Saturday, April 28, 2012

Solomon the Khazar Prince of Scotland

Rabbis of the Khazars

For many years I have claimed that Agatha the mother of St Margaret of Scotland was a daughter of the Khazar Prince Solomon. His brother was Margad. Their father Manesseh (de jure Manesseh III of the Khazars) came to Scotland and Ireland after the fall of the Khazar Kingdom as a young boy (about 10) with his father the exiled King Joseph of Khazaria. This Solomon is mentioned in the king lists and genealogies of the kings of Dublin. St Margaret's name is a female version of the name of her uncle Margad a Khazar Prince that was also King of Dublin and a King of Leinster according to the old genealogies. His uncle also Margad was the first Khazar King of Moray in Scotland. It would seem that when Agatha fled with her children north into Scotland she was heading for the Kingdom of Moray ruled by her family. The famous King Somerled (Solomon) King of the Isles was named in honour of his ancestor Prince Solomon of the Khazars.

I was very pleased today to read in this entry in the Wikipedia on Agatha that an early source refers to the father of Agatha as Solomon.  "...Agatha's origin is alluded to in numerous surviving medieval sources, but the information they provide is sometimes imprecise, often contradictory, and occasionally cannot possibly be correct. The earliest surviving source, the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, along with Florence of Worcester's Chronicon ex chronicis and Regalis prosapia Anglorum, Simeon of Durham and Ailred of Rievaulx describe Agatha as a kinswoman of "Emperor Henry" (thaes ceseres magafilia germani imperatoris Henrici). In an earlier entry, the same Ailred of Rievaulx had called her a daughter of emperor Henry, as do later sources of dubious credibility such as the Chronicle of Melrose Abbey, while Matthew of Paris calls her the emperor's sister (soror Henrici imperatoris Romani). Geoffrey Gaimar in Lestoire des Engles states that she was daughter of the Hungarian king and queen (Li reis sa fille), although he places the marriage at a time when Edward is thought still to have been in Kiev, while Orderic Vitalis in Historiae Ecclesiasticae is more specific, naming her father as king Solomon (filiam Salomonis Regis Hunorum), actually a contemporary of Agatha's children. William of Malmesbury in De Gestis Regis Anglorum states that Agatha's sister was a Queen of Hungary (reginae sororem) and is echoed in this by Alberic of Trois-Fontaines, while, less precisely, Ailred says of Margaret that she was derived from English and Hungarian royal blood (de semine regio Anglorum et Hungariorum extitit oriunda). Finally, Roger of Howden and the anonymous Leges Edwardi Confessoris indicate that while Edward was a guest of Kievan "king Malesclodus" he married a woman of noble birth (nobili progenio), Leges adding that the mother of St Margaret was of Rus royal blood (ex genere et sanguine regum Rugorum)..." 

While Orderic Vitalis confuses Agatha's father Solomon with his relative King Solomon I of Hungary (who descends from the marriage of Princess Men of Khazaria to Duke Zoltan of Hungary) he nevertheless gets the correct name of her father as Solomon. King Solomon I of Hungary in fact lived a generation later. Agatha is descended via her parents Prince Solomon of the Scottish Khazars and Princess Ragna of Waterford and Dublin from the royal houses of Hungary and the Royal House of Russia. Agatha's mother Princess Ragna of Dublin and Waterford is a daughter of Princess Rogneda of Russia (a sister of Yaroslav the Wise). The origins of these families from powerful Jewish Princes was deliberately obscured to later generations. 

It would seem that Agatha's parents returned to Russia where Agatha's sister Margada married her relative Bryachislav Prince of Polatsk around 1040. Agatha's father Prince Solomon of the Scottish Khazars went to Hungary to assist his relative Andrew the White in claiming the throne of Hungary. It is here in Hungary that Edward the Exile the Atheling heir to the English throne met Agatha and married her around 1046.  King Andrew named his son Solomon after the father of Agatha.

1. Princess Margada of the Anglo-Saxons and Khazars (St. Margaret of Scotland) married Malcolm III King of Scots.
2. Princess Agatha of the Scottish Khazars married Edward the Exile heir to the Anglo-Saxon throne of England
3. Princess Ragna of Dublin and Waterford married Shlomo Prince of the Khazars
4. Princess Rogneda of Russia [sister of Izyaslav Prince of Polatsk (d.1001)] married Ragnall II King of Waterford
5. Lady Rogneda of Polatsk (962-1002)[sister of Sabina who married Prince Ragnall of Waterford] married Vladimir the Great of Russia
6. Princess Agatha of the Khazars (b.935) married Ragnvald (Ragnall) of Polatsk and Waterford son of Prince Ivar (Mar Ivar haAluf) of Waterford (d.950)
7. Lady Mariota of Hungary married Aharon II King of Khazaria
8. Princess Men of Bihar and Khazaria married Duke Zoltan of Hungary (ancestor of King Solomon I of Hungary)
9. Princess Adiva of England and Mercia (b.876) married Menumarot (Menachem) King of Bihar and Khazaria
[ sister of Princess Aethelflaed of England (b.871) Queen of Mercia married Aethelred Lord of Mercia]
10. Princess Ealswitha of Mercia (b.852) married Alfred the Great King of England

Thursday, April 26, 2012

Khazar Ancestry of Janet Countess of Stirling

Janet Erskine was the Countess of Stirling the wife of the famous Sir William Alexander the first Earl of Stirling. She descended on her direct maternal line through the Scottish nobility and Royalty (Stewarts) back into the English nobility and royalty (Plantagenets). From there her maternal lineage goes into Ireland when Richard de Clare the 2nd Earl of Pembroke married the Irish Princess Aiofe. However this Irish dynasty isn't as Irish as it first looks. These Kings of Leinster and Dublin belong to the Jewish Khazar Royal Dynasty that came into Scotland and Ireland in the 10th century.

In Waterford was established a Davidic Royal dynasty called the House of  Mar Ivar . Mar is Jewish for a Lord of the Davidic House. One branch of the Royal Davidic House from Narbonne had been established in Scandinavia when Machir Theodoric of Narbonne's son Hernaut de Gironde (also called Harald Hildetand) married Hilda the Princess of Lethra a daughter of King Ivar of Lethra.  Their daughter Princess Alfhild married Sigurd Ring who was a male line descendant of the Jewish Catholic Davidic House of Hesbaye descended from Lancelot and Galahad.

Sigurd Ring was the son Randver(Angar/Ragnar/ Berenger) of Hesbaye by his wife Princess Landree of Franks. His daughter Aslaug (Asa) married  her Jewish  cousin Ragnvold (Ragnar) who was the son of Halfdan (Ha Aluf Dan) the son of Hernaut de Gironde. Ragnar was also called by anti-semitic Gnostics of his day as Lodbrock (hairy breeches).  Ragnar's son  Godfraith (Godfrey) became the King of the Vikings in Scotland. Godfraith's son Mar Ivar the Boneless established the Kingdom of Waterford in Ireland. Ivar's descendants were the Kings of Waterford and Dublin. Mar Ivar himself was the Norse King of Northern Britian and Ireland. His grandson was Ragnall (Rognvold) I King of Waterford.

The Irish king Ruiadhri had a great victory over the Norsemen in 950 in which Ragnall I's son Prince Ivar (the Tanist) was killed. The Royal family then fled into exile to Russia. This is where the Khazars became linked with the Dynasty. The two sons of Prince Ivar the Tanist married two daughters of Aharon II King of the Jewish Khazars. One son called Ivar returned with his wife Mariota to Ireland and regained his grandfather's Kingdom of Waterford and became Ivar II of Waterford. His brother Ragnall (Rognavold) stayed in Russia with his wife Agatha and became the Prince of Polatsk. Ragnovold Prince of Polatsk's granddaughter Princess Rogneda married his kinsman King Ragnall II of Waterford. Some of her Khazar cousins went with their cousin Ivar II to Ireland and their descendants married the Princesses of the House of Mar Ivar.  Some of these Princes were younger sons of  Prince Manesseh of Khazaria (heir to the Khazar kingdom) which was overthrown by the Russians in about 967. They were established in Ireland by 969.

It would seem the King Joseph of Khazaria retreated to Scotland and Ireland where he settled in  Ossory and Moray and was known as King Cellach [meaning the King of War and Strife) and Cuncar (Conchobar / the Hebrew King / King (Cun) of the Khazars (Car)]. He was killed by King Malcolm II at the beginning of his reign (though accounts have confused him with his grandfather Malcolm I). King Joseph Cellach married twice firstly to Sabina of the Khazars and secondly to Frigida the daughter of Cerball of Osraige (Ossory). Sabina and Joseph's daughter Osnat married Aurchad of Connacht. Aurchad and Osnat's daughter Cressa married her half- uncle Tadgan Tuir son of  King Joseph and Frigida. St Margaret's sister was also called Cressa (Christina). Aefgifu of Ossory the wife of King Malcolm II of Scots and mother of Princess Bethoc of Scots was a daughter of King Joseph Cellach and his wife Frigida.

King Joseph of Khazaria's cousin David became the Khazar King of Taman in Russia. He was succeeded by his son Georgius Tzul as leader of the Khazars.  David married a Baghratid Princess . Georgius Tzul's son David I became the King of Lori. Another son was called Bagrat was adopted by David III of Georgia. He ascended the throne as Bagrat III and is the ancestor for all the later Kings of the Bhagratuni Dynasty . Georgius Tzul of the Khazars has been mistakenly confused with George of Abkhazaria.

Manasseh (Men /Maine/ Eimen) of the Khazars married Bethoc (Beatrice) a daughter of King Malcolm I of Scots. His son Margad  (Morggan) became the first King of Moray in Scotland. After the suppression of  the Kingdom of Moray a branch of the family became the Mormaers of Mar. It is fitting that the Erskine family would later be given the Earldom of Mar. Janet Erskine (Countess of Stirling)'s great grandfather was Robert Erskine 4th Lord Erskine and the de jure 16th Earl of Mar.

Sir Henry Erskine of the early 13th century may have been the son-in-law or grandson rather than the son of Gilbert Mormaer of Mar. The Erskine claim to the Earldom was strengthened when Thomas Erskine married Janet Keith the daughter of Edward Keith the Great Marischal and Christian Monteith. Christian Monteith was the daughter of Lady Ellen of Mar whose father was Gartney the 7th Earl of Mar. Gartney's son Donald II was the 8th Earl of Mar and Regent of Scotland. Donald II died in 1332 and was succeeded by his son Thomas 9th Earl of Mar. Thomas had no children with his wife Margaret Stewart so he was succeeded by his sister Margaret as 10th Countess of Mar who by marriage was also the Countess of Douglas. She was succeeded by her daughter Isabel Douglas as the 11th Countess of Mar who died without children. The Earldom was for sometime in contention until it was settled on the Erskine family.

The wikipedia article on the Erskine Clan states: "... In 1435 Alexander Stewart, the Earl of Mar died and Sir Robert Erskine claimed the title. This also made him the chief of Clan Mar. However the King withdrew the earldom in 1457 stating that it could only belong to a Royal Stewart. Ten years later Sir Robert was created the first Lord Erskine. This unlawful succession was finally interrupted by Mary Queen of Scots, who saw that the rightful heir John Erskine, 17th Earl of Mar was restored..". 

From the Khazar Kings of Moray descended Cille Comgain King or Mormaer of Moray. His grandson Mael Snechtai King of Moray was the brother of  Princess Tul who married Ethelred Abbot of Dunkeld a son of King Malcolm III and St Margaret (whose mother Agatha was a Khazar Princess).  Princess Tul was the daughter of Lulach King of Scots (1057-1058) who was the son of Cille Comgain and his wife Lady Gruoch. Lady Gruoch (a granddaughter of Kenneth III of Scots) married secondly King Macbeth who was a son of  Findlaech King of Moray.

The Khazars were divided into two groups called the ruling White Khazars who were fairskinned, blue eyed and red haired and the Black Khazars who had dark hair and skin. The records also recalled that this group in Scotland and Ireland also were divided into fair skinned and haired foreigners and dark foreigners. Both the Davidic House descended from the red haired King David of Israel (of R1b ydna) and the Khazar kings descended from the red haired Esau (of R1a ydna) has caused an abundance of red heads among the Scottish and Irish.

Maternal Ancestry of Janet Erskine

1. Janet Erskine married William 1st Earl of Stirling

2.  Lady Joanna Montgomerie married Sir William Erskine (son of Sir James Erskine and Janet Alexander)
3. Mariota Seton married Hugh Montgomerie 2nd Earl of Eglinton
4. Lady Janet Hepburn married George Seton 3rd Lord Seton
5. Lady Janet Douglas married Patrick Hepburn Earl of Bothwell
6. Princess Joanna Stewart married James Douglas 1st Earl of Morton
7. Lady Joan Beaufort married James I King of Scots
8.Lady Margaret Holland (b.1382) married John Beaufort 1st Earl of Somerset
9. Alice FitzAlan (b.1350) married Thomas de Holland 2nd Earl of Kent
10. Lady Eleanor Plantagenet married Richard FitzAlan 10th Earl of Arundel
11.Matilda de Chaworth  (b.1285)married Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Lancaster
12. Lady Isabella de Beauchamp married Sir Patrick de Chaworth
13. Maud FitzJohn married William de Beauchamp 9th Earl of Warwick
14.Lady Isabel de Bigod (b.1212) married John FitzGeoffrey Lord of Shere
15. Lady Matilda Marshal (b.1192) married Hugh de Bigod 3rd Earl of Norfolk
16. Isabella de Clare Countess of Pembroke married Lord William Marshal
17. Princess Aiofe McMurrough of Leinster married Richard fitzGilbert de Clare 2nd Earl of Pembroke
18. Princess Mariota (Mor-i-Ta Alufa)  (b.1114) married Dermot King of Leinster son of Enna King of Leinster
19. Princess Cacht  (Chichak)of Leinster married King Muircetach (Murchad/Margad) of Dublin son of Dermot  King of Leinster son of  Donnchadh (Donald) King of Leinster
20. Princess Gormflaith of Leinster (b.1070) married  King Loigsech
21. Princess Cacht (Chichak) of Ireland married  Donnchadh (Donald) King of Leinster son of Margad (Murchada) King of Leinster and Dublin
22. Princess Ragnahild (Ragna/Ragnaill) of the Khazars  (sister of Margad Khazar King of Dublin and Leinster) married Donchadh (Donald) O'Brian King of Munster
23. Princess Ragna of Waterford and Dublin married Prince Shlomo (Solomon) of the Khazars

The Paternal Ancestry of Janet Erskine

1. Janet Erskine [Countess of Stirling]

2. Sir William Erskine of Saudie married Lady Joanna Montgomerie
3. Sir James Erskine of Saudie married Janet Alexander of Menstrie
4. Robert Erskine 4th Lord of Erskine  de jure15th Earl of Mar married Isabel Campbell
5. Alexander Erskine 3rd Lord Erkine  de jure14th Earl of Mar married Christian Crichton daughter of Sir Robert Crichton and Elizabeth Erskine (daughter of Sir John Erskine of Kinnoull)
6. Thomas Erskine 2nd Lord Erskine de jure 13th Earl of Mar married Janet Douglas
7. Sir Robert Erskine 1st Lord Erskine de jure 12th Earl of Mar married Lady Elizabeth Lindsay
8. Sir Thomas Erskine of that Ilk married Janet Keith the daughter of Edward Keith the Great Marischal of Scotland and Christian Monteith (daughter of  John Monteith and Lady Ellen of Mar)
9. Sir Robert Erskine of that Ilk married Beatrice de Lindsay
10. Sir William Erskine
11. Sir John Erskine
12. Sir John Erskine
13. Sir Henry Erskine Baron of Erskine (possibly the son-in-law or grandson rather than son of Gilbert)
14. Gilbert  (Gilchrist) 4th Earl of Mar (brother of William 5th Earl of Mar father of Donald 6th Earl of Mar (the father of Gartney 7th Earl of Mar)
15. Donnchadh (Donald/Duncan) 3rd Earl of Mar
16. Morgaurd (Margad/Morggan) 2nd Earl of Mar married Ada de Warrenne
17. Ruadhri  1st Earl of Mar
18. Gillocher Mormaer of Mar
19. Morgundus (Margad) Mormaer of Mar
20. Gratnach Mormaer of Mar
21. Mortachus (Morgad) Mormaer of Mar (brother of MacBeth (Bethad) King of Scots)
22. Mac Bethad King of Moray
23. Findlaech King of Moray (brother of Mael Brigte whose sons Malcolm and Cille Comgain were Kings or Mormaers of Moray) married Donada daughter of King Malcolm II of Scots
24. Ruadri King of Moray
25. Domnall (Donald) King of Moray
26. Margad (Morggan) Khazar King of Moray and Leinster married Sabina of Waterford (daughter of Ada of the Khazars daughter of King Joseph Cellach)
27 Prince Manesseh (Men/Maine/ Eimen) de jure Manessah III King of the Khazars (brother of David Khazar King of Taman) married Beatrice (Bethoc) daughter of King Malcolm I of Scots and Princess Fianna of Leinster daughter of Mael Morda of Leinster and Celmina of Calalus (daughter of Cadrod of Calalus)
28. Joseph Cellach King of the Khazars and Moray married Sabina of the Khazars

Saturday, April 21, 2012

Lord of the Isles and Genetics

Today Prince Charles as a descendant of James IV King of Scots holds the title of Lord of the Isles however in the past the MacDonalds held this title. They were forced by James IV to give up the Isles to the crown in 1505.

List of the Lords of the Isles

( Red = R1a ydna, Blue = R1b M222+ )

1. Donald I Mor (Domnall) 1st Lord of the Isles (died 1249) a grandson of Somerled (Shlomo) the Khazar Prince of r1a ydna who became King of the Isles married Mariota the daughter of Walter Stewart.

Donald inherited his father's lands of Kintyre and Islay in 1210. His father had been a devout Jew who had favoured the Church in his realm but Donald rebelled and followed the ways of his Khazar warrior ancestors by pillaging Derry in 1212 and he was involved with many uprising with and against his relatives. 

Around 1230 his cousin Dugald Screech attacked his Kingdom and seized it. He fled to the court and protection of King Alexander II of Scots and he had a strong religious conversion under the influence of his devout wife Mariota a daughter of Walter Stewart the 3rd High Steward of Scotland and his wife Bethoc a granddaughter of Henry, Earl of Huntingdon. He went on pilgrimage to Rome and Jerusalem (which was at this time restored to the crusaders (1243)) and managed on his return to take back his Kingdom in Islay and Kintyre by about 1245. He was succeeded to his now peaceful Kingdom by his older son Alexander.

2. Alexander I Mor (Alisdair) 2nd Lord of the Isles (b. 1232 r.1249-1256) a son of Donald I the 1st Lord of the Isles married Juliana daughter of Ewen Lord of Argyle.

Alexander I Mor maintained loyalty to the new Scottish King Alexander III of Scots when Alexander II died in 1249. His younger brother Angus joined his cousins Ewen and Dugald in opposing the Scottish King Alexander II after the death of Donald I Lord of the Isles. His cousin Ewen became reconciled with King Alexander III around 1255 and King Alexander III confirmed him as Earl of Argyle. At this time Ewen's devout Jewish daughter Juliana married Alexander I Mor Lord of the Isles.  Alexander's younger brother Angus of Islay succeeded him as King or Lord of the Isles.

3. Angus I Mor 3rd Lord of the Isles (b.1235 r.1256-1296) a younger brother of Alexander I the 2nd Lord of the Isles.

Angus was made the ruler of Islay by his brother Alexander I Lord of the Isles around 1254. He inherited the Kingdom of the Isles in 1256 on his brothers death. He married his brother's widow Juliana (according to Jewish law). He is often confused with his son of the same name. In 1263 his son was held hostage by Haakon IV of Norway to ensure his loyalty. King Alexander III of Scots came north and defeated Haakon in 1264. In 1266 the overlordship of the Isles (Hebrides) passed from the King of Norway to the King of Scots. King Alexander III confirmed Angus as the King of the Isles under his overlordship in the Treaty of Perth. In 1285 he took Rebecca the mistress of Prince Alexander and her three small children by the Prince into his care and married her as his much younger second wife. He was succeeded by his son Alexander by Juliana.

4. Alexander II Og (Alisdair Og) 4th Lord of the Isles (r.1296-1299) a son of Angus I the 3rd Lord of the Isles by his first wife Juliana.  He married Mariota the daughter of Prince Alexander of Scots and his mistress Rebecca of Flanders.

Alexander became the Lord of the Isles at the time when John Balliol abdicated and Scotland was to be thrust into a War of  Scottish Independence from England. He remained loyal to King John Balliol and to the English King Edward I Ironside. His younger half-brother Angus and the rest of Clan Donald were opposed to his loyalty to the English King and a war ensured against Alexander and in a battle in 1299 he was killed. He was succeeded by his half-brother Angus.

5. Angus II Og MacDonald (b.1286 r.1299-1320) 5th Lord of the Isles a son of Angus I Mor 3rd Lord of the Isles by his second wife Rebecca of Flanders.  He married Agnes (Agatha) of the Isles.

Angus II was elected head of Clan Donald after his half-brothers death and he was thus the Lord of the Isles. He was a supporter of Robert the Bruce and gave him refuge in 1306 when he was fleeing the English army. After Robert the Bruce became King he confirmed Angus as Lord of the Isles. He was succeeded by his nephew Angus III Og the son of his half brother John Alexander. Angus II and John Alexander shared the same mother Rebecca the Jewish mistress of Prince Alexander of Scots. Rebecca came with her  half-sister Princess Margaret (of Flanders) to Scotland (both daughters of Guy de Dampierre). 

6. Angus III Og MacAlexander (born 1300 r.1320-1330) 6th Lord of the Isles a son-in-law of Alexander II Og 4th Lord of the Isles. He was the son of John Alexander (illegitimate son of Prince Alexander of Scots and Rebecca of Flanders) and Lady Margaret Bruce (sister of King Robert the Bruce). Angus Og's son Ian Fraoch (by his mistress according to some) was the proven ancestor of the Glencoe MacDonald's of R1b y-dna.

Angus III succeeded his half-uncle Angus II as Angus II's son John was still young and Clan Donald wished to please the new King Robert the Bruce who was an uncle to Angus. Angus III carried the male bloodline (on the wrong side of the blanket) from the old Kings of Scotland of the Athol-Dunkeld Dynasty. Angus had a brother called Gilbert de Insula (of the Isles) who was granted land at Menstrie in 1330. Angus died at the age of about 30 and was suceeded by his cousin John the son of Angus II McDonald Lord of the Isles.

7. John I MacDonald (Ian/ Eoin) of Islay 7th Lord of the Isles (r.1330-1345) a son of Angus II Og 5th Lord of the Isles (ancestor of those of the MacDonald Clan McAlistair of r1a ydna) [first husband of Amie MacRory and father of her children]. He is the ancestor of Clan Ranald.

John was given even more territory to govern by David II but he was fickle in his loyalty switching back and forth between King David II and Edward Balliol. He then became a supporter of Robert Stewart (who eventually became the first Stewart/ Stuart King of Scotland as Robert II). He married Amie Ruiari (Mac Rory) the heiress of Clan Ruiari. He was succeeded by his cousin John II MacAlexander.

8. John II Alexander  (r.1345-1387) 8th Lord of the Isles a son of Angus III Og MacAlexander 6th Lord of the Isles (ancestor of those of the Macdonald Clan of MacAlistair of R1b-M222+ ydna) [second husband of Amie MacRory Lady of the Isles] who married secondly Princess Margaret Stewart (daughter of Robert II). From John II and Princess Margaret are the R1b M222+ MacAlistairs. Ian Fraoch and this John or Iain Alexander may be the same person.

John II Alexander continued his cousin's support of Robert Stewart. He also married his cousin's widow Amie and became the step-father to her children. In 1366 when King David II tried to raise a tax for his ransom, John rebelled and held out the longest. In a Treaty in 1369 John was reconciled to King David. King Robert II however decided to divide and conquer by granting certain parts of the Kingdom of the Isles to be inherited by the step-children of John (the children of his first wife Amie by his cousin John I McDonald) and the rest to John's own children by Princess Margaret Stewart. He was succeeded by his son Donald. 

9. Donald II ( born 1363 died 1423) 9th Lord of the Isles (r.1387-1423) a son of John II Alexander 8th Lord of the Isles who married Lady Mariota Leslie (b.1382) of Ross
Donald was at war with his younger brother John Mor who was his heir (taniste). John Mor was allied with the MacCleans and the war lasted many years until in 1395 John was defeated and retreated into exile in Ireland where he served Richard II. Donald's brother Alexander of Lochaber now became Donald taniste or heir to the Lordship of the Isles and they worked together to further the power of the Lordship of the Isles. Alexander became the protector or ruler of Moray and Donald claimed the Earldom of Ross on behalf of his wife who was the heiress of Ross. Donald was to fight with Robert Stewart the Duke of Albany over Ross.
10. Alexander III MacAlexander  10th Lord of the Isles (r.1423-1440) a brother of Donald II 9th Lord of the Isles. He is the ancestor of the Alexander family of Menstrie and Stirling.

Alexander as the taniste succeeded his brother Donald II as the Lord of the Isles. Historians often confuse him with his nephew Alexander IV who succeeded him. Alexander III was the Lord of the Isles and his nephew Alexander (IV) was his taniste and the Earl of Ross. They worked together against the Stewarts of Albany and were at first allied to King James I of Scots. They later after 1429 fell out with King James and went to war with him. In 1431 King James imprisoned Alexander the Earl of Ross and Alexander III fought and won the Battle of Inverlochy against the Earl of Mar with the help of Donald Balloch MacDonald the Chief of the MacDonald's of Dunnyveg.
11.  Alexander IV MacDonald 11th Lord of the Isles [b.1402 r.1440-1449] a son of Donald II 9th Lord of the Isles who married Elizabeth Seton (b.1416 d.1479) daughter of Sir Alexander Seton and Elizabeth Gordon

On the death of his uncle in 1440 Alexander III he succeeded to the Lordship of the Isles as well as being the Earl of Ross. Hugh of Sleat is often said to be his son but in fact Hugh (b.1452) was born after Alexander's death and was the son of his widow the dowager Lady of the Isles who remarried to Alexander MacDonald of Glengarry of the Ruari Clan. He was succeeded by his son John. 

12. John III MacDonald  (b.1434 r.1449-1480) 12th Lord of the Isles a son of Alexander IV 11th Lord of the Isles

13. Angus IV Og MacDonald (r.1480-1490) 13th Lord of the Isles a son of John III 12th Lord of the Isles

14. John IV MacDonald (b.1469 r.1490-1505) 14th Lord of the Isles a half-nephew of John III 12th Lord of the Isles and son of Hugh MacDonald of Sleat (1452-1498). In 1505 he signed a document under pressure giving the Lordship of the Isles to the Scottish Crown. He married Elizabeth Seton daughter of Sir Alexander Seton 1st Baron of Touch and Tullibody by his wife Elizabeth Erskine. Hugh of Sleat was not the son of Alexander IV Lord of Isles but of Alistair Mac Donald of Clan Ruari of Glengarry with Elizabeth Seton the widow of Alexander IV Lord of the Isles. Thus the descendants of Hugh MacDonald belong to R1a y-dna.

15. Mariota (Margaret) de jure heiress of the Isles the only child of John IV 14th Lord of the Isles who married Lord Andrew Alexander (1485-1526) of Menstrie de jure 15th Lord of the Isles a descendant of John II Alexander 8th Lord of the Isles

16. Donald III the Black (Dubh) the 16th Lord of the Isles (r.1526-1545) the son of  Angus IV Og Lord of the Isles. He was imprisoned in 1490 and he only truly became Lord of the Isles in 1545.

17. Alexander V Alexander (b.1505 r.1545-1564) de jure 17th Lord of the Isles a maternal grandson of John IV MacDonald 14th Lord of the Isles. He was the son of Andrew Alexander the de jure 15th Lord of the Isles. 

Note: Clan Macdonald have a faulty understanding of the ydna evidence due to the confusion of the paternity of Hugh MacDonald of Sleat who was a son of Alisdair (Alexander) MacDonald of Glengarry with Elizabeth Seton the widow of Alexander IV Lord of the Isles.  John III Lord of the Isles was a half brother to Hugh of Sleat through their mother. This confusion occurs with genealogists who don't know if Hugh's mother is the daughter of someone called Ruari or of Elizabeth Seton. The Ruairi (Rory) refers to Clan Ruari to which the Glengarry MacDonalds belong. With this adjustment it demonstrates that all five of the MacDonalds of R1a are descendants of Amy Ruari with her first husband John I MacDonald 7th Lord of the Isles son of Alexander (Alisdair) II Og MacDonald 4th Lord of the Isles. Amy's second husband with whom she had no children was John II MacAlexander 8th Lord of the Isles, his children by Margaret Stewart are the R1b MacDonalds and Alexanders.

Red presents the R1a ydna of the McDonald-Alisdair members of Clan Donald and Clan Alisdair and Blue presents the R1b M222+ McDonald-Alexander members of the Clan. William Alexander the 1st Earl of Stirling does not belong to R1a but to R1b-M222+.

see Mcdonald and Alexander: R1a and R1b

Tuesday, April 17, 2012

Sons of Aodh

Recently I have been invited to join a ydna study group called the sons of Aodh. This study is concerned with the ancestors of people with a number of related surnames such as Mc Eth, Mc Gee, Mackay etc. The name of Aodh is also known as Aedh or Hugh or Ethelred.

Wayne Mckey writes: "...There is some reason to support that MacAedh claimants to the Scottish Throne descended from the marriage of the heiress of Moray to Aethelred (rendered into Gaelic as Aedh), last Abbot of Dunkeld and first Earl of Fife, elder brother of King Alexander I and King David I, that as abbot he was debarred from the throne; and that he died in about 1128. She was a sister of Maelsnechtai, who died in 1085, last king of Moray of the house of Lorn, and who was also Chief of the clan Duff through her grandmother Queen Gruoch (the ‘Lady Macbeth’ of Shakespeare, heiress of the Fife royal line of King Duff (slain in 967 A.D.). In 1130, soon after the abbot’s sister’s son Angus, King of Moray, together with Malcolm MacAedh (called King David Ist nephew), probably Angus’s brother, in an attempt to gain the Scottish Throne from David I. But they were defeated by Norman mercenaries. The sons of Aedh, however, were by no means finished. Gillecoimded MacAedh, who was a highly placed witness to a charter c. 1131-1144, was probablyone of them. Malcolm MacAedh himself, called Jarl of Moray, by the Norsemen, married a sister of King Somerled of the Isles and is known to have had more than one son. He carried on the struggle until his eldest son Donald MacAedh was captured in 1156; then he was nominally reconciled to the King of Scots, and became Rael of Ross (northern Moray) until his death in 1168..."

Thus this study would seem to identify those descendants of R1b-M222+ (also known as the kin of Niall of the Nine Hostages)who descend from Niall through the Scottish Kings of the House of Dunkeld/Athol. I am not sure why I have been invited to join this group other than I belong to R1b-M222 and I have genetic matches with some Mc Gee and McGeehan on a genetic distance of 6 out of 67. I believe that I descend from the Alexander family (of Campbelltown and Stirling) via the Scottish Kings descended from King David I of Scots. If anything this would seem to confirm my belief that my branch (and the Alexanders and O'Reillys that I am closely related to genetically)is a Scottish branch of R-M222+ rather than an Irish branch. Of course the Scottish branch is originally Irish but not for a thousand years.

King David I died in 1153 and the sons of Aodh descend from his older brother Ethelred the Abbot of Dunkeld. The ydna results of the Sons of Aodh project would seem to confirm my opinion that the House of Dunkeld/Athol is of R-M222+ and confirms those historians who have always claimed that the House of Dunkeld /Athol were descended on the male line from the Irish Kings of Mide (Meath).

I await the further conclusions of this ydna group on this branch of the kin of High -King Niall of the Nine Hostages with interest. I have been gratified that many different studies on dna seem to be confirming what I have claimed for many years even before this era of dna studies began. I am also open to changing my views if the ydna evidence proves conclusively that my theories were wrong.

While it is possible that the Mackay's come from Ethelred the Abbot of Dunkeld on the direct male line, I think it is likely that the male line comes from Angus Dubh Mackay. Angus was the grandson of the Donald MacKay (through his daughter not his son) who died in 1370. Angus Dubh MacKay was a son of Margaret MacKay who married Hugh (or Aodh) the son of John Alexander Lord of the Isles and his wife Princess Margaret Stewart (Stuart). This would mean that Angus Dubh MacKay was descended from Ethelred through a maternal line but paternally from the Alexander family descended from the illegitimate son of Prince Alexander MacAlexander. If this is this case then my ydna would be alot closer to that of the MacKays as our common ydna ancestor would have lived in the 14th century rather than the 11th century. Angus Dubh Mackay's wife Elizabeth  (MacDonald) was a granddaughter of John of the Isles and Margaret Stewart rather than a daughter as related in some genealogies.

It would also seem that history has confused Elizabeth MacKay the wife of Angus Dubh MacKay with Margaret Mackay the mother of Angus Dubh Mackay. Donald Mackay the father of Margaret Mackay is the direct male line descendant of Ethelred the Abbot of Dunkeld. Of course they are both of ydna R-M222+ and descended from the ancient Kings of Scotland and Ireland. The MacGee or McGhee are branches of the MacKay /Mac Eth family who went to Ireland. Further ydna research may clear up if the McGee are descended from Angus MacKay's father Hugh (or Aodh) or whether they descend from the Mackay's descended on the direct male line from Ethelred (Aodh). It is of course possible that some come from both lineages.

The I ydna Mackays would seem to descend from Sinheag Mackay also a sister of Angus Mackay the 5th Chief. She married Iye MacNeill whose Norse ancestor married into the MacNeills of Barra. They were the parents of Neill and Morgan Mackay and the ancestors of those Mackays of I ydna.

Note 1: "...The Alexander family claimed descent from the McDonald Lord of the Isles. Donald Lord of the Isles and his son Angus Mor were direct male line descendants of Somerled. It would seem that Somerled has a partially false genealogy and is actually descended from the Khazar Jews of Eastern Europe. DNA testing revealed that the descendants of Somerled belonged to haplotype R1a but the Alexander family belong to R1b. There are two Angus Og's. One is Angus Og MacDonald the younger son of Angus Mor MacDonald by his second Jewish wife Rebecca of Flanders. The second is Angus Og MacAlexander who was the son-in-law of Alexander Mor MacDonald by his daughter Agnes. The names of Angus and Agnes obviously confused earlier genealogists. Angus Og MacAlexander’s parents were John Alexander and Margaret Bruce (sister of Robert I King of Scots). John Alexander was the illegitimate son of Alexander macAlexander son of King Alexander III of Scots, by his Jewish mistress Rebecca the illegitimate half sister of Prince Alexander's wife Margaret of Flanders. Rebecca later married Angus Mor MacDonald thus making her the step-mother of Alexander Og MacDonald ...John Alexander Lord of the Isles married as his first wife Amy the widow of his cousin Lord John of Islay (the son of Angus II Mac Alisdair). In the genealogies his step-children are listed as his sons by this first wife. The MacDonald descendants of Amy are in fact of the R1a lineage of Somerled whereas the sons of John Alexander Lord of the Isles and Margaret Stewart are of the R1b lineage of the Niall clan. Some of the Scottish Alexanders who are of R1a descend from Alisdair the son of Donald Lord of the Isles and others of the R1b from John Alexander Lord of the Isles..." It is important to see that John Lord of the Isles and John of Islay are two closely related but different personages who historians and genealogists have mistakenly made into one personage. The study of dna has helped immensely in sorting out the origins of these families.

Note 2: Historians note that Gilbert de Insula (Gilbert of the Isles)was granted lands in Stirling in 1330. Some genealogists now think the Alexanders of Menstrie were descended from Gilbert. I would agree that they do descend from Gilbert but not on the direct male line. Thomas Alexander de Menstrie (1420-1506) was the son of Alexander Alexander and Elizabeth MacDonald. It is Elizabeth that descends from Gilbert de Insula. She is the daughter of Robert MacDonald who in turn is the son of Angus MacDonald the son of John MacAlexander son of Gilbert de Insula. Gilbert de Insula was a son of John Alexander (MacAlexander) the illegitimate son of Prince Alexander of Scots and his Jewish mistress Rebecca of Flanders. Thomas of Menstrie's father Alexander Alexander is the son of Alexander MacAlexander who in turn is the son of ydna r1b-M222+ John Alexander Lord of the Isles by his wife Princess Margaret Stewart of Scots.

Note 3: Malcolm MacEth is sometimes confused with Malcolm Mac Alexander who was an illegitimate son of Alexander I of Scots. His son was Gillespic or Archibald the founder of the Campbell family of Menstrie.

Ancestry of the Mackay Clan from the House of Dunkeld/Athol
1. King Malcolm III of Scots married St Margaret
2. Prince Ethelred (Aodh/Aedh/Heth) Abbot of Dunkeld (brother of King David I of Scots and King Alexander I of Scots)married Princess Tul of Scots
3. Prince Angus MacEth Earl of Moray (claimant to the Scottish throne)
4. Lord Malcolm MacEth [b.1122] Earl of Moray and Ross married Agatha a sister of Somerled
5. Lord Donald MacEth [b.1146]
6. Lord Kenneth MacEth
7. Lord Aodh (Iye)Magnus MacEth of Strathnaver Chief of Clan MacKay
8. Lord Iye Mor MacKay 2nd Chief of Clan MacKay married Agatha of the Isles daughter of Donald I Lord of the Isles
9. Lord Donald MacKay [b.1265]3rd Chief married a sister of Lord Aodh Earl of Ross
10. Lord Aodh (Iye) MacKay 4th Chief
11. Lord Donald MacKay of Strathnaver married Margaret daughter of Angus II Og MacDonald by his wife Agnes 
12. Lady Margaret (Mariota) MacKay (sister of Angus MacKay 5th Chief) married Lord Hugh (Aodh)Alexander son of John Alexander Lord of the Isles and Princess Maragret Stewart of Scots
13. Lord Angus Dubh MacKay 6th Chief married Lady Elizabeth daughter of  Donald Lord of the Isles and his wife Lady Mariota of Ross

The Maternal Jewish ancestry of  Lady Elizabeth Mac Donald wife of Lord Angus Dubh Mackay

1. Rabbi Samuel de Dampierre (of Khazar Jewish ancestry)
2. Yochebed (Sybille) de Dampierre the Jewish mistress of Guy II de Dampierre
3. Rebecca of Flanders (the Jewish mistress of Prince Alexander of Scots) married Angus Mor MacDonald (the MacDonalds are descendants of Somerled who is of Khazar Jewish ancestry)
4. Mariota Alexander married Alexander II Og MacDonald
4. Agnes MacDonald married Angus III Og Alexander Lord of the Isles [b.1300]
5 Mary MacDonald/ Alexander married William III Earl of Ross
6. Euphremia Countess of Ross married Sir Walter Leslie
7. Lady Mariota of Ross married Donald Lord of the Isles
8. Lady Elizabeth MacDonald married Lord Angus Dubh Mackay

The  Khazar and Jewish Maternal Ancestry of Lady Mariota Mackay

1. Lady Mariota Mackay married Lord Hugh (Aodh) Alexander
2. Lady Margaret MacDonald married Lord Donald Mackay
3. Lady Agnes MacDonald married Angus II Og MacDonald
4.  Lady Margaret Mackay married Eachann (Hector) MacDonald of the Isles a son of Alexander I Mor MacDonald
5. Lady Agatha of the Isles (b.1238) married Lord Iye Mor Mackay
6.  Lady Marjory (Mariota) Stewart married Donald I Lord of the Isles
7. Lady Beatrix (Bethoc) of Angus (b.1200) married Walter Stewart
8. Lady Marjory (Mariota) of Caithness (b.1180) married Gilchrist Earl of Angus
9. Lady Gormflaith MacEth (b.1150) married Harald II of Caithness
10. Lady Agatha of the Isles (b.1132) married Malcolm MacEth Earl of Moray and Ross
11. Princess Bride of Dublin and the Isles (b.1115) married Gilli (Gilead) King of the Hebrides
12. Lady Gormflaith (b.1098) married Olaf Magnusson  (b.1099 d.1117) Prince of Norway and Dublin
13. Princess Bride of Dublin and Man married Solomon ha Khagan the Khazar Prince of Dublin son of King Margad the Khazar King of Dublin and Queen Suthen the widow of King Duncan I of Scots
14. Lady Ragna of Dublin and Waterford married Echmarcach King of Dublin and Man son of Prince Margad of the Khazars and his wife Sabina (daughter of Prince Ragnall of Waterford)
15. Princess Ragna of Dublin and Waterford married Shlomo Prince of the Khazars
16. Princess Rogneda of Russia married Ragnall II King of Waterford
17. Lady Rogneda of Polatsk (962-1002) married Vladimir the Great of Russia
18. Princess Agatha of the Khazars (b.945) married Ragnvald (Ragnall) of Polatsk and Waterford son of Prince Ivar of Waterford (d.950)
19. Lady Mariota of Hungary married Aharon II King of Khazaria
20. Princess Men of Bihar and Khazaria married Duke Zoltan of Hungary
21. Princess Adiva of England and Mercia (b.876) married Menumarot (Menachem) King of Bihar and Khazaria
22. Princess Ealswitha of Mercia (b.852) married Alfred the Great King of England
23. Lady Eadburga of Mercia (b.830) married Ethelred Mucil Lord of the Gaini
24. Lady Elfleda (b.808) married Wigmund King of Mercia
25.  Queen Redburga (b.787) married Egbert King of England (son of King Egbert II of Kent and Saxony and Ida of Autun(daughter of Theodoric II (Aumery/Nehemiah/Namen) of Septimania)
26.  Lady Tora Ragnhild (b.772) married Halfdan  (762-830)Margrave of Frisia and Jutland
27.  Princess Alfhild of Lethra (b.756) married Sigurd Ring
28. Princess Hilda of Lethra (b.740) married Hernaut de Gironde (Harald Hildetand) a son of Machir Todros of Narbonne King of the Jews
29. Lady Erica (Eirikur) of Hesbaye (b.725) married Ivar the Wide Fathom King of Lethra 
30. Princess Landree of Franks (b.708) married Lord Sigrand (Ingram/Angar) of Hesbaye
31. Lady Rotrud (Ruth/Schwanhilde) of Hesbaye (690-724) married Charles Martel (686-741)
32. Princess Ruth (Rotrud) of the Franks (b.670) married Lievin (Levi/Luitvin)of Hesbaye Bishop of Treves Guardian of the Grail Platter
33. Lady Doda of Metz and Potiers (b.650) married  Chrodobertus II King of Neustria
34. Lady Kunza of Metz  (b.630)married  Warin (Aaron) count de Poiters
35. Lady Sigrade (b.612)married Clodule of Metz Guardian of the Grail
36. Lady Dode of Franks (b.595) married Arnold (Aron ha Aluf) of Metz
37.  Lady Bertrude (Judith) of Metz (b.579)[ sister of Aumeric (Ricaumer) Davidic Nasi of France] married King Clothaire II of Franks
38. Lady Geberge (b.545) married Leutharius (Levi) of Metz son of Arimandus (Archenbald)
39. Ava ha Geveret [sister of Ida(Ithiel Hayyim) King of Bernicia]  married Omer (Aumer) ha Ari of Sarras Guardian of the Grail Platter son of Galahad Guardian of the Grail
40. Lady Gertrude (Givirah Judi/ Queen of the Jews) [who is also known as Lady Ava (Abba/ Eobba/ Abiane)] who married Aumeric (Ricaumer/Eormenric)(b.520) Jewish King of Kent [who is also known as Mar Amorai (Amr/Amwlad/Mordred) of Babylon and Calalus the son of King Arthur Mor of Britain.] 
41. Lady Dindaine (Dode/Dudu) married Percival (Peredur) Knight and Guardian of the Grail
42. Lady Blanchfleur Dindaine married Vahan the Wolf (Kayl) of Armenia
43. Lady Corun (Ciarra/ Ciaron) of Gwent  (b.460) married Nathan Todros (Tudwal) Jewish King in Britain
44. Lady Deurig married Erbin King of Gwent (of the Gewisse)
45. Lady Corun of Ireland (sister of Niall of the Nine Hostages) (b.c420)married Nathan Mar (Tewdfalch/ Nathan Morbet/ Meurig/ Thoedosius) King of Gwent and Picts
46. Lady Corun of Britian married Eochaidh Mugmedon High King of Ireland
47. Lady Scota (born c.380) married Mar Chasdai (Chasdubh) of Spain and Gododdin son of Nathan II Babylonian Exilarch
48. Lady Seng married Rafael X Rosh Galuta Scotti (King of Goddodin)
49. Lady Scota (b.345) married Cionga King of Argyle
50. Nissiya Esther (Earca) of Babylon  (b.342)married Rafael VIII Votepacus Rosh Galuta Scotti (King of Goddodin) son of Rafael VII Nathan (Tegfan)
51. Mari Ada (Lady Adah) [ circa b.320] married Abba Mari Babylonian Exilarch
52. Mara Esther of Gododdin (b.302) married King Heber of Gothia in Sweden
53. Lady Adah (b.284) married Rafael V Naftali (Telpuil) King of Gododdin
54 Lady Scota (sister of the Exilarch Nehemiah) married Mar Jacob of Babylon
54.  Lady Esther of Babylon (b.240) married Rafael IV Heber (Erbin/Urban) King of Gododdin (b.239)
55. Lady Ada Shoshanah (b.223)  married Mar Nathan I Ukba Babylonian Exilarch
56. Lady Aine (Ethne) (b.206) married Cairbre Lifchair of Riata (Rhoda)
57. Lady Ailbhe (b. 190) married Finn Mac Cool (Cumhaill/Camelon) son of Nathan Mar Ukba I (Nudd /Nectan) Exilarch
58. Lady Ethne (Ada) (b. 173)married Huna (Kynan) a British Jewish Christian prince
59. Lady Sabina (Sabh)  (b.155 AD) married Olioll Olum Glas (Olum Fodla) King of Munster
60. Lady Ethne (Nessiya Ada) ( born 135 AD) married the Red Heber Lord Conn of the Hundred Battles
61. Mari Cathair (Cairon) (b.115 AD) married Athal (Ethal) Anubal of the Rhodans
62. Lady Fedlimid Fafertach of Alba (sister of Tuathal Teachmar (Mar Ptolomy of Caledonia) (b.99 AD)married Mag Corb King of Laigin
63. Lady Ethne Imgel (Mother of the Gaeli/Edna/Adona) (born circa 78 AD) married Fiachu of Alba (Gadeni) son of Mar Phares (Celidoine/Lord of the Culdees)
64.  Adona (Dana /Dona /Lady /Domnu) (born 55 AD)married Zerah Adon Glas (Zerah Lord of Glastonbury /Aodh /Aed /Aidan /Elderus/ Sallog)
65. Julia Nero (St. Eurgen (Johanna)) [b.35]married St.Philologus the Rosh Golus of Avalon (Glastonbury/ Sallog)
65. Lady Julia Agrippina married Emperor Nero
66. Vipsania Julia Octavia Agrippina Major DiRoma married Germanicus Julius Ceasar of Rome
65. Julia Augusta Major of Rome married Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa
66. Lady Scribonia Libo married Emperor Augustus
67. Sentia (Scota of Hibernia) Jewish Milesian Princess married Lucius Scribonius Libo of Libya in Africa
68. Tamar XVIII of Brigantia Domnu -Our Lady of the Forest (Silva) married Mar Isaac of Sumer (Somerset)

Note: Many historians are unclear who was the father of King Egbert of England. Ealhmund was added to the older documents by a later hand and seemed to be an effort by later scholars to link Egbert with the Kings of Kent. I believe that Egbert was the son of Egbert II of Kent. Egbert II of Kent shared the throne with Ealhmund of Kent (who may have been his brother) in the later part of his reign. Egbert II went into  exile to the court of Charlemagne around 789 where he married Ida of Autun a daughter of Theodoric II (Nehemiah) King of Septimania and soon after she gave birth to Prince Egbert. Egbert spent 13 years in the Frankish Empire when he returned to England in 802 and became King of Wessex with the support of Charlemagne who was now the new Holy Roman Emperor.  Around 806 he married Redburga the daughter of Halfdan the Margrave of Frisia and Jutland. Egbert's father Egbert II remained as a Saxon Duke and exiled King in France where he died in 811. Egbert of Wessex was a maternal grandson of Ava (Eve/Eaba/ Alba) a granddaughter of Prince Ingild of Wessex (brother of King Ine of Wessex).