Gillanders is Alexander. Thus Isaac Cohen (ha Kagan) son of Prince Alexander became Gaelicised as Colin Fitzgerald (Isaac MacGillanders) son of Gillanders.
Kenneth's son was Iain (John) MacKenzie (b.1338 d.1388) the 2nd Lord Kintail the father of Kenneth II MacKenzie (b.1357 d.1406) the 3rd Lord of Kintail. Iain's mother was Lady Margaret de Strathbogie (b.1320) the daughter of Sir David II de Strathbogie the Earl of Atholl and Lady Joan Comyn (b.1292 d.1326) a maternal granddaughter of William de Valance the Earl of Pembroke who was the son of Queen Isabella (of Angouleme) of England by her second husband Lord Hugh X Lusignan. Kenneth II Mackenzie was the father of Murdoch I Mackenzie (b.1379 d.1416) the 4th Lord of Kintail.
Mackenzie legend states that Kenneth (Colin)'s son Iain led 500 warriors in support of King Robert the Bruce in 1314 at the Battle of Bannockburn however it was actually Kenneth's grandfather Isaac (Iain/John) that led the warriors in the Battle of Bannockburn with Angus II MacDonald the 5th Lord of the Isles his half-brother. Isaac the illegitimate son of Prince Alexander had also led warriors in 1308 at the Battle of Inverurie in support of his brother-in-law Robert the Bruce against the Comyn Clan.
Isaac's son Angus the future 6th Lord (died 1330) is often confused with his predecessor and half-uncle Angus II MacDonald the 5th Lord of the Isles (died 1320) who aided Robert the Bruce in 1306. Robert the Bruce's sister Lady Margaret Bruce (b.1283) was firstly married to Isaac MacGillanders around 1300 and after his death (possibly in the battle of Bannockburn) she remarried to Sir William Carlyle.
Alexander III MacAlexander the 10th Lord of the Isles was the brother of Donald II MacAlexander the 9th Lord of the Isles and the ancestor of all the DF105(s660) MacDonalds. They were closely maternally interrelated with the R1a MacDonalds who were direct male descendants of Donald I Mor the 1st Lord of the Isles who in turn was a paternal grandson of Somerled.
King Robert II Stewart of Scots married Elizabeth Mure as his first wife and she was the mother of Robert III Stewart (named John at baptism). Elizabeth Mure (of J1b mt-dna) was the daughter of Sir Adam Mure and Joana or Janet of the Isles. Joana (Janet) of the Isles was a daughter of Angus III MacAlexander the 6th Lord of the Isles and his wife Agnes MacDonald Cahan (b.1304). Thus Elizabeth Mure was halachically Jewish (descended maternally from Rebecca of Flanders) as well as her numerous children by Robert II including her daughter Princess Margaret Stewart who married John Alexander the 8th Lord of the Isles.
A brother of Rebecca of Flanders was Walter Fitz Gilbert (Vidal or Chaim) the founder of the Hamilton family. Walter's father Gilbert Fitz William is actually Guy II de Dampierre son of William I de Dampierre. Walter was also known as Walter de Moravia. Another brother of Rebecca was Sir Robert de Fleming (Reuben). Sir Robert de Fleming married Joan Douglas a descendant of another Flemish Jewish family that came to Scotland in the reign of King David I of Scots.
Many of these earlier Scottish Jewish Fleming families were descendants of Simcha Freskin (Fredkin) also known as Simon Fraser in Scotland and Rabbi Simcha de Vitri or Viter de Moeslain in Flanders. His wife Hannah bat Samuel was descended from the Khazar King Benjamin. One of his sons was William of Duffus and another was Udard (Judah) Fraser also known as Thibaud or Theobald of Flanders the ancestor of the Douglas Family through Thibaud's son William Douglas 1st Laird of Douglasdale. St. Gilbert de Moravia of Scotland belonged to this Flemish Khazar Jewish family.
It would seem from the latest results of M222 that much of the Irish R1b M222+ found in the northern part of Ireland is in origins from the Scottish M222 of the House of Dunkeld-Atholl [descended from the older Niall or O'Niell Kings of Mide (Meath)]. It would also seem that a branch of this Scottish M222 went into France in the Medieval period descended in the direct male line from King Donald III Bane of Scots' illegitimate son. Many other M222+ families in Ireland (of FGC 4077 y-dna) descend also from King Donald III of Scots. These Irish, Scottish and French FGC4077 descendants of Donald III are most probably male line descendants of his grandson Richard Comyn (1120-1179), Justiciar of Lothian.
Note: When this chart speaks of an ancestor of a subclade, that does not necessarily mean they are the founder of that subclade. It means that that particular subclade appeared among their descendants. For example, the chart states that R1b A260 appears in some of the descendants of Alexander Mac Alexander Lord of the Isles. This does not mean that all his descendants are A260, it means that one branch of his descendants are A260, other descendants would be DF105 (s660). However it is most likely that DF105 (s660) did originate with Alexander Mac Alexander's father John Alexander Lord of the Isles who married Princess Margaret Stewart. Thus John was the ancestor and founder of DF105 (s660). John's son Donald Lord of the Isles (1387-1423) was the ancestor of S588 a subclade of DF105 (s660).
It is most probable that Sir William Alexander the 1st Earl of Stirling was the founder of A260. Unfortunately some Americans have started claiming that their R1a ancestor John of Eridy was the 1st Earl of Stirling's son when in fact Lord John Alexander was not the same person as John Alexander (Alisdair) of Eridy. It is probably Sir William Alexander's grandfather Andrew Alexander the 6th Baron of Menstrie who was the founder of A259.
see M222 ancestor is from England
see M222 Chart