The Parthian Empire was established by an Ophiri or Parthian Prince Arsaces (Ashkan) around 250 BC. St Andrew had traveled through the Parthian Empire and then gone south stopping in Kerala (St Andrews, Kerala) before going to the Land of the Dog-headed people at Andaman (as described by Marco Polo as the home of the Dog -headed people). Andaman was named in honour of St Andrew. From there St Andrew went south to the land of Barbur (Swan) with its capital city called Ophir or Parthia. He then went southwest to the Kerguelen Plateau or Java Minor (at that time above the water) to the lands of the black cannibals (see marco Polo) where he rescued St Matthew (or Matthias) before returning to the Ophir at the mouth of the Swan Canyon (now under the Ocean) in Western Australia.
St. Andrew and St. Matthew then went northward back to Andaman (which was later the Andaman Islands) where they separated with Matthew going to India and Andrew north into China and then further north to the Manessehite Kingdom in Siberia founded by the Manassehite Warriors (R1a Z93 y-dna) of King Hosea (Osee). They founded the Zionhu (Xionghu) or Hu Empire. Zion hu means the bearded foreign men of Zion. Xiong / Zion is a pun as it can mean Bear in Chinese. These blonde-haired, blue eyed warriors would be later associated with the name Cuman and enter Europe in the Middle Ages. Andrew also visited Sogdiana and then headed back to the Holy Land via the Silk Roads.
St Andrew's first missionary journey was to Greece and then London (Lydda/ Lud) in Britain, he visited Avalon (Antioch) and then moved into Scotland (Edinburgh/ Edessa) with his wife Johanna (Junia/ Julia). He then returned via the Rivers of Russia to Byzantium and Ankara before heading east to Cappadocia and Galatia. He then went to Georgia and Armenia before going to Jerusalem. St Andrew after his fourth missionary journey returned to Scotland where he was martyred at Perth (Patras or Parthia named for Ophir in Australia), where he had a missionary settlement, by the Pictish king Angus (Oegnus/ Aengus) in 69 AD. Later his relics were transferred from Perth (Patras) to St Andrews by St Riagill (Regulus) a companion of St Columba in the 6th century. This event was confused by the Greeks wanting to claim Patras in Greece as the site of the martyrdom.
Both St Bartholomew and St Andrew were martyred in Alban (Scotland) by the Picts (Agathysri). Scotland or at least the east Coast was called Alban or Albany part of Scythia (Scotia). Alban or Laban means White and was the name associated with the Tribe of Reuben (Rubani/ Lubani/ Albani) of R1b U152. It would seem that the Tribe of Reuben settled in Australia in the Kingdom of Chabor on the edge of the inland Shallow (Rhadood) Sea in the 5th century BC. From there a group settled in North America in Rhoda, Calalus which came under Roman rule and many of these Rhodans (Rhadans) settled in the British Isles, France and Italy in the 1st century BC.
To the west of Chabor was the Ophiri (Parthian) or Barbur Kingdom of the Tribe of Ephraim (R1 y-dna or R1a Z 283 y-dna) and to the north of Chabor was the Tribe of Gad (Kadai) of O y-dna and in the North-west the Tribe of Manasseh (Mani/ Mancy). The Irish chroniclers call these Parthians (Perthians) the Partholonians and connect them to the Picts of Scotland. King Angus of the Picts was the maternal grandfather of Tuathal Teachtmar (Parthalai/ Ptolemy/ Teradion) who went to Ireland in the 1st or 2nd century. It would seem that the Picts first landed in the North of Scotland at a place called Orcc (Arcaibh / Arcadia/ Orcades) and spread out from there. At this time the Islands of Orkney may have been part of the Mainland of Scotland.