Saturday, December 27, 2014

Mt-dna J1b1a1:Scottish, Flemish and Jewish

J1b1a1 is a subclade of the J mt-dna haplogroup to which my father belongs. Some refer to the J mt-dna haplogroup as the 'Clan of Jasmine' and to be Middle Eastern in origin and arriving in Europe later than the other major European maternal haplogroups. I think we could refer to subclade J1b1a1 as the clan of Jochabel or Jochabed who was the mother of Rebecca of Flanders and she was also called Sybille. This subclade is Jewish and Flemish in origin and one group of it which we could call the 'Daughters of Rebecca' are Scottish and crypto-Jewish in origin.

On familytree dna one American participant Barbara B who is part of a group of related J1b1a1 mt-dna has a genealogy that traces back to Agnes MacDonald Cahan (the granddaughter of Rebecca of Flanders), of the 14th century, on the direct female line. It is most likely that all of J1b1a1 descends from Rebecca or her immediate maternal ancestors. My own paternal grandmother Mabel is J1b1a1 mt-dna who also descends from Agnes and Rebecca. Mabel and Barbara's common direct-maternal line ancestress is Lady Mariota MacDonald of the Isles (wife of Lord Alexander Sutherland) the daughter of Donald the 9th Lord of the Isles and his wife Lady Mariota Leslie of Ross. 

Lord Alexander Sutherland of Dunbeath had at least three daughters by Lady Mariota- 1. Mariota or Mary who married William Calder, the Thane of Cawdor, 2. Agnes who married Sir William Borthwick  and 3.Marjory or Margaret who married William Sinclair. Lord Alexander Sutherland also had an illegitimate daughter by Catherine Chalmers called Marion or Muriel who married Alexander Seton.  

Recent genetic testing confirms for me that Marjory Sutherland (wife of William Sinclair) was the daughter of Lady Mariota (not Chalmers) as was believed before the 1980's. A researcher in the 1980's first claimed that Chalmers was the mother of the wife of William Sinclair. Confusion was caused by a number of similar names beginning with Mar were used for these daughters of Lord William. Lady Mariota of the Isles and her three daughters were leaders in the aristocratic crypto-Jewish movement in 15th century Scotland.

Rebecca of Flanders was the daughter of Guy II de Dampierre and his Jewish mistress Yochebed (also known as Sybille). Rebecca played a part in Scottish history and legend. Yochebed was the daughter of Rabbi Samuel de Dampierre whose grandfather was Rabbi Isaac de Dampierre. Rabbi Isaac established a leading Yeshivah in Dampierre. Guy II de Dampierre is remembered as Guy O'Cahan in the Scottish genealogies. Guy was descended from Rabbi Judah ben Meir ha-Kohen (also known as Eudes de Dampierre). Rabbi Judah was the grandson of a Khazar Prince Judah the son of King Benjamin of the Khazars. The title ha-khagan was transferred to ha-Kohen in Europe. 

Sir Walter Scott's Rebecca, daughter of the Jew Isaac of York (in 'Ivanhoe'), alludes to the real Rebecca who was descended from Rabbi Isaac de Dampierre. Sir Walter Scott's mother knew all the old stories and histories and the genealogies of Scotland which Sir Walter adapted in his writings.  Rebecca of Flanders lived during the reigns of King Alexander III of Scots and King Edward I of England and Sir Walter transferred her story a century earlier to York in the reign of King Richard I the Lionhearted of England (and King William I the Lion of Scots). Flanders is also alluded to in many places in Ivanhoe. 

The Flemish entered Scotland in different waves from the 11th century to the 17th century where they establish the cloth industry. Rebecca and a group of Flemish immigrants arrived in the 1280's when the heir to the Scottish throne married Princess Margaret of Flanders the half-sister of Rebecca. Rebecca's brother Reuben of Flanders was knighted by Alexander III as Sir Robert Fleming when he married the daughter of Sir Malcolm (Moshe) Fleming a grandson of the Flemish Jewish merchant and rabbi, Benjamin of Flanders, known as Baldwin of Biggar. Rav Benjamin arrived in Scotland in the early 12th century. He was a brother of Rabbi Isacc of Dampierre.

The Jewish families of Flanders and Normandy to which Rebecca belonged were from merchant families descended from a branch of the Khazar Royal Family and from the Rhodanite or Radanite Jews of France. It would seem that Rebecca of Flanders maternal ancestresses (of J1b1) were probably descended from a Radanite Jewess who moved from south east Asia (south of India) and married into the Khazar Princes.

Scottish Crypto-Jewish Matriarchs of J1b1a1

Rebecca Cohen of Flanders
Lady of the Isles (b.1265)
wife of Angus II Mor MacDonald Lord of the Isles
Lady Mariota of the Isles
Lady of the Isles (b.1289)
wife of Alexander II Mor MacDonald Lord of the Isles
Lady Agnes MacDonald Cahan
Lady of the Isles (b.1304)
wife of Angus III Og MacAlexander Lord of the Isles
Lady Mary Alexander of the Isles 
Countess of Ross (b.1322)
wife of William (Uileam) III Earl of Ross
Euphemia of Ross
Regnant Countess of Ross  
wife of Sir Walter Leslie
Lady Mariota Leslie of Ross
Lady of the Isles
wife of Donald Lord of the Isles
Lady Mariota MacDonald of the Isles
Lady Sutherland
wife of Lord William Sutherland
Agnes Sutherland
       Lady Borthwick  (b.1442) 
wife of William Borthwick 2nd Lord of Borthwick
Agnes Borthwick
Countess of Cassillis (b.1465)
wife of David Kennedy 1st Earl of Cassillis  
Lady Katherine Kennedy 
Lady Hamilton (b.1498)
wife of Sir William Hamilton
Isabel Hamilton
Lady Seton (b.1529)
wife of George Seton 5th Lord Seton
Margaret Seton
Lady Paisley (b.1555)
wife of Claud Hamilton 1st Lord Paisley
 Margaret Hamilton
Marchioness of Douglas (b.1585)
wife of William Douglas Ist Marquess of Douglas
Lady Margaret Douglas (b.1607) [J1b1a1 mt-dna]
wife of Lord William Alexander of Stirling eldest son of the 1st Earl of Stirling [R1b M222+ A260] 

Familytreedna testing demonstrates that Barbara B's mtdna (whose maternal ancestress Elvira McDonald (b.1842 Pickens, Alabama USA) and my cousin George Ba's mt-dna [whose maternal ancestress was Sarah Ann Nunn (b.1858 Brunswick, Victoria, Australia)] match at the level of HVR2 and thus share a common direct line maternal ancestress after 1300 AD. According to the paper trail they share a common direct -line maternal ancestress around 1400.


 Elvira McDonald of Alabama

Eupedia Information on J1b1 
  • J1b
    • J1b1: an Indo-European subclade, found in Anatolia, Central Asia, India and most of Europe
      • J1b1a: found in Europe, the Caucasus and India
        • J1b1a1: found in western Europe
        • J1b1a2: found in Italy, Greece and Armenia
        • J1b1a3: found in Italy, Armenia and northern Iran
      • J1b1b: found in north-west Europe, Italy, Turkey and China (Xinjiang)
        • J1b1b1: found in Italy, Armenia, Iraq, Iran, India and Siberia (Buryats, Altai-Kizhi)
        • J1b1b2: found in Iran
The Journey of J mt-dna

High -Queen Nefertiti Tadu-Hepa (Tadukhipa / Tabua / Kiya) of Rhoda and Mitanni (Media and Assyria) and Queen of the Kedarites (b.740 BC). She was known as Aphrodite to the Greeks and as Venus Victrix to the Romans. She married Akhnaten (Amenhotep IV) Pharaoh of Egypt (R1b-M269 ydna) who was known as Anchises or Aeneas or Oedipus to the Greeks and Romans. She was of R mt-dna
The female Pharaoh Neferneferauten was a daughter of Nefertiti and Akhnaten
Neferneferauten was the mother of Jecoliah The Queen of Judah (wife of King Amaziah. Jecoliah was the ancestress of JT mt-dna 
JT mt-dna separated into J and T around the time of the Exile of the 10 Tribes of Israel (600 BC)
Anna the wife of Tobias of Naphtali (N y-dna) may have been the founder of J mt-dna
J1 mt-dna mutation probably occurred around the 4th -2nd centuries BC
J1b mt-dna ancestresses found among R1a y-dna of the Manessehite Tribe among the ancestors of the Khazars between the 2nd-4th centuries AD.
J1b1 mt-dna mutation probably occurred in Khazaria spreading east to India and west to Europe around the 6th century
J1b1a that came to Western Europe with Sybille the wife of Prince Judah HaKhagan (Cohen) the son of King Benjamin of Khazaria in the 10th century AD
J1b1a1 mt-dna mutation occurred in Flanders with Rebecca of Flanders ancestress and spread to Scotland with Rebecca herself in the 13th century. The Jewish diaspora and aristocratic intermarriage spread it into other parts of Western Europe.

List of Scottish surnames with Jewish Flemish origins. These families maintained a crypto-Jewish identity for many centuries through intermarriage with each other.

  • Fleming (Flemyng, Flemeng and Flandrensis)
  • Baird
  • Balliol
  • Beaton
  • Brodie
  • Bruce
  • Cameron
  • Campbell
  • Comyn
  • Crawford
  • Douglas
  • Erskine
  • Graham
  • Hamilton
  • Hay
  • Innes
  • Lindsay
  • Murray
  • Oliphant
  • Seton
Other Scottish families were also part of this crypto -Jewish network.
  • Alexander (Alisdair)
  • Borthwick
  • Kennedy 
  • Leslie
  • MacClean
  • MacDonald (listed in the Semi- Gotha as a noble family of ancient Jewish origin)
  • MacKenzie
  • Macrae 
  • de Moravia
  • Ross
  • Sinclair
  • Sutherland

Saturday, December 20, 2014

New Subclades of R1b M222+ ydna: The Scottish Sons of Isaac (DF104)

The new subclades of R1b-M222+ are of great interest to many. It would seem that much of the famous R1b M222+ found in Scotland and Ireland today has its source in the Dunkeld-Atholl royal dynasty of Scottish Kings. The y-dna evidence seems to be confirming what I wrote in my blog on the Sons of Aodh in 2012. I now hold that the male line of the Royal Scottish House of Dunkeld-Atholl is of DF104 (s661) ydna. This branch of R1b M222 is descended from the Scottish King David I the Saint (b.1094 d.1153) the youngest son of King Malcolm III of Scots and St Margaret of Scotland (of Khazar Jewish ancestry).

The original clans of Mackenzie, MacClean and Macrae claim descent from an ancestor of the 13th century known as Gillanders MacIsaac or Gilleoin of Aird or Gilleoin Macrath. These three ancestors are the one man Lord Angus III Og Mac Alexander (Gillanders) of the Isles of DF104 (s661) ydna. His son John was the ancestor of DF105 (s660) branch of R1b M222+ ydna. The name Gillanders can mean 'a servant of Andrew' and its origins may have come from St Margaret's grandfather Prince Solomon of the Scottish Khazars who served King Andrew the White of Hungary. It would seem that they formed a kind of secret Knights or Servants of St Andrew among the descendants of Prince Solomon.

This Gillanders or Gilleoin was the son of Isaac Mac Alexander (b.1282). Isaac was also known as John or Iain Alexander the illegitimate son of Prince Alexander and his Jewish mistress Rebecca of Flanders (of J1b mt-dna) who I have discussed in other posts. Gilleoin may mean 'servant of John' and thus refer to Isaac (John / Iain) whose father and son were both known as Gillanders. Gillanders also alludes to the names Alexander (Alisdair) and William. The name Macrath or MacRaa (Macrae) means son of Rebecca (Raa or Rae) and Isaac was known in Galloway as Macrath Molegan (Little Jewish King). In 1298 Isaac as Macrath Molegan then about 15 or 16 years old  had to swear fealty to Edward I for his lands in Dumfriesshire.

Prince Alexander of Scots (b.1263 d.1284) was the son of King Alexander III of Scots (b.1241 d. 1286) a descendant of King David I of Scots. Prince Alexander was also known as Gillanders. Prince Alexander may have been a secret Knight of the order of the servants of St Andrew.  Prince Alexander was the grandfather of the second Gillanders. This second Gillanders may be identical to Angus III Og MacAlexander (born 1300 r.1320-1330) 6th Lord of the Isles a son-in-law of Alexander II Og 4th Lord of the Isles.

Lord Angus III of the Isles was the son of John Alexander (illegitimate son of Prince Alexander of Scots and Rebecca of Flanders) and Lady Margaret Bruce (sister of King Robert the Bruce). Angus III Og's son Ian (John) Fraoch (by his mistress according to some writers) was the proven ancestor of the Glencoe MacDonald's of R1b y-dna. Angus's father John (Isaac) Mac Alexander had been taken as a small child by his mother Rebecca north to Sutherland on the death of King Alexander III to the safety of her relatives. She was quickly married to Angus I Mor Mac Donald 3rd Lord of the Isles and soon after gave birth to the future Angus II Og (MacDonald of R1a ydna).

Angus III succeeded his half-uncle Angus II (with whom he has been confused and merged by most writers) in 1320. He was chosen to succeed his half-uncle as Angus II's son John was still young and Clan Donald wished to please the new King Robert the Bruce who was an uncle to Angus III. Angus III carried the male bloodline (on the wrong side of the blanket) from the old Kings of Scotland of the Atholl-Dunkeld Dynasty.

Angus III died at the age of about 30 in 1330 and was succeeded by his cousin John the son of Angus II McDonald Lord of the Isles (of R1a ydna). As a result of merging Angus II and Angus III their sons, who were both called John (Iain), were also merged, causing some confusion in the genealogies and histories of Scotland and the Isles. In fact the Glencoe Macdonald founder Ian (John) Fraoch may not have been an illegitimate son but actually the same person as John II Lord of the Isles, for whom a story of illegitimacy was created as a way of explaining the two Johns after the merging of the two Angus' into one.

According to some researchers, Gillanders, is also the same person remembered in the genealogy of the Earls of Sutherland as William de Moravia the father of the second Earl of Sutherland.  However I think this Gillanders is in fact Prince Alexander (the grandfather of the later Gillanders). Thus William de Moravia the 2nd Earl of Sutherland was either the brother of Isaac Mac Gillanders or Isaac (John Alexander) himself. The name of Moravia in the family may have come from Rebecca's paternal ancestress Ashina of the Moravian Khazars (wife of King Benjamin of the Khazars) rather than from Moray. In fact Moray may have been named for the Moravia Khazar family who came to rule this part of northern Scotland.

The early genealogy of the Earls of Sutherland need reconstruction. It would seem that Isaac became the Earl of Sutherland around 1308 as Uilleam or William de Moravia at the age of 25 on the death of William the previous Earl of Sutherland (a relative of Isaac's mother). He died in 1314 at the age of  31. The 3rd Earl Uilleam or William (Gillanders) was a memory of his son Angus III Lord of the Isles in the Sutherland legends who was the Earl of Sutherland before he became the Lord of the Isles. 

Isaac's son Kenneth (b.1303) was the 4th Earl of Sutherland who died in 1333 around the age of 30. Kenneth of Sutherland married Mary (b.1305) the sister of Donald II Earl of Mar. Kenneth's son William the 5th Earl of  Sutherland was born in 1323 and he married Princess Margaret Bruce of Scots in 1345. She died in 1347 after the birth of their son John of Sutherland (b.1346 d.1361) who died at 15. William remarried to his cousin Joanna Menteith. Princess Margaret's sister Princess Matilda Bruce was married to a Thomas MacIsaac (a younger brother of Kenneth MacIsaac the 4th Earl of Sutherland). The mother of these two Bruce princesses was Lady Elizabeth de Burgh (the second wife of King Robert I the Bruce) whose mother was Margaret of Guines a sister of Rebecca of Flanders.

                                                               Lord of the Isles

 Isaac (John/ Iain) Alexander's grandson John Alexander the 8th Lord of the Isles is most likely the y-dna ancestor of all those with DF105+ (s660) of R1b M222+ including many MacKays and Griersons (MacGhee/ Mac Gregor). The Mackays and Griersons of DF105+ (s660) descend from Hugh (Aodh) of the Isles a son of John Alexander the 8th Lord of the Isles and his wife Princess Margaret Stewart. Within the Scottish branch of the Griersons developed FGC4133+ subclade of DF105+ (s660)

From Alexander MacAlexander the 10th Lord of the Isles of R1b M222+ DF105+ comes the Alexander family of Menstrie. It is from William Alexander the First Earl of Stirling of the 16th century (or his father or grandfather) that A260 subclade of R1b M222 descends. His sons left numerous male offspring in Scotland, Ireland and America. These men are very fertile for male offspring and the wide variance of surnames demonstrates they are charming womanisers leaving offspring with other men's wives or frequent surname changers. It is most likely a combination of both factors. Both these are certainly true of my branch of the A260 family. 

William Alexander 1st Earl of Stirling 

Alexander the 10th Lord of the Isles was married to Mary of Lennox (of J1b mt-dna) the daughter of Duncan the 8th Earl of Lennox and his wife Helena (Ellen) Campbell. Helena Campbell was the daughter of Sir Archibald Campbell and his wife Mary Isabella Lamont. Mary Isabella Lamont (born 1318) was a daughter of  Sir John of Lamont and his wife Isobel (Yochabel/Jochabed) Alexander the sister of Isaac (John/ Iain) Alexander (Gillanders). Thus Mary of Lennox was halachically Jewish. 

Both John Alexander 8th Lord of the Isles and his sister Mary the wife of William III Earl of Ross were halachically Jewish through their mother Agnes McDonald Cahan (b.1304) who was a maternal granddaughter of Rebecca of Flanders (b.1265) by her husband (and second partner) Angus Mor McDonald ha Khagan the 3rd Lord of the Isles of Royal Khazar R1a ydna. These Scottish aristocratic families of partially Khazar Jewish ancestry that married into the Royal and noble families of R1b M222+ made their impact on Scottish culture and custom especially in the Highlands.

Isaac's ancestor was King Duncan I of Scots who was the founder of  S7073 (FGC462) subclade of R1b M222+. King Duncan's brother Maldred of Allerdale Lord or King of Cumbria was the ancestor of the Kennedy Clan of R1b M222+ S629/S634/S635 but negative for S7073(FGC462). This would confirm that Maldred was the father of Gospatrick of Dunbar who was the father of Fergus Lord of Galloway the ancestor of the original Kennedy ancestor John Kennedy of Dunure (b.1310) son of Gilbert de Carrick. 

Other members of the Kennedy clan were descended from King Duncan on the direct paternal line but were most likely maternal descendants of John Kennedy of Dunure as well. This may have occurred when the Royal and aristocratic descendants of King Duncan lay with the wives of the Kennedy clan or when a maternal grandson took the Kennedy surname. Malcolm III is the ancestor of all the R1b M222+ S658+ descendants. The MacHugh and older Mackay family descend from Aethelred  (Aedh/ Hugh/ Aodh) the Abbot of Dunkeld and Earl of Fife a son of Malcolm III. His brother King David I is the ancestor of the DF104 (s661) subclade.

King David I of Scots

Máel Muire of Atholl the Mormaer of Atholl was a brother of King Malcolm III and the ancestor of the founder of R1b M222+ S568. He married the daughter of Anrothan O'Neill and his descendant was Dunsleve Lord of Knapdale who was the ancestor of the Lamont family ancestor Malcolm (an ancestor of R1b M222+ S568+ S566+) the son of Farquhar (the founder of S568).  Malcolm was also the ancestor of R1b M222+S568+ PF1169  through his son Duncan (Dunsleve II/ Gilbert of Dundee) whose grandson was John Dunn.

Another brother of Malcolm III was King Donald III whose illegitimate son Ladhmann is the ancestor of the subclade FGC4077/ FGC4078/ FGC4087 of R1b M222+. Ladhmann married Joanna a daughter of John Comyn (Comines/ Cumming) and they were the parents of Richard Comyn the Justiciar of Lothian who married Hextilda also a maternal granddaughter of King Donald III of Scots by his only legitimate child Princess Bethoc. Richard Comyn is the ancestor of the A725 subclade of M222+ as well as other branches of FGC4077. Hextilda's father was Lord Uchtred a son of Maldred the brother of King Duncan I of Scots. Richard and Hextilda's son William Comyn thus had a strong claim to the Throne.

Thus these R1b M222+ DF104+ Sons of Isaac are descended from King David I of Scots a grandson of King Duncan I of Scots who belong to a branch of the O'Niall kindred who in turn come from a branch of the kindred of St Joseph of Arimathea the founder or father of the founder of M222+. St Joseph of Arimathea is descended from the Davidic House of Nathan (R1b L21). Thus those of R1b M222+ DF104+(s661) are doubly Davidic descending from King David of Israel and Judah and King David I of Scots.

Red headed King David of Israel and Judah

The legend that a Mackenzie of Kintail in 1263 saved King Alexander III of Scots from death by a stag is based in truth. The event however didn't occur in 1263 but in the early 15th century when Baron Murdoch Mackenzie of Kintail saved the life of Alexander III MacAlexander the 10th Lord of the Isles. These events occurred around 1423. Baron Murdoch II MacKenzie the 5th Lord of Kintail (b.1398 d.1426) named his son Alexander (b.1423 d.1488) after the Lord of the Isles and this son married Margaret MacDonald a niece of Alexander III the 10th Lord of the Isles as his second wife. The Lord of the Isles were the overlords of the Mackenzies of Kintail but later when the Mackenzies changed allegiance to the Scots Kings the legend was reinvented to speak of a bond with the Scottish crown rather than the declining Lordship of the Isles.

The so-called Geraldine ancestry of the Mackenzie clan may have been on a maternal lineage. The Mackenzies of Inverness and surrounding areas are the direct male line of the first Mackenzie Kenneth (Colin) who was a son of Gillanders MacIsaac.

The first MacKenzie was Kenneth (Colin) (b.1322 d.1346 executed by his brother-in-law William (Uilleam) III Earl of Ross) a son of Angus III MacAlexander the 6th Lord of the Isles.  Mackenzie legend speaks of a Colin Fitzgerald as their ancestor. Colin is actually derived from the name Khagan / Kohen/ Cohen. Fitzgerald is actually MacGillanders. Mac and fitz both mean 'son of' but Fitz is usually used for the bastard sons of Royalty. The Gillanders is Alexander. Thus Isaac Cohen (ha Kagan) son of Prince Alexander became Gaelicised as Colin Fitzgerald (Isaac MacGillanders) son of Gillanders.

Kenneth's son was Iain (John) MacKenzie (b.1338 d.1388) the 2nd Lord Kintail the father of Kenneth II MacKenzie (b.1357 d.1406) the 3rd Lord of Kintail. Iain's mother was Lady Margaret de Strathbogie (b.1320) the daughter of Sir David II de Strathbogie the Earl of Atholl and Lady Joan Comyn (b.1292 d.1326) a maternal granddaughter of William de Valance the Earl of Pembroke who was the son of Queen Isabella (of Angouleme) of England by her second husband Lord Hugh X Lusignan. Kenneth II Mackenzie was the father of Murdoch I Mackenzie (b.1379 d.1416) the 4th Lord of Kintail.

Mackenzie legend states that Kenneth (Colin)'s son Iain led 500 warriors in support of King Robert the Bruce in 1314 at the Battle of Bannockburn however it was actually Kenneth's grandfather Isaac (Iain/John) that led the warriors in the Battle of Bannockburn with Angus II MacDonald the 5th Lord of the Isles his half-brother. Isaac the illegitimate son of Prince Alexander had also led warriors in 1308 at the Battle of Inverurie in support of his brother-in-law Robert the Bruce against the Comyn Clan. 

Isaac's son Angus the future 6th Lord (died 1330) is often confused with his predecessor and half-uncle Angus II MacDonald the 5th Lord of the Isles (died 1320) who aided Robert the Bruce in 1306. Robert the Bruce's sister Lady Margaret Bruce (b.1283) was firstly married to Isaac MacGillanders around 1300 and after his death (possibly in the battle of Bannockburn) she remarried to Sir William Carlyle.

Alexander III MacAlexander the 10th Lord of the Isles was the brother of Donald II MacAlexander the 9th Lord of the Isles and the ancestor of all the DF105(s660) MacDonalds. They were closely maternally interrelated with the R1a MacDonalds who were direct male descendants of Donald I Mor the 1st Lord of the Isles who in turn was a paternal grandson of Somerled.

King Robert II Stewart of Scots married Elizabeth Mure as his first wife and she was the mother of Robert III Stewart (named John at baptism). Elizabeth Mure (of J1b mt-dna) was the daughter of Sir Adam Mure and Joana or Janet of the Isles. Joana (Janet) of the Isles was a daughter of Angus III MacAlexander the 6th Lord of the Isles and his wife Agnes MacDonald Cahan (b.1304). Thus Elizabeth Mure was halachically Jewish (descended maternally from Rebecca of Flanders) as well as her numerous children by Robert II including her daughter Princess Margaret Stewart who married John Alexander the 8th Lord of the Isles.  

A brother of Rebecca of Flanders was Walter Fitz Gilbert (Vidal or Chaim) the founder of the Hamilton family. Walter's father Gilbert Fitz William is actually Guy II de Dampierre son of William I de Dampierre. Walter was also known as Walter de Moravia. Another brother of Rebecca was Sir Robert de Fleming (Reuben). Sir Robert de Fleming married Joan Douglas a descendant of another Flemish Jewish family that came to Scotland in the reign of King David I of Scots. 

Many of these earlier Scottish Jewish Fleming families were descendants of Simcha Freskin (Fredkin) also known as Simon Fraser in Scotland and Rabbi Simcha de Vitri or Viter de Moeslain in Flanders. His wife Hannah bat Samuel was descended from the Khazar King Benjamin. One of his sons was William of Duffus and another was Udard (Judah) Fraser also known as Thibaud or Theobald of Flanders the ancestor of the Douglas Family through Thibaud's son William Douglas 1st Laird of Douglasdale. St. Gilbert de Moravia of Scotland belonged to this Flemish Khazar Jewish family.

It would seem from the latest results of M222 that much of the Irish R1b M222+ found in the northern part of Ireland is in origins from the Scottish M222 of the House of Dunkeld-Atholl [descended from the older Niall or O'Niell Kings of Mide (Meath)]. It would also seem that a branch of this Scottish M222 went into France in the Medieval period descended in the direct male line from King Donald III Bane of Scots' illegitimate son. Many other M222+ families in Ireland (of FGC 4077 y-dna) descend also from King Donald III of Scots. These Irish, Scottish and French FGC4077 descendants of Donald III are most probably male line descendants of his grandson Richard Comyn (1120-1179), Justiciar of Lothian.


 Note: When this chart speaks of an ancestor of a subclade, that does not necessarily mean they are the founder of that subclade. It means that that particular subclade appeared among their descendants. For example, the chart states that R1b A260 appears in some of the descendants of Alexander Mac Alexander Lord of the Isles. This does not mean that all his descendants are A260, it means that one branch of his descendants are A260, other descendants would be DF105 (s660). However it is most likely that DF105 (s660) did originate with Alexander Mac Alexander's father John Alexander Lord of the Isles who married Princess Margaret Stewart. Thus John was the ancestor and founder of DF105 (s660). John's son Donald Lord of the Isles (1387-1423) was the ancestor of  S588 a subclade of DF105 (s660).

It is most probable that Sir William Alexander the 1st Earl of Stirling was the founder of A260. Unfortunately some Americans have started claiming that their R1a ancestor John of Eridy was the 1st Earl of Stirling's son when in fact Lord John Alexander was not the same person as John Alexander (Alisdair) of Eridy. It is probably Sir William Alexander's grandfather Andrew Alexander the 6th Baron of Menstrie who was the founder of A259.

see M222 ancestor is from England