Sunday, April 27, 2014

The Seven Daughters of Jacob Frank

Update on the seven daughters of Jacob Frank

Eva Frank

Eva Frank had six half-sisters from her father's first marriage to Chaya (Josefa) Falkon of Podolia. In accord with the Jewish custom of the time she married Frank when she was around 12-13 years of age in 1740. Frank was about 14-15 years old. Chaya died in 1751 and Frank remarried to Chana (Gracia) Tova a relative of his first wife. Frank alluded to his daughters as the seven daughters of the Mystical Well of Midian/Edom in his writings, linking it with the Well of Joseph and the seven daughters of Joseph and Asenath bat Dinah and the seven priestesses who circled the Kaaba. There is also a tradition that Leah and Rachel were two of the seven daughters of Laban who also had three sons. The seven daughters are mystically associated with the seven lower Sefirot and the three sons with the three head Sefirot. The name Leib is associated with Laban and Lebanah. Jacob Leib Frank saw Eva (whose Hebrew name was Rachel) as representing the tenth Sefirot of Malkut/ Shekhinah who he hoped would be the daughter of Edom (Rome)who would receive the grace of the Knowledge (daat) of living in Divine Will. Instead under the influence of the Prague Sabbateans she became associated by many (including some of her sisters) with the evil Lilith. Eva Frank and the Sabbateans removed all direct mention of  his daughters from the edited and distorted version of his writings.

1. Ruth Dinah Frank (Franconia); born 1741 in the Ottoman Empire. She married in 1753 to Benjamin Wolf of Prague (of a Sabbatean family descended from Shabtai Zevi). They moved to Germany where Wolf became a Rabbi. They remained as secret Frankists or Sabbateans in the Jewish community. Her second husband was Alexander Farber (Fabin).

-----(1) Rabbi David Wolf b.1755 married Sarah Lipchowitz. They were the parents of Joseph Wolff who became firstly a Catholic then an Anglican priest and married Lady Georgiana Walpole the daughter of Horatio Walpole the 2nd Earl Orford.

Rev. Joseph Wolff a great grandson of Jacob Frank

-----(2) Asshur (Asher) Hirsh Wolf b.1757. He married Esther Mayer.

-----(3) Malka (Maria/ Miriam) Wolf b.1760 married Stanilaus (Shlomo) Rostowski (Russo/ Ross) a Frankist descendant of the Sabbatean teacher Rabbi Berechiah Russo. They moved to England then Scotland where they embraced the Presbyterian faith. They had sons William Ross (b.1782) and Alexander Ross (b.1783) (who went to America and Canada).

Alexander Ross great-grandson of Jacob Frank

-----(4) Yehuda Farber (Fabin) (aka John Forbes of Boyndlie) (b.1763) married Catherine Scott (Caterina Skotnicki) daughter of Alexander Scotnicki (Scott). They bought Boyndlie in 1794 after the death of George Forbes of Boyndlie (no relation but later a false genealogy was created connecting the two).They had three sons John Jacob Forbes [who married his cousin Maria Rostowski (Russo/Ross)], Alexander Forbes (who married Annabella Reid) and Theodore Forbes who had an Indian Armenian Jewish wife Eliza Kewark in India. Their daughters were Katherine Forbes who married her cousin Alexander Scott, and Jane Forbes who married Dr John Charles Ogilvie. Theodore's daughter Katherine Scott Forbes was reared from the age of 8 by her uncle Alexander and aunt Annabella Forbes at Boyndlie. She was an ancestress of Princess Diana.

 Katherine Scott Forbes great granddaughter of Jacob Frank

2.Rivka Shoshana (baptised Anna Rosa) Jacob; born in 1742 in the Ottoman Empire. She married in 1754 to Nathan Mayer of Frankfurt. They moved to Ireland in 1760/61 where they took the names William and Annie Maher.

-----(1) Esther Mayer b.1755 Frankfurt. She married Asshur Wolf.

-----(2) Chaya Mayer (aka Catherine Maher) (b.1758 Frankfurt). She married Isaac Leon Morpurgo (aka Peter Leon Murphy). Two of her Murphy grandsons were Catholic Archbishops.

-----(3)Rachel Mayer (b.1760 Frankfurt). She married Reb Sender of Sheklov (aka Benjamin Broide, Ephraim Brody, Alexander Margoliot). She was his second wife. He was the Rebbe of the secret Frankists who remained in the Jewish communities.Their daughter Leah Golda Broide of Shekhlov was the second wife of Reb Moshe ben Zalman the son of the Alter Rebbe. Leah's son Gershon Yehuda Leib Broide (aka George Brody a soldier) married Feige Aurebach (Orbach) a granddaughter of Rebbe Nachman of Breslov. George and Feige were the biological parents of Julia Hauke (Golda Brody) Princess of Battenberg anctress of Prince Phillip Duke of Edinburgh and King Juan Carlos of Spain.

Julia Hauke (Golda Brody) a 3 x great-granddaughter of Jacob Frank

------(4) Efraim Mayer (Edward Maher) (b.1765 Ireland). His daughter Mary Maher (Miriam) was the first wife of Aharon Zaslavski (aka Arthur Lavin) a grandson of the Alter Rebbe.

-----(5) Elisheva Mayer (Elizabeth Maher) (b.1770 Athlone, Ireland). She married James Brennan (Brainan).

-----(6) Chana Mayer (Hannah Maher) (b. 1775 Athlone Ireland. She married Richard Coffey (Kaufi). Their daughter Mary Coffey married John William Ennis.
Anne Ennis (b.1849 Athlone) a great-great granddaughter of Jacob Frank

-----(7) Moshe Mayer (Michael Maher) (b.1778 Athlone). He married Caroline Bryna Montefiore.

-----(8) Yehuda Mayer (John Maher) (b.1780 Athlone). He married Margaret.

-----(9) Joseph Mayer (b.1785). He moved to England and was part of the Orthodox Jewish community.  Two of his grandsons became Anglican priests.

3. Miriam Chana (baptised Maria Anna) Frank (aka Mary Ann Connor); born 1743 in the Ottoman Empire. She married David Menke Kinnor  in 1756. 

-----(1) Daniel Menke Kinnor (aka Daniel Connor/ O'Connor/ Konarski) (b.1761 Poland) married Chana Loeb/Lob (Anne/ Anna). They moved to Ireland around 1776-80 where they became Daniel and Anne Connor. Their children were David, Mary, Rose and Daniel Connor or O'Connor. They lived in County Cork.

-----(2) Chana Miriam Kinnor (Anne Marie Connor) (b.1762) married Matthew Reilly. They lived in the Frankist village of Crosskeys in Cavan.

-----(3) Joseph Kinnor (Harf/Harfa) (b.1763) married Anna Abraham

-----(4) Malka Kinnor (Maria Connor) (b.1764) married James (Jacob) Williams of Ireland.

-----(5) Roeschen Kinnor (David) (b.1765 d.1802) married Kiewe Salomon Haas.

-----(6) Menke Kinnor (David) (b. 1767) married Dinah Loeb/Lob daughter of Isaac Loeb (Lipchowitz) and sister of Anna and Sarah.

4. Esther Matrona Frank (Franconia) (aka Schoenle Jacob); born in 1745 in the Ottoman Empire. She married in 1757 Isaac Lipchowitz (Zevi/ Wolf) of Prague a cousin of Benjamin Wolf. They moved to Germany with Benjamin and Ruth Wolf.

-----(1) Jacob Leib Lipchowitz (b.1760)

-----(2) Chana Lipchowitz (Anna Lob/Loeb)(b.1761) married Daniel Menke Kinnor.

-----(3) Bluma Lipchowitz (b.1763) married Wolf (Wolfgang) Levy.

-----(4) Sarah Lipchowitz (b.1765) married Rabbi David Wolf. They had two sons Joseph Wolff and Jacob Leib Wolf.

-----(5) Dinah Lipchowitz (Loeb/Lob) (b.1766) married Menke Kinnor

-----(6) Samson Lipchowitz (b.1768)

.5 Leah Golda Frank (aka Frances Coghlan); born 1747 in the Ottoman Empire. She married in Poland 1760 Edmund Roche (Roch Frank) of Ireland. They moved to Ireland after the arrest of Frank. Edmund returned to Poland regularly to visit Jacob at Czestochowa and he returned in 1773 to live in Frank's court. After the death of his wife and father-in-law he remained to serve his sister-in-law Eva Frank.

-----(1) Michael Roche (b.1765) married Miriam (Mary) Cantillon of Kerry, Ireland.

-----(2) Frances Roche (b.1769)

-----(3) Edward Roche (b.1771) married Margaret Honoria Curtain. He was the father of Edmund Burke Roche the 1st Baron Fermoy.

Edmund Burke Roche, 1st Baron Fermoy a great-grandson of Jacob Frank

-----(4) Georgina Roche (b.1773)

6. Sarah Judith Jacob; born 1750 in Podolia. She married in Ireland in 1763/4 to John Cassin (aka Frances John Kissane) of Dublin and Kerry a son of a mercant and crypto-Jewish Rabbi. After her husband's death in 1775 she married Tzvi  Hirsh Kalish (aka Isaac Collins) in England. She married thirdly Daniel Solomon (Sullivan).

-----(1) John Noblett Kissane (b.1768 Ireland) married Maria Rodriguez Galvan.

Michael Kissane (Kassin/ Cassin) (b.1847) a descendant of Jacob Frank

-----(2) Jeremiah Kissane (b.1770 Ireland) married Julia (Judith Leah) Sullivan (Solomon) daughter of Rabbi Jacob Solomon (James Sullivan).

-----(3) Denis (Dionillo) Kissane (b.1772 Ireland).

-----(4) Patrick Kissane (b.1774 Ireland).

-----(5) Timothy (Tim/Tam) Kissane (Cassin/ Kassin) (b.1775 Ireland).

-----(6) Jacob (John/Jack) Kalish (Collish/ Collins) (b.1776 England)

-----(7) Gittel (Gitlah/ Julia/ Gobnait) Kalish (Collins) (b.1778 England) [aka Rachel Gutel Kalischer]married Myer (Jeremiah) Solomon (Sullivan) [aka Solomon Kalischer]. They were the parents of Rabbi Tzvi Hirsch Kalisher, Lobl Kalischer, Hanna Kalisher Cohn, Moses Kalischer and Mordechai Solomon, Patrick Sullivan and Margaret Sullivan Kalish (Collins).

Tzvi Hirsch Kalischer a great-grandson of Jacob Frank

-----(8) Hyman (Hayyim/Haim/Henry) Kalish (Collins) (b.1780 England).

Tuesday, April 15, 2014

Frankists and the Catholic Church

Jacob Leib Frank was the founder of the Zoharist or Frankist movement, which was  a movement that led many Jews out of the Sabbatean perversions of spirituality and Kabbalah towards a tikkun (reparation) for moral and spiritual perversion and towards a 'belief in Jewish garments' of Trinitarian, Marian and Messianic concepts. Frank led 60,000 European Jews around 1760 into baptism in the Catholic Church. A much greater number of his followers did not take this step and remained in the Jewish communities. Among the non-baptised group were those who relapsed into Sabbatean teachings and those such as Rebbe Nachman of Breslov and other Hasidim who continued in the tikkun taught by Jacob Frank (and also the Catholic converted Nathan of Gaza).

The baptised Catholic Frankists split into two major groups- those under Eva Frank who united with the antinominian Prague Sabbateans - and those who followed the other daughters of Frank from his first marriage whose leadership became based in Italy, Spain and Ireland and they became a leaven in the Catholic Church for a Rome-focused mystical, liturgical and devotional renewal of Catholicism. Beginning in about 1790 some of the non-baptised Hasidic secret Frankists joined the Catholic devotional Frankists in the Catholic Church and there was a further influx in 1820 under the son of the Alter Rebbe- Reb Moshe ben Zalman (Leon). These anti-Sabbatean Frankists or Zoharists can also be called Papal Frankists.
The Frankist Archbishop Daniel Murray (Murzynski) of Dublin

A secret war began in the Catholic Church between the two groups -the Sabbatean Frankists who were those who followed Frank's cousin the Masonic and revolutionary Moses Drobuschka and Adam Weishaupt the founder of the Illuminati and their opponents the Catholic Zoharist Frankists under the leadership of the Frankist Irish, Spanish and Italian bishops and Cardinals (such as Cardinals Fransoni of  Italy, Cullen of Ireland and Moran of Australia). St. Pope Pius X was also from a Frankist Jewish family.

The Frankist Archbishop Francis Murphy (Morpurgo) of Adelaide

The first wave of European Frankists came to Ireland in 1761 after the arrest and imprisonment of Jacob Frank in Czestochowa in late 1760. Many of them were members of Frank's family. They mixed with the already existing crypto-Jewish community of Ireland. It is only with this Frankist conversion that these crypto-Jewish families became truly Catholic. The Frankist families took Irish names and identity. Some of the names were Murray (Murzynski), Cullen (Cohen), Murphy (Morpurgo), O'Connor/ Connor (Kinnor/ Konarski), Kinsella (Kaplinski), Maher (Mayer), Doyle (D'Oliveira), McCabe (Maccabi), Lynch (Luntz), Flood (Folda), Brennan (Brainan), Lavin (Zaslavski) , Carroll (Karlin), Nolan (Nolen), Neill (Nehlhans), Walsh (Wolowski) etc.

The Frankist Archbishop Daniel Murphy (Morpurgo) of Hobart

Cardinal York, who was related to Jacob Frank through the Sobieski family, was a great supporter of  the Frankists, as were the Jesuits. Father Thomas Betagh had been a Jesuit supporter and priest to the Frankists in Europe and he continued to do so back in Ireland. He educated a young Frankist boy Daniel Murray whose family (the Murzynski family) had arrived in 1761 to Ireland. 

Daniel's father Tam (Tomek) Muzynski (aka Thomas Murray) came to Ireland with his brother Pinchus (Piotr) Murzynski (aka Patrick Murray) with their wives Yehudit (Judith) and Chana (Honoria) Murzynski (nee Mayer) and the whole Mayer (Maher) family. Judith and Honoria Maher were the daughters of Joseph Mayer of Frankfurt and his wife Hannah Rothschild. They were the sisters of Nathan Mayer (aka William Maher) who married a daughter of Jacob Frank known as Annie Jacob (whose Hebrew name was Rivka Shoshana and she took the Christian name of Anna Rosa at her baptism in 1760).

 Daniel Murray became the Archbishop of Dublin and he ordained to the priesthood two of the Murphy (Morpurgo) family- Francis and Daniel Murphy who were to become Australian Archbishops. Archbishop Daniel Murray was a relative of the two Murphy cousins through his maternal uncle William (Nathan) Maher (Mayer) whose daughter Catherine (Chaya) Maher married the Frankist Peter (Isaac) Leon Morpurgo (son of Rabbi Elia Hayyim Morpurgo of Italy). Peter took the name of Peter Murphy in Ireland. 

The two Archbishop Murphys were Peter's grandsons. Archbishop Francis Murphy of Adelaide through Peter's son Arthur (Aron) who married Brocha Folda (aka Bridget Flood) whose father Joseph was the son of Rabbi Isaac Fulda (Folda/Fuld) of Hamburg and her mother was Catherine (Chaya) Maher (Mayer) another daughter of Joseph Mayer and Hannah Rothschild (the daughter of Herz Moses Rothschild and Hannah Halberstadt). Archbishop Daniel Murphy of Tasmania was the grandson of Peter Morpurgo (Murphy) through Peter's son Michael Murphy who married Miriam Schwienke/ Szalwinski (aka Mary MacSweeney).

The Frankist Bishop James O'Connor (Kinnor) of Omaha

Another daughter of William Maher (aka Nathan Mayer) was Miriam Mayer (Mary Maher) who married David Kinnor (David Connor) the Frankist son of Daniel Menke Kinnor (Harf) and his wife Chana Loeb. David and Mary Connor were the parents of two American Bishops- Bishop Michael O'Connor [b.1810] and Bishop James O'Connor [b.1823] of Omaha, Nebraska.
The Frankist Bishop Michael O'Connor (Kinnor) of Pittsburgh

"Bishop Michael O'Connor was born in Cobh in 1810. His parents also lived in Fermoy in later life. In 1824 when he was 14 he moved to France to study for the priesthood and then to Rome. He was a great student and was ordained in 1833 when he was only 23. He was friends with Cardinal Wiseman who was descended from families of converted Jewish merchants in Ireland. In 1834 he returned to Ireland as a priest in Fermoy-at this time his parents moved there to be near him. He went to America in 1839 as a seminary professor. He was ordained as the first Bishop of Pittsburgh in 1844 in Rome by Cardinal Fransoni (a family of converted Jewish origin descended from Rabbi Jacob Franzoni of Venice from the 16th century- they were a family of converso silk merchants). He was instrumental in the wording of the dogma of the Immaculate Conception in 1854. In 1860 at the age of 50 he resigned as Bishop of Pittsburgh and joined the Jesuits. His younger brother James became the first Bishop of Omaha in Nebraska. His nephew was Bishop Michael O'Connor of Ballarat In Victoria, Australia. Another nephew was Bishop Patrick Joseph O'Connor of Armidale in New South Wales."

The Frankist Bishop Michael O'Connor (Kinnor) of Ballarat

Bishop Patrick Joseph O'Connor of Armidale was the son of David O'Connor (the son of David Kinnor (Connor/O'Connor) and Mary Maher) and his wife Johanna Meaney (the daughter of the Frankists Pierce Meaney (Pedro de Mena) and Mary Perry (Miriam or Maria Perez). Bishop Michael O'Connor of Ballarat was the son of John O'Connor another son of David Kinnor and Mary Maher. His mother was Miriam Mittag (aka Mary Murtagh). His nephew was Bishop John Joseph O'Connor of Newark, America.

The Frankist Bishop Patrick Joseph O'Connor (Kinnor) of Armidale NSW

Another son of Joseph Mayer of Frankfurt and Hannah Rothschild was Pinchus Mayer (aka Patrick Mayer). His daughters Mary and Judith married into the Frankist Cullen (Cohen) family. Mary married Hugh Cullen [b.1760] the father of Cardinal Paul Cullen of Ireland. Mary's sister Honoria Maher married Patrick Moran (a grandson of Jacob Frank). Cardinal Patrick Francis Moran of Australia was the grandson of both Hugh Cullin and Patrick Moran (HaMoranu). His grandmothers were Honoria Maher and Elizabeth Murphy (Morpurgo) the second wife of Hugh Cullen. Hugh Cullen's parents were the Frankists Efraim Cohen (aka Edmund Cullen) and Udil (Adel) Kaplinski (aka Alice Kinsella).

The Frankist Cardinal Paul Cullen (Cohen) of Dublin

Hugh Cullen:"Hugh was married three times. His second wife Elizabeth Murphy (b.1796 d.1819) was the grandmother of his grandson Cardinal Patrick Francis Moran. His first wife Mary Maher (b.1773 d.1810) was the mother of his son Cardinal Paul Cullen. His third wife also Mary Cullen (nee Keogh) (b.1799 d. 1845) was the widow of his nephew Edmund Cullen when she married Hugh. Some genealogies have conflicting Information due to a confused understanding of his wives. Hugh's mother belonged to the Kaplinski (who took the Irish name Kinsella in Ireland) family who were close relatives of Jacob Frank's second wife Chana (married 1752). Hugh's wife Mary Maher was a descendant of Jacob Frank's first wife Chaya (married c. 1740). These Frankists were at the forefront of the revival of Catholic mystical and devotional practices centered on Our Lady and the Eucharistic Lord such as the Rosary, novenas, devotion to the Sacred and Immaculate hearts, Benedictions, the forty hours devotions and Perpetual Eucharistic adoration. Under the Frankist Irish Bishops culminating in the work of Cardinal Cullen (Hugh's son) Irish Catholicism was transformed in what has been termed the "Irish devotional revolution".

The Frankist Cardinal Patrick Francis Moran  of Sydney

Patrick Moran the grandson of Jacob Frank had a brother James Moran of Liverpool. 

"James' Hebrew name was Jacob in honour of his grandfather. The name Moran means teacher in Hebrew. Morenu or moranu means Our Teacher and is usually a title given to a Jewish Rebbe or Tzadik. James was the grandson of Jacob Frank who was known as Hamorenu Jacob Frank to many of his followers. James was the leader/ teacher of a group of Zoharists (Frankists) in Liverpool. He married a pretty Mexican Marrano dark-haired girl who was a gifted healer and midwife among the crypto-Jewish and Frankist communities. In accord with Frankist tradition James taught his daughter Helena as well as his son to read, write and study. The auburn hair found in his descendants is believed to have come via his mother Eva Rivlin.James was born in Europe in 1778 the son a Jewish Rabbi who was a son of Jacob Frank. He was trained as a Frankist Rebbe and led a group of Frankists in Liverpool. He also lived with his daughter Helen in Athlone Ireland and his son Simon in Wicklow, Ireland. His grandson Patrick Moran became a Catholic Bishop in South Africa and New Zealand."

James Moran's second wife was Johanna (Juana/ Judith) Rodriguez Galvan de Leon.

"Juana was either born in Mexico or the Caribbean of a Mexican family of Marranoes who had been Catholics for many years. They left Mexico to escape the continual threat of the Inquisition. Her family and relatives firstly settled in the Caribbean as merchants and the family gradually spread to England (London and Liverpool) and Ireland (Dublin, Athlone and Killarney). In the Caribbean they returned to open Judaism but in England and Ireland they reverted to Catholic practice under the influence of the Frankists who they intermarried with while still maintaining Jewish traditions and learning in the home and in secret meetings. Her Hebrew name was Judith. Juana was a talented and gifted healer and midwife among the Crypto-Jewish and Frankist communities. She performed many circumcisions in secret according to Marrano custom where the women of the community (rather than the men) would gather on the 8th day after birth when the midwife would hang a red scarf from the window of the mother's house as a sign to gather. The ritual would invoke the Queen Shekhinah/ Matronita and all her Angels especially Raphael as the Archangel of Healing to come with Elijah to assist at the Circumcision (Brit Milah). The prayers also alluded to Miriam, Esther and Judith."

Many other members of these families also became priests and nuns. The women whether mothers or nuns were considered as having a powerful role in the Frankist families. They were prominent in the Sisters of Mercy, Sisters of Charity and Presentation Sisters. They guarded the maternal Jewish lineage assuring that their sons, brothers or nephews married women of Frankist families. This they did for at least a hundred years after they became Catholics. In the late 1800's this network started to disappear as the families began to totally assimilate into the surrounding Gentile Catholic culture and practice with only tracings of their Jewish customs.

The Frankist Cardinal Edward McCabe (Maccabi) of Ireland

Jacob Frank and the Frankists were influenced by the Gothic-Romantic movement and an inclination to pomp and ceremony. The ornate baroque style of the Counter-Reformation appealed to this desire to worship God with suitable majesty and reverence. At the same time they felt a strong call to serve the poor. This dual concern for pomp and service to the poor was also evident in the Catholic Apostolic movement among Anglicans that led to the Oxford movement. 

HaMoranu Jacob Leib Frank

Jacob Frank said that the reason that Poland was the first place that the Frankists chose to become Catholics is because they were the nation that understood the Mother best. The Papal Frankists who went to Ireland were to bring this intense Marian focus with them and under the Papal Frankist priests, Bishops, nuns and laity they inaugurated a new era of Marian fervour in Irish Catholicism.  It was the hidden Frankists in the Church of Europe that pushed for the dogmas of the Immaculate Conception and Papal infallibility. 

At the same time the Masonic Sabbatean-Frankists were working to oppose the agendas of the Papal Frankists and were working for an occultic, masonic and modernist take over of the structures of the Catholic Church. However by the late 1800's families from both sides were starting to forget their Jewish and Frankist origins, identity and customs and had assimilated fully into the Gentile cultures of Church and State. Jacob Frank had sought permission for the Frankists to maintain openly their Jewish customs and practices in the Church as a Jewish rite similar to the Chinese rites proposed by the Jesuits in China. However the anti-semitic and anti-Jesuit forces in the Church of the 18th century prevailed on the Bishops to deny this request. This was when Frank decided that the Frankists must remain in silence and hiddeness as a Jewish  mystical leaven in the Church to prepare it to become the Church of the new era that would be truly mystical and universal.

The Frankist Pope St. Pius X- the beautiful fruit of the Papal Frankists

[Note: It seems that Father Malachi Martin confused the issue of Pius X's ancestry in his novel by confusing the Pope's father Giovanni with Pius X's great-great grandfather Giovanni Sarto who was a Polish Frankist Jan Krawiec (Yehuda Kravitz) who was born in Wielkopolska Poland in 1687. He joined the Frankist movement in the 1750's with his family. The family came to Godero near Treviso in 1760 after the arrest of Frank where they took Italian names. They chose Sarto, which means 'tailor' as does Krawiec (Polish) and Kravitz (Yiddish), as a name common in the area. In 1763 Jan's son Anzolo (Angelo) Sarto with his wife and son Giuseppe Sarto moved to Riese and settled there as had some other Frankist families. Pope Pius X's maternal grandfather was from a Frankist family originally and he was called Mordechai Samson (Melchior Szalwinski or Schwienke) but changed to Melchiorre Sanson in Italy. His maternal grandmother's surname was Antonini (originally the Polish Antonik). Other names in his family are Liviero (Levi/ Lisowski) and Giacomello (Yankel/ Janowski). Thus Pius X was certainly Italian and so were his parents and grandparents however they were Italians of Polish and German Frankist (Jews who had become Catholics) ancestry.]