Saturday, December 22, 2012

Royal Assyrians: I-M170 ydna

File:Haplogroup I (Y-DNA).PNG

In a past blog I discussed how Immanuel Velikovsky associated the Royal Assyrians with the Sarmatians of Europe. I also date the Fall of the First Jewish Temple to 465-460 BC (the traditional Jewish date is 425-21 BC) rather than the date accepted by modern writers of 586-7 BC. Thus I date the fall of the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel and their carting away by the Assyrians to around 600 BC (Accepted Chronology date 721 BC). The Fall of Assyria I date to around 490 BC.

These Royal Assyrians belonged mainly to the I-M170 y-dna haplogroup and geneticists now believe that it originated in the Middle East (West Asia). There are still remnants of I-M170 y-dna in the Middle East today. Wikipedia states: "It represents nearly one-fifth of the population of Europe. It can be found in the majority of present-day European populations. Haplogroup I-M170 Y-chromosomes have also been found among some populations of the Near East, the Caucasus, Northeast Africa and Central Siberia."

The Royal Assyrians pushed the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel (R1b-ydna) out of Samara who moved Westward and were known as the Scythians by the ancients. The Assyrians became known as the Sarmatians and then the Scythian-Sarmatians (but as the Assyr and Asas among themselves).  The Israelites (R1b y-dna) moved further West and into South Western Europe (Gaul and Iberia). The Assyrian-Sarmatian-Scythians were fierce horsemen and seemed to have two main divisions those of darker features and those of Nordic yellow-blonde hair. A Wikipedia article on the Sarmatians states: "...Sarmatian noblemen often reached 1.70-1.80m (5ft 7ins-5ft 11ins) as measured from skeletons, and they had sturdy bones, long hair and beards.
The Alans who were a group of Sarmatian tribes according to the Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus "Nearly all the Alani are men of great stature and beauty, their hair is somewhat yellow, their eyes are frighteningly fierce...".

Some writers believe there was a Sarmatian State in South Eastern Germany and Bohemia (Czech) made up of the White Serbs and the White Croats. At some stage they moved South into present day Croatia, Bosnia and Serbia. However this state that contained the ancestors of the Serbs and Croats (I-M423) may have been slightly further east in the areas of modern day Austria, Slovakia and Hungary. However there may have been a Western Sarmatian State in Southern Germany (I-M-223) that extended into France and Northern Germany. However there would seem to be an earlier state of Sarmatians in Northern Germany which belonged mainly to the clan of I-P37.2 (descended from I-M438) an ancestor of I-M423. Both I-M423 and I-M223 descend from I-M438 (whose origin is from the Eastern European lands of the Sarmatian-Scythians).

The Sarmatians after they left Samara settled near the Azov and Black Seas. It is believed that the Great Sarmatian or Asas warrior called Odin or Woden led his yellow-haired warriors from the region of the Sea of Azov to the region of North Western France where he married a Trojan Frankish (Rujis-Franks) Princess Frea (Freya) in the 3rd century AD. They established a settlement in Northern Italy as the Allemani or Alans. These Asas-Sarmatians (Assir) belonged to I-M253. It was in France in the 3rd century that Odin's people took the name Normans or Norsemen. After the Romans reestablished order towards the beginning of the 4th century many of these Sarmatian-Normans moved outside the bounds of the Roman Empire into Southern Denmark. From  Southern Denmark they attacked the Goths pushing them to flee to the East. They eventually established their Norsemen or Viking rule over the whole of Scandinavia. 

In the Baltic the predominate y-dna is N y-dna which comes from the Tribe of Naphtali. Naphtali's descendants formed the base of the converted Jewish Kingdom of Naphtali in Asia. They moved into Europe and today are found mainly in the Baltic states and Finland. Most of Russia and Eastern Europe are dominated by the Josephite R1a Y-dna haplogroup.

However it would seem that the Norsemen were allied with those descended from the Lost Tribes of Israel R1b y-dna [R1b U-106 (Issachar and Zebulon) and R1b-P-312 (Jutes/ Judah)]. The I-ydna of Scandinavia is almost all I-M253. Today Scandinavia, Northern Germany and the Balkans have large percentages of these Assyrians. For many years I was influenced by the British Israelite writers to believe that the Scandinavians were mostly Israelites and the Germans Assyrian. However it would seem that it is only the northern Germans that have a large percentage of Assyrian y-dna and the nations of Sweden, Norway, Finland and Iceland also have strong dominant Assyrian y-dna. However it would seem that Southern Norway and Denmark are more strongly Israelite. Germany as a whole is more Israelite (R1b) than Assyrian today. England itself also has almost as high a percentage of I-ydna as does Germany.

The period between the First Temple and the Messiah being cut off is 490 years according to the prophecy of the 70 weeks of Daniel 9. The Rabbis moved the end of the First Temple's destruction by 40 years in order to make the 490 years end in 70 AD at the time of the destruction of the Second Temple. The Second Temple began to be rebuilt after 400-390 BC (after 360-350 BC according to the Rabbinic revision). The 62 weeks is 434 years from the rebuilding of the Temple until the cutting off of the Messiah. The Second Temple thus stood for about 460-480 years.
[edited November 10 2013]

Thursday, November 29, 2012

Julia and Claudia: Roman Jewish British Princesses

The marriage of Claudia and Pudens

The Roman Imperial names of Julia and Claudia are both mentioned in the writings of St Paul in the New Testament.  Julia is mentioned in Romans 16:15 "Salute Philologus (and Julia Nerea) and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints which are with them." Claudia is mentioned in 2 Timothy 4:21 "Make haste to come before winter Eubulus and Pudens, and Linus and Claudia, and all the brethren, salute thee..Also according to Christian tradition the wife of Pontius Pilate was also called  St Claudia Procula. 

St Paul's Claudia is the wife of Pudens (also called Rufus Pudens by some) a Roman officer in Britain who served with General Aulus Plautius. Claudia is believed by British legends and traditions to have been the adopted daughter of the Emperor Claudius and the actual daughter of the British King Caractacus (Caradoc). She has been associated with the Claudia known as Claudia Peregrina (the Foreigner) and Claudia Rufina (the red haired) who married Aulus Pudens. Her brother Linus (Llyn) was the second Bishop of Rome the successor of St Peter. Others believe that she may have been a relative of Tiberius Claudius Cogidubnus (or Togidumnus) King of the Regnoi (Regnenses) and Catevaullani. Thus the story of her adoption by the Emperor Claudius may have been confused with the adoption of Venus Julia by the Emperor Claudius. It would seem that two Claudias who are aunt and niece have been confused as they both married into the Pudens family. 

St Paul preaching to King Caractacus and his father Bran the Blessed

The article on Wikipedia about Cogidubnus states: 
"In the Chichester inscription, the first two letters of the king's native name, given in the genitive case, are missing. It is usually reconstructed as "Cogidubnus", following the majority of manuscripts of Tacitus, but some, including Charles E Murgia believe "Togidubnus" is the more linguistically correct form. The Roman names "Tiberius Claudius" indicate that he was given Roman citizenship by the emperor Claudius, or possibly by Nero, and probably not, as has been suggested, that he was related to Claudia Rufina, a woman of British descent whose marriage to Aulus Pudens in Rome in the 90s is mentioned by the poet Martial.

He is nearly contemporary with Togodumnus, a prince of the Catuvellauni tribe mentioned by Dio Cassius,and the similarity of their names has led some, including Dr Miles Russell of Bournemouth University and the distinguished archaeologist professor Barry Cunliffe of Oxford University, to suggest that they may be one and the same, thereby making the Fishbourne king a son of Cunobelinus and brother of Caratacus. However the sources do not appear to support this: according to Dio, Togodumnus was killed in 43 in the early stages of the Roman conquest of Britain, while Tacitus says that Cogidubnus remained loyal to Rome as a client king into the later part of the 1st century. It is of course not unusual for two people to have similar names (cf. Dubnovellaunus). As the Chichester inscription supports Tacitus, Cunliffe's interpretation would appear to imply an error in Dio'sRoman History or in its transmission, and some, including John Hind, have argued that Dio misinterpreted his sources as reading that Togodumnus had died when he had merely been defeated..."
If Togodumnus and Cogidubnus were the same person then he is the brother of Caractacus which would make him an uncle to Claudia. Togodumnus and Caractacus' sister Gladys is said to have married the Roman General in Britain Aulus Plautius and she took the Roman name of Pomponia Graecina. According to British tradition Arviragus married the daughter of the Emperor Claudius called Venus Julia. This may have been an adopted daughter of the Emperor Claudius. Arviragus is believed by some to be a brother of Caractacus or Caractacus himself. Arviragus thus being a title for Caractacus. It may been a British version of the name and title Augustus. 

King Caractacus before the Emperor Claudius
Caractacus's father Cunobelinus is said to have been educated in Rome at the time of the Emperor Augustus. The Emperor Augustus had a daughter Julia the Elder who firstly married Marius Claudius Marcellus. Her daughter by Marius she sent in secret to be fostered in Britain when she married Agrippa. This daughter Claudia married Cunobelinus King of Britain with whom she had grown up with. This may explain why Cunobelinus as a grandson-in law of Augustus Ceasar spent time in Rome. St Claudia Procula the wife of Pontius Pilate may have been a granddaughter of Julia the Elder rather than her daughter. She may have been the sister of Pomponia Graecia Plautius. It also explains why these British Kings and Princesses were considered suitable marriage partners for those of Roman Imperial blood. It also explains why these British captives were accorded a different fate to other captive royalty in Rome.

St Claudia Procula the wife of Pontius Pilate
Another of these British Royal sisters of Imperial Roman ancestry may have been Julia mentioned by St Paul whose husband St Philologus was one of the 70 disciples and the Bishop of Sinope. Sinope is said to be in Scythia on the Black Sea but the legends of St Andrew often confuse Scythia in the East and Scotia in the West. St Andrew was martyred in Scotland (Alban) by the Picts (Agathysri). Philologus may have also been a Bishop in Britain rather than Scythia. It is interesting that one legend associates the birthplace of Pontius Pilate with Scotland.  However Julia mentioned in the Greek text may also be read as Julia Nerea and "the sister of him" may refer to a sister of Philologus. Nerea is the Greek feminine of  the Latin Nero or the Greek Nereus. In Latin the feminine does not change but remains as Nero. Therefore Julian Nerea in Greek becomes Julia Nero in Latin. Thus she is most likely a princess of the reigning Julian-Claudian-Nero Dynasty of Imperial Rome. Sinope may refer to ancient Salisbury (Sorviodunum) and the Silures. Both Julia and Nerea are feminine names and Philologus and Olympas are male. The Orthodox Eastern Church reveres St Olympas as a male saint who was a follower of St Peter and was beheaded at the same time as Peter. Thus the "Him" of "sister of Him" could refer to Philologus or possibly Olympas.

It is also possible that this Julia Nero refers to the Julian lady Nerea who is the "sister of himself" (the Emperor Nero). Paul not needing to refer to the Emperor by name as it was a commonly known fact in the Christian community but possibly dangerous to write about too directly. This Julia Nero as sister of the Emperor Nero would be a daughter of the Roman Empress Julia Agrippina the Younger a granddaughter of Julia the Elder. If this was the correct line then the story of Rabbi Meir being related to the Emperor Nero would be even more plausible as he would be the grandson of Nero's sister. It would seem that historians may have combined two different sisters of Nero -Julia Nerea and Julia Livilla into one. The emperor Claudius adopted the children of his fourth wife the Empress (Julia) Agrippina the Younger after their marriage in 49 AD.

Philologus means Lover of the Word and may be the Roman name for a brother of "Brother (ach =brother) Phares" or "Phares ha Dayag" (dag =fish, dayag =fisher or fisherman (Feradach/ Feradag). Phares founded the Jewish Christian Exilarchy in the Goloddyn (Gododdin) area of Northern Britain.  Julia may be known as St Eurgen (Johanna) and Philologus may be Phares of Camelon's brother Adon Zerah the Lord of the Golus (Exile) and the Fisher King. Read backwards Golus (Galut)gives the name of Sulog (or Sallog or Tulog). Glas from Glastonbury (Glas Isle) also refers to the name Golus (Glas). It would seem that soon after the marriage of Philologus and his wife Julia Nero they went to Rome and became leading missionaries there and firm friends with St Paul. After the death of Bran (Bron) the Blessed the Fisherking they returned to Britain where Philologus became the next Fisher King or Lord of the Golus at Avalon (Apple Isle).

Barry Dunford writes
"From out of remote Glen Lyon, the longest glen in Scotland, has come an intriguing oral tradition that Pontius Pilate was born in the hamlet of Fortingall, which lies at the entrance to this dramatic and picturesque highland glen. This ancient tradition also claims that Pontius Pilate was related to the Scots King, Metallanus, whose royal seat was located on a hill fort called Dun Geal (the White Fort) at Fortingall.

According to the ancient Scots Chronicles, Metallanus was on good terms with the government of Caesar in Rome. Local tradition records a Roman camp at Fortingall and perhaps a clue as to its presence there may be found in the Latinised name of the Scots King, Metallanus. For it is known that the mining of metal ores, such as iron, took place in this area in past times and no doubt the Romans would have been particularly interested in accessing these metals. In nearby Glen Lyon is to be found an old bridge which traditionally has been known as the Roman Bridge.

Could Pontius Pilate have eventually come to Rome as a result of this Scottish Roman connection? Later being appointed the Roman Procurator of Judea at the time of the crucifixion of Christ. Curiously, one of the oldest military regiments in the British Army is the Royal Scots, who claim to be descended from Pontius Pilate's bodyguard, thus providing another Scoto-Roman link with the Pilate Scottish enigma.

At Caesaria in Palestine is to be found an ancient stone slab which is called the Pilate Stone due to a Latin inscription inscribed upon it which appears to read "Hiberieum Pontius Pilatus". At the time of Pilate the gaelic northerly regions of the British Isles, including Ireland, were known to the Romans as Hibernia....".

It would seem that the St Andrew Legend's King Miridates has been confused with this Scottish King Metallanus. Old traditions and legends associate the Ancient British Royal family with both the Imperial Julian dynasty as well as the family of St. Joseph of Arimathea as Jewish Christian Exilarchs (Rosh Galuta /Guletic) or Fisher Kings (Dag Adon/ Dagda). This Dynasty of St Joseph of Arimathea also became established in Scotland under their own Jewish Christian Exilarchs known as Raphaels (Refill) or Healing Lords of Scotia. The custom of anointing Jewish Christian Kings come from this Davidic Dynasty. We know that in 574 King Aedan (the father of Arthur of Dal Riata King of Gwent) was anointed King by St Columba. King Aeden was descended from these Scottish Davidic Exilarchs in the direct male line as was his uncle High-King Arthur Mor of Britain.  St Columba himself was a descendant of the Irish branch of the Davidic Royal family.

It would also seem that Caractacus (possibly to be identified with Tiberius Claudius Catuarus) son of Cunobelinus ( Chuna Beli Mar) and Claudia Marcella has been confused with Caradoc the son of Bran the Blessed ( Hebron/ Bron)) who married Anna the great-granddaughter of St Joseph of Arimathea. Bran is the son of Llyr a son of Caractacus and his wife Lady Venus Julia Nero. He is also known as Bron the Fisherking (Dagda). Anna's father Heli was a Fisher King and grandson of St Joseph of Arimathea.

Historians find it hard to place Venus Julia as a daughter of the Emperor Claudius. It is more likely that she was the adopted daughter of the Emperor. King Metallanus of Scotland (Glen Lyon or Lugdunum) seems to be descended from the Drusus and Metellus families of the Roman Nobles that had set up a Roman -based Iron mining colony in Britain, just as the family of St Joseph of Arimthea and King Cunobelinus (who were paternally related) had set up a mining colony in southern Britain. It is most likely that Venus Julia was a daughter of King Metallanus. Another Livia Metella daughter of King Metallanus was said to be the mother of Pontius Pilate.

King Metallanus (Marcus Livius Metellus) of Lugdunum in Scotland was the son of King Gormac (Gauis Livius Metellus) who in turn was the son of King Dothan (Denter Livius Metellus). Dothan was the son of King Durstus (Marcus Livius Drusus) and Caecilia Metella. Lugdunum in Gaul was named after Lugdunum in Scotland. It is possible that the Emperor Claudius was not born in the Gaulish Lugdunum but in the Scottish Lugdunum. This may be why Claudius put so much effort into the conquest of his birthplace and renamed his son Germanicus as Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus after his conquest in 43 AD. 

As we see Princess (Gladys) Claudia Rufina was entitled to bear the name Claudia without any adoption by the Emperor as her family used the gens Claudius in the Roman version of their names. The name of the British city and area of Regnenses or Regnoi was named in honour of the Claudii name Regillensis. The Roman Patrician Tiberius Claudius Regillensis came to Britain in the 2nd century BC and married Johanna the daughter of the Jewish Exilarch Prince (Mar) Joseph (Josina) of Babylon and Sumer (Somerset) and his wife Princess Janna (Johanna) of Judea. Their daughter Claudia married Nathan I the Babylonian Exilarch and Ruler of Sumer (Somerset) who was the son of Mar Isaac of Sumer and his wife Tamar (for whom the Tamar river was named). 

Nascien (Nathan) on Solomon's Ship coming to Britain

Nathan also used the Roman title Tiberius Claudius Regillensis. Nathan's son Solomon II was a very famous Roman Jewish warrior and Babylonian Exilarch and Ruler of the Roman Jewish colonies in Britain and America. Solomon and his wife owned a large shipping company and their ships were known as Solomon Ships. He used the Roman name Tiberius Claudius Silvanus (Salvius/ Sulam/ Solon ). His son Mar Chunya (Eleazer) of Babylon and Mara was the father of Mar St Joseph of Arimathea and his brother Mar Nathan ben Eli (Nascien/ Tenaufan/ Tasciovanus) King of the Regnoi and Catevaullani. Mar Chunya's brother was Nathan II Ukba the Babylonian Exilarch. 

St Joseph of Arimathea is called the 'uncle of the Blessed Virgin Mary' according to the Jewish custom of referring to the cousins of one's parents as uncle and aunt. St Joseph of Arimathea was a cousin to Our Lady's father Heli (Eliakim) not his brother. Heli's diminuitive is short for Eliakim or Joachim whereas the father of St Joseph of Arimathea is Eli which is short for Eliezer or Eleazer. Heli's grandmother Lady Esther was the daughter of Solomon II who firstly married Matthan and thus became the grandmother of St Joseph the husband of Our Lady. Secondly she married Levi the grandfather of Heli and was thus the great-grandmother of Our Lady. 

The Arthurian legends speak of St Joseph converting his brother Nascien and the conversion of Evelake King of Sarras. We now know that Nascien is the King known as Tasciovanus of a Roman Jewish warrior family closely connnected to the Babylonian Exilarchs. Evelake was the King of Sarras or the Saracens (Persians). These are the dark complexioned and dark curly haired inhabitants of the Kingdom of the Silures who had been brought to Britain to work the tin mines from Takhte Suleiman by the Exilarch Solomon. Nascien (Nathan) and Evelake were allied by the marriage of Nascien to a sister of Evelake. The dark Silurians of Evelake mainly belonged to E-V13 y-dna. After their defeat by the Romans they fled into the more remote parts of Britain. 

Julia the Elder was the daughter of the Emperor Augustus by Scribonia whose mother was Sentia (Scota of Hibernia) a red-haired Milesian Jewish Princess from the British Isles. Pomponia Graecina and her grandniece Claudia Rufina (Rufina means red head) were also astounding beauties with their fair skin, blue eyes and striking red hair. These women descended maternally from the Judean-Egyptian Princesses Tamar (Tia) and Asenath (Istnofret/ Scota) daughters of King Zedekiah the last reigning king of Judah.

Sentia (Scota of Hibernia) was a Jewish Milesian Princess who was the daughter of Mar Isaac of Sumer (Somerset)and his wife the Princess (Domnu) Tamar (Tia/ Tea) of Brigantia. Sentia married Lucius Scribonius Libo. Princess Tamar XVIII [born circa 120 BC] was descended from a long line of Tamars who were guardians of the Stone of Jacob. Princess Tamar was the Guardian of the Red Stone of Jacob and her female followers were known as the Ladies or Maidens of the Stone.  Princess Tamar began a new Dynasty of Rhodan Queens. She was known as Our Lady of the Forest (Domnu ha Silva in the Hebreo-Latin language). 

After the events of the Crucifixion and Resurrection of the Messiah Jesus St Claudia Procula embraced the Faith and shared it with her sister Pomponia Graecina when she returned to Rome. The accusations against Pomponia by which she was cleared by her husband and close relatives has always been believed to refer to her Christian faith. It would seem that her relative Livia Julia (the daughter of Drusus the younger and Livilla) was her goddaughter who Claudius had executed in 43 AD on false charges by the Empress Valeria Messalina of incest and immorality (but really for her embrace of the Christian faith).  

The movie "Quo Vadis" is loosely based on these events. Pomponia then went into public mourning for the next 40 years for her goddaughter. The Emperor and his successors dared not touch her, except in 57 AD when she was charged and cleared by her husband and relatives of superstitious beliefs. Some identify Pomponia with St. Lucina (Lucy) a name she may have taken on her baptism. Or St Lucina may be Princess Lucina of Britain a descendant of Pomponia's brother Adminius I who was buried in with her Christian Plautius relatives in Rome.

It is said the Pomponia's relatives in Britain first heard the Gospel in Britain from St Joseph of Arimathea. Others that they were converted in Rome at the home of Pomponia. Or some of them may have become Christian in Britain and other members in Rome. Whatever the case may be it is clear that Claudia Rufina and her relatives were all committed Christians and the foundation of the early house church in Rome. 

Pomponia Graecina (formerly known as Gladys (Princess) Claudia) may have been adopted by Gaius Pomponia Gaecinius (son of Lucius Pomponia Graecinus) a soldier serving with Aulus Plautius in Britain before her marriage to Aulus Plautius. Her only son Aulus Plautius was a young teenage lover of the Empress Agrippina who was murdered by Nero. It is said that Agrippina seduced the young Aulus by the offer to secure the throne for him. Nero was jealous and he brutally raped Aulus before executing him to spite his mother who he was also trying to murder at this time around 59 AD.  If so Aulus was only about 15 years old. Some believe (such as Vasily Rudich) that Nero did this to Aulus after Nero's mother's death and that Agrippina's supporters were backing the young Aulus for Emperor. It is possible that Aulus Plautius senior died in the anti-Christian persecutions after the Roman fire in 64 AD while Pomponia went on to live until about 83 AD in the reign of the Emperor Domitian.

St Paul also mentions Andronikos and Junia as apostles of the Lord before him. In many manuscripts the name is Julia rather than Junia. Andronikos is most likely the apostle  St.Andrew and Julia (Junia / Johanna)his wife. She may be the sister of Pomponia Graecina who remained in Britain. Julia fled into Scotland on the defeat of the royal family. Later accounts transferred the legend of St Andrew's travels to Scythia in the East whereas he originally went into Russia, Ukraine and Scotland the lands where the Scythian people lived at that time. The accounts knew that the Andrew was killed in Alban so this was reinterpreted to mean Albanopolis near the Black Sea where the Scythians had dwelt centuries before.

Claudia Rufina's husband Aulus Pudens (St Pudens) must have have a dramatic conversion as we know from the poet Martial that he had a homosexual passion for slave boys. His grandparents Roman Senator Quintus Cornelius Pudens the Elder and Priscilla Glabria were converted by St Peter in Rome around 43-44 AD and were some of the earliest Christians. 

Priscilla's Glabrio family may have come to wealth through their trade in male slave boys and prostitutes. Glabri means a hairless boy or an active (top) homosexual slave. The Eubulus mentioned with Pudens by St. Paul may have been Rufus Pudens' former male lover turned Christian disciple. Pudens son Aulus was also besotted by his boy-lover (in Roman Society this usually meant teenage boys and older not children) called Encolpus who had beautiful long hair. Of the first 15 emperors of Rome only one -Claudius- did not have boy and male lovers and was ridiculed for this by many writers of the period.

It would seem that this inclination for male homosexual lovers ran in the Pudens family for many generations. St Novatus himself may have struggled in this area before his sanctification. Juvenal writes of a Novatus or Naevolus who was a male prostitute who went with either men or women. It would seem that he may have been disinherited by his Christian family and taken up prostitution as a way to earn money. By the time he meets Juvenal he is already starting to question his profession and life as a male lover to a wealthy married Roman man. His nickname Donatus means to "give" as he was a glabri (active) homosexual and his new name Novatus means a man who is renewed or refreshed after his reconversion to Christianity and its moral law.

Naevolus or Novatus's lover according to Juvenal's account was a wealthy married man called Virra which was probably a code name for Marcus Annius Verrus III. Juvenal tells us that Naevolus claims the two children of his wealthy lover were actually Naevolus'. Thus the Emperor Marcus Aurelius and his sister were in fact the children of St Novatus Pudens who may have been put to death to hide this story. Juvenal is careful to conceal the real names of the people involved in this story. Marcus Aurelius later in life discouraged homosexuality and went through a bit of a reinvention of his supposed father's and his attitude in practising restraint with any desires for male lovers. We know that Marcus Aurelius himself as a young man of 18 had a love affair with his tutor. It would seem that Marcus Aurelius and his secret male lover Marcus Cornelius Fronto had a personal hatred for Christians. 

The famous St Peter's Chair was originally the Senatorial Chair of the Pudens family. Some believe that the Claudia and Pudens of Paul's letter to Timothy is different to Claudia Rufina and Aulus Pudens. We have inscription evidence in Chichester of Pudens being associated with Tiberius Claudius Cogidubnus. Cogidubnus may not be the same person as Togodumnus (died 43 AD) but his son. Thus Tiberius Claudius Cogidubnus was a nephew of Caractacus.

It is possible that Claudia (Gladys) the daughter of Caractacus married Rufus Pudens (Quintus Cornelius Pudens the Younger) the father of Aulus Pudens. Aulus in turn married Cogidubnus' daughter Claudia Peregrina Rufina. It is these later two that are the parents of the four saints of the Pudens family St Novatus, St Timotheus, St Praxedes and St Pudentiana. St Aulus Pudens's father St Quintus Cornelius Pudens the younger was martyred in the reign of Nero or it may have been the grandfather of Aulus rather than the father that was martyred at that time. No doubt Aulus Pudens' mother Claudia arranged the marriage of her son to Princess Claudia the daughter of her cousin Tiberius Claudius Cogidubnus. Much confusion is cleared up when one realises there are three St Pudens grandfather, father and son that have been rolled into one by later generations. 

St Pudentiana was a close associate of the priest Pastor Hermas and his brother Pope Pius I. It is said that St Pudentiana and her siblings died during the persecutions in 151 or 165 AD. The Domus Pudenziana (House of the Pudens Family) became the home of the Bishops of Rome from this time until the reign of Constantine the Great.

Caractacus and his Queen Venus Julia are said to be the parents of Marius Claudius Marcellus (Meurig Cyllin) who returned from Roman exile and became a Roman client King in the Silures (Land of Silva or Silvanus).  Marius (b circa 40 AD) may have had a son-in-law called Sallustius Lucullus (Gaius Licinius Lucullus) who became the Roman Governor of Britain in the late 1st century. This Lucullus or his nephew Lucius Licinius Lucullus (son of Adminius II Lucullus) may have been confused with the famous King Lucius of legend who was claimed to be the first British King to declare Britain a Christian nation. Later accounts confused this British Lucius (who lived in the early 2nd century) with Lucius Aelius Megas Abgar IX of Britium (Edessa) in Turkey who lived in the late 2nd century and early 3rd century.

Marius' daughter was the Princess Eurgen Marcella (Johanna/ Europa)[born circa 70 AD] who married Gaius Lucinius Lucullus (Sallustius)[died 89 AD].  Sallustius and Adminius II Lucullus' mother Claudia Admina [born circa 30 AD]  was a daughter of Adminius I a brother of King Caractacus. Adminius II's daughter Princess Lucina [born circa 90 AD] married Mar Gideon (Cadvan Cambrius) of Cambroglann (Camlann) a son of Pinchas ben Phares (Fenius Farsa) the Rosh Galuta Scotti. Their daughter Strada Dal (Esther of the Poor) Cambria [b.circa120]married Nathaniel II the Rosh Galuta Scotti (Gododdyn).  

Phares a son of Nathan the Red the Fisher Lord (Dayag Adon) of Tara in Ireland first settled at Galefort (Trapain Law) in Lothian Scotland. Lothian was also called Lleuddiniawn or Leudonia. It was here that the first Perpetual Eucharistic Grail Roundhouse was built. Galefort was abandoned for about 50 years and then resettled in 220 AD. Phares grandson Mar Gideon (Cadvan of Cambria/Camelon) established a new centre at Colonia (Camelon)  in the first half of the 2nd century that became the seat of the Rosh Galuta Scoti. 

Camelon (Camelot) Roman settlement near Falkirk

Philip Coppens writes in his excellent article entitled "Arthur's Homeland": 
"...Camelon is connected to a place called “Arthur’s O’on”, a structure that stood until 1743, when it was demolished. “Arthur’s Oven” has been put forward as the site of the “Round Table”, because as if it were the circular baking-place, it could be the location where food was prepared for the Knights of the Round Table. And let us note that it was apparently also known as Camelot.

Camelon, once a Roman temple, is recorded in Bowert’s Scotichronicon as having been erected by Julius Caesar. Caesar came to the River Forth and had the temple erected to sleep in, apparently its stones being carried around with him. When he heard of trouble in Gaul from ships sailing into the Firth of Forth, Caesar immediately departed, leaving the temple behind. But that is not all; the story continues that Arthur liked to come to this site “by way of recreation”. Nennius does tell us that Carausius built, on the banks of the Carron, a roundhouse of polished stone as a triumphal arch in memory of his victory. Centuries later, Hector Boece stated that it was raised by Vespasian, in honour of his predecessor Claudius, and that it covers the ashes of the distinguished officer Aulus Plautius. It suggests that though Bower might have overlaboured the point by linking it with Julius Caesar, it was a place where the Romans honoured their military leaders. If Arthur was a Roman warrior, where better to come to “by way of recreation”; what better description of Camelot and the home of its twelve most valiant knights: the Knights of the Round Table?..."

Old King Cole the Jewish Christian Tzaddik of Joyfulness and the fool of God

A descendant of these Exilarchs of Galefort and Camelon in the 3rd century was Old King Cole (Coilus/ Cole Hen). This  Cole was the Jewish Christian Exilarch or King of the Gododdyn also called Rafael IV Ruler of Camelon (Camelot) or the Northern Roman city of Colania (near Falkirk). His wife Esther of Babylon was also known as Strada the Fair . Hen means Grace in Hebrew (Old in Welsh) and Coel Hen originally meant His Grace of Colania. 

Another King Cole (Rafael VIII Votepacus of Colania) was in the 4th-5th centuries a descendant of Rafael IV of Colania. Like his forbear he married a daughter of the Exilarchy of Babylon known as Nissiya Esther of Babylon (Ystradal). His father was Rafael VII Nathan (Tegfan) son of Rafael VI Theodore son of Rafael V Naftali (Telpuil)  son of Nehemiah son of  Rafael IV Urban (Erbin/ Heber) son of Rafael III Gideon (Gratien) son of Rafael II Metallanus (Iumetal) son of Rafael I Rosh Galuta Scoti of Colania.

Rafael I Judah  also known as Gaius Julius Bassus was the ruler of the area of Bassus (Bass Rock) in Scotland and a Guardian-Bishop (Exilarch) of the Perpetual Eucharistic Adoration Temple or roundhouse of polished stone at Camelon. It was also called a Temple of the Sun due to its black shining stone monstrance with sun rays. It was also known as the House of Manna and the Grail Castle.  It was also called El-Gabal or El Kabalah which means God's Mountain or God's received Tradition. It was here that the original Lebor Ghabala (Book of the Kabbalah) was written and preserved. They were known as the Mysteries of the Way of Emmaus. Roman historians have misplaced Julius and his family in Syria and confused Emesa with Emmaus. In fact he is a descendant of the Syrians St Joseph of Arimathea, Nascien and Evelake.  

Rafael I Judah (Gaius Julius Bassus) was the son of Nehunia. Nehunia (originally called Nathan or Nathaniel) left Scotland to become the Babylonian Exilarch and married Julia Sohaemus of Emesa a daughter of Gaius Julius Longinus Sohaemus (died 160 AD). The legends associating Camelon and the Round House with Julius Ceasar are a confused remembering of Gaius Julius Bassus. Legend also tells us that Aulus Plautius' remains were buried there. Nehunia with his family later returned to Scotland where Nehunia became the Rosh Galuta Scoti.

Julius Bassus' daughter known as Julia Domna ( Lady Julia) married the future Emperor Septimius Severus and their son the future Emperor Caracalla was born in Scotland at Lughdunum (Glen Lyon)and their second son the future Emperor Geta in Rome. Severus was to die in York (Eboracum) after returning to Britain. Julia Domna's sister Julia Maesa (Julia of Emmaus) married Julius Avita a Knight of the Grail. She had two daughter's whose sons became the Emperors Elagabalus and Alexander Severus.  

One daughter was Julia Soaemius who married Sextus Varius Marcellus also a Scottish Knight of the Grail. Their  son Elagabalus tried to combined the Scottish Eucharistic Jewish Christian rites known as the Mysteries of the Way of Emmaus with the Roman religion. These rites included Davidic joyful dancing before the Eucharistic Sun Monstrance and Joyous Eucharistic processions. The memory of them have come down to us in the Nursery Rhyme of  Old King Cole the Merry old soul. This would have pleased neither the Roman religious establishment or the Gentile Christian Church which was not familiar with these Jewish Christian rites at this stage. 

Empress Julia Domna

Julia Soaemius' sister was Julia Avita Mamaea and she married Marcianus. Her son was the Emperor Alexander Severus. He married Barbia Orbiana. Barbia comes from the name Swan (Barbur) thus Barbia Orbiana means the Hebrew Swan. After her divorce in 227 AD from the Emperor she went to Camelon in Scotland and married Rafael III Gideon (Gratien). Her mother Barbia was a daughter of the Irish King Eoghen (Eochaidh) Mor (Mar Angus) and his wife Bera (Barbura) the Swan Chieftainess.  The Empress Barbia Orbiana was the mother of Rafael IV Urban (Heber) of Camelon.

Many historians are cautious about accepting much of the accounts of the reign of this  Severan dynasty as it would seem that a campaign to cover up and slander the morals and religious reforms of this dynasty have occurred. It would seem that Constantine the Great was initiated into this Jewish Christian form of adoring Jesus as the Sun of Justice (Sol Invictus). He also tried to bring about a reapproachment with the Jewish Christian Desposyni and the Gentile Church in Rome led by Pope Sylvester. This ended in failure. 

In Northern Gaul there was a small tribe descended from the Trojans (Rujis/ Rugij/ Rhodans) that were ruled by Trojan Kings of the Davidic House of Nathan. They were connected to the Rhodan (Trojan) Milesians (of Ireland and America) and the former inhabitants of Britain in the region of London (Lud) which had formerly been called New Troy. These Trojan origins were strong in those areas where the Jewish Romans had established mining colonies in pre-Imperial-Roman ruled Britain. 

Nehunia of Camelon's son Phares II of Britain (Briti) was also called Farabert or Pharabert. He married  Hasilda VII (Hafilda/ Athilda / Athildis) Queen of the Rujis in Gaul [born circa 180 AD] and became the first King of the Rujis-Franks. The name Frank coming from his name of Phares or his ancestor Phares I haDayag. Their daughter Hasilda VIII [born circa 200 AD) married Huna II the Babylonian Exilarch who abdicated as Exilarch in order to succeed his uncle as King of the Rujis-Franks by marrying the heiress to the throne. 

Huna II's son Nathan succeeded him as Babylonian Exilarch.   From Nathan descended all the later Babylonian Exilarchs. Huna II's daughter was Hasilda IX Queen of the Rujis-Franks [born circa 220 AD]. She married her relative Therius (Terah) of Scots. Their son Bartherius [born circa 240 AD] became the King of the Franks. Bartherius's sister was Frea or Freya (a descendant of Farabert) the wife of Asas Odin (Woden) the Lord (Adon) of the Royal Assyrians (Assir) of Asaland (Asgard/ Assyria) near the Sea of Azov. They were a branch of the Royal Assyrians (I y-dna) who became known as the Sarmatians after their sojourn in the region of Samara.  

Hasilda the VII's mother Hasilda VI Queen of the Rhodans 
(Rujis) [born circa 120 AD] was the wife of (Mar) Gaius Claudius Marcellus (Clodomir) son of Mar Marcus Claudius Marcellus (Marcomir).  Hasilda VI was the daughter of Hasilda V Cesair (Basilda/ Ha Silva) who was married to Jonaans (Eochaidh/ Rabbi Yohannan) of the Briti a son of Rabbi Simeon the Blessed (Breac/ Bereikiah). Hasilda IV (Athildis/ Ha Silva/ Rhodan Silva) was the mother of Hasilda V Cesair. 

Hasilda IV or Athildis of Britain was the daughter of King Lucius ( Lucius Licinius Lucullus) and his wife Hasilda III (Ha Silva). Hasilda IV married Mar Julius Claudius Marcellus (Odomir) son of Mar Regulus Claudius Marcellus (Richemir). Hasilda II married Gauis Claudius Marcellus (Coelus) son of Marius Claudius Marcellus (Meurig Cyllin). Hasilda I or the Princess of the Silures (House of Rhodan (Rhea) Silva) was a sister of Meurig Cyllin and a daughter of Caractacus and Venus (Voada) Julia Nero. Venus Julia's mother was the Lady Anna (Anu) a sister of St Joseph of Arimathea. Lady Anu's mother was the Lady Anna (Anu) the elder who married Mar Chunya of Babylon and Mara.  Lady Anu the elder's mother the Lady Silvia (b.60 BC) was a daughter of Rhea Silvia (Rachel ha Silva) and Tiberius Claudius Silvanus (Solomon II/ Silvanus). 

Our Lady of the Tree of Life Icon

Rhea Silva (or Rhodan Silva/ Queen of the Silvan Trojans)) was the daughter of King Durstus (Marcus Livius Drusus) of Lughdunum (Glen Lyon) in Scotland and his wife Scota (Sentia) the Lady of the Silva (Forests) [born circa 100 BC]. It is from her that Scotland received its name.  Scota was the daughter of Mar Isaac of Sumer ( Somerset) and Tamar(Tia/Tea) Queen of Silva Trojans (Milesians). Rhea Silva married King Cassivellaunas (Silvanus of the Cassi or Catti or Hatti) of Britain who resisted the invasion of Julius Ceasar in 54 BC. These Hebreo-Latin-Trojan Queens claimed descent from Venus Victrix and Rhea Silvia. Venus Victrix was originally Queen Nefertiti and Aeneas (Ascanius/ Oedipus) was Akhnaten and Rhea Silvia was their descendant Amenirdis Iusaaret (Silva/ Shittah) the Lady of the  Acacia Tree who married Tefnakt Chief Prince of the Milesians (Meshwesh).


Iuasaaret (meaning Accacia Tree or Tree of Life)- The Lady of the Trees (Forest)

The eight Jewish Christian Desposyni Bishops or Exilarchs that met with Constantine and Pope Sylvester represented the eight leading Jewish Christian Sees ruled by the descendants of Jesus relatives of the Royal House of David. In the far West there were the three Sees of Tara, Avalon and Camelon. Tara was the Irish See and House of Nathan, Avalon was the Southern British See and House of Joseph and Camelon (Camelot) was the See and House of Phares. There were five Desposyni Jewish Christian Sees in the East - Jerusalem (See and House of Jacob/ James) , Antioch (See and House of Zachary), Alexandria (See and House of Matthias), Kinyani (See and House of Yohannan/ John) and Takte Sulieman (See and House of Simeon). 

The Holy Grail

The Abba Abbot (Father of Fathers) of the Jewish Christian Sees was the Abba Joseph (Joses) of Avalon (Glastonbury). He was also known as the Rosh Galuta (Golus) Briti. Avalon was granted this position due to its founder St Joseph of Arimathea being a believer in Jesus during his Ministry whereas the other founders of the 'brethren of Jesus' did not believe in him until after the Resurrection. Until the time of Pope Sylvester I the Jewish Christian Churches also acknowledged the Bishop of Rome as Abba 'Kepha Apifyor' (The Rock (or Pillar) at the Mouth of Light). Apipyor (Peor) alludes to Yefefiel (Beautiful Mouth of God) or Yofiel as the Pillar of Cloud and Fire who led the Israelites and revealed the Torah on Sinai. In the same way Peter (Kepha) leads the people of God during their sojourn on earth.

St Joseph of Arimathea was succeeded as Abba Abbot of Avalon by his son Gilead ben Joseph (Galahad). Gilead was succeeded by his son Heli as Abba Abbot or Fisherking. Heli married the Lady Anna (Anu) a daughter of King Metallanus and the Lady (Geveret/ Domna) Anna the sister of St Joseph of Arimathea. Heli was succeeded by his son-in-law Bron or Bran the Blessed. Bron was succeeded as Fisherking by his cousin Adon Zerah Philologus (Adon Glas) son of Nathan the Red the Rosh Galuta Erani of Tara. 

Adon's son was the famous Simeon the Blessed(Breac) also known as Rav Berechiah of Kinyani (in Babylonia) who brought the Red Stone of Jacob to Ireland. This Stone had been taken by Jeremiah and the daughters of Zedekiah to Egypt, their descedants took it to Morocco. From Morocco it was taken to Spain (Brigantia) in the third century BC. In the second century BC it was taken to Britain by Princess Tamar and her female Maidens of the Stone. Simeon took it in the second half of the first century AD (around 90AD) to Tara in Ireland. 

When Pinchas (Fenius Farsa) returned from the East (Babylon and the Holy Land) he took the Stone to Scotland to Galefort around 120 AD when he became the Rosh Galuta Scoti. When  Pinchas ben Phares' son Mar Gideon founded Camelon the Stone was taken there. A grandson of Pinchas called Gaedal Glas ben Niall returned the Stone of Jacob to Tara after 150 AD. Gaedal Glas (Gatelo) was appointed the Rosh Galuta Briganti in Spain at the Eucharistic Tower (Tower of Hercules) that had been converted by his great grandfather Phares into a Perpetual Eucharistic Adoration Chapel (Grail Chapel). 

Later Gaedal Glas would go to Avalon and become the Abba Abbot. He married  his cousin Davidilla Bat Scotia (Scota) the eldest daughter of Nathaniel I Mainus (Manesseh) the Rosh Galuta Scotti. Their son was Israel (Esru) of Avalon and his son was Zerah (Sru) of Avalon. Zerah left Glastonbury in ships with his followers to return to Scotland. Another son of Nathaniel I Mainus and Davidilla was Rahumai (Rewtar) was a mystical Rabbi at the School of Kinyani in the East. His son was Terah (Therius) of Scots. 

There seemed to be a clash between Rewtar (Rahumai) and his uncle Nathaniel II (Nathak). It would seem that as the Rosh Galuta or Abbot of Camelon Nathaniel II was an efficient administrator and money maker but that he also became gradually more oppressive and a quencher of the Spirit. He was removed by Dowall (or David) the Abba Abbot of Avalon and Rosh Galuta Briti. Eventhough Rahumai was still a young man he was made the Rosh Galuta Scotti (Abbot of Camelon) by Dowall. He later abdicated in favour of his son Terah (Therius) as he moved to the East to be the Abbot of Kinyani. Therius was succeeded as Abbot or Fisher Lord by Nathaniel III younger brother of Nathaniel II. 

At first these Fisher Lords or Rosh Galutas could be both Bishop and Abbot but later the position of Bishop and Abbot was usually separated and an Abbot could be a bishop or a priest or a deacon or even a lay man. These lay abbots who were called Fisher Lords became Fisher Kings and then eventually just Kings. The Abbots were always selected from the Davidic Royal House whereas a Bishop could have any ancestry. 

This model was taken into the later Celtic churches and the Abbot was the senior administrator of the Christian Community and the Bishop was under his authority for all the secular aspects of Christian life. The Bishop still retained the spiritual role as the Chief of the Sacraments and the link with the Universal Church and was a leader among the priests. However a community may have a number of Bishops. Also an important position was Scribe (or Rabbi). 

Thus a Jewish Christian Community would have three senior leaders. The Abbot who was the Nasi (Prince) of the Davidic House (overall leader), the Bishop who was the High Priest of the community (leader of the other Bishops priests and deacons) and the Chief Scribe was the chief teacher and writer of the community (the continuation of the rabbis in the Church and the leader of the other scribes or rabbis). Thus a scribe or a bishop or priest who belonged to the Davidic families could be elected or appointed Abbot but a man not belonging to this bloodline could become the Chief Scribe or the Bishop but not an Abbot.

Zerah (Sru) the son of Lord Israel (Esru) of Avalon became the new Rosh Galuta Scoti on the death of Nathaniel III.  Zerah was succeeded by his son Heber Scot (Eber Scot). Nathaniel III's grandson Nehunia had gone to Babylon and become the founder of a new Dynasty of Davidic Babylonian Exilarchs. He abdicated in favour of his son Huna I and returned to Scotland. 

However Heber Scot and his family were opposed to him as Nehunia and his wife were not orthodox Jewish Christians in their eyes or the eyes of the local traditional British Church. Nehunia and his wife Julia Sohaemas of Emesa (in Syria) followed the new charismatic Jewish Christian movement that stressed joy and dancing and focusing on the Eucharistic Jesus as the Sun of Righteousness (Sol Invictus) who arises with Healing in His Wings. The Tzaddik was to practice being a merry fool for God and he was seen as a healer and miracle worker. This mystical tradition has its focus on the joy of the resurrection through outward displays of joy and dancing in the light of the Eucharistic Sun in union with the Dancing Lady of Light. 

This  joyful movement was known as Brilliant Light or Bahir in Hebrew and they followed the teachings of the school of Nehunia ben ha Kanah. The Exilarch Nehunia (probably originally called Nathaniel or Nathan) took this name in honour of Rav Nehunia.  Nehunia took back Camelon and Heber's son Boamain [Boaz of the Manna (Eucharistic Bread)] moved to a town north of Camelon on the North Sea where he set up an opposing court. This northern town was probably ancient Dundee (Dun Dagda/ Deagh/ Fort of the Fisher King). 

While the accounts speak about the two sides killing and battling one another this may only be Irish hyperbole by the monks. The two religious courts may have battled theologically and spiritually to gain the allegiance of the local people.  It would seem that the traditional Jewish Christians saw the Tzaddik as a Fisher King who like their master suffered and did reparation for others. They had a mystical tradition that focused on the Cross and  hidden, solemn and silent Adoration of the Sacrament while meditating on the Passion in union with the sorrowing Dark Lady or Madonna.

This spirituality of dark light was known as Zohar in Hebrew. They followed the teachings of the school of Simeon ben Yochai. This battle of the two spiritualities raged on for a number of generations until the middle of the 3rd century at the time of the brothers Rafael III and Nathaniel IV. Heber Scot's descendants Agnomain (Agnan I Mannus/ Agni) and Heber Scot (Eber/ Istvaev/ Iscio) sons of Tait (Tuisto) left Scotland with their followers in ships and they lived in the islands of the North Sea.  Agnan's son Lamhfionn settled in Gothia in Sweden as the Rosh Galuta Guti. The names of this Dynasty are all Eucharistic - Mainus refers to Manna, Agnan and Agni to the Latin word for Lamb and Lamhfionn is the Fair Lamb.

Lamhfion was also known as Dayag Adon Scotia (or Dagda/ Dyggvi/ Dagr Spaka). His son was Heber Scot of Gothia who was also known as Dag the Wise (Dagr Spaka /Dagda Scoti). Heber Scot of Gothia went to Scotland and was reconciled with the Rulers of Godddodin. He married Lady (Mara) Esther the daughter of Rafael V Naftali (Telpuil) and the Lady Adah of Babylon and they then returned to Gothia. Their son was Fisher King Agnan II of Gothia. His son Yohannan Faobhar Glas (Febric/ Padraig/Patrick/Potitius/ Patriarch) became the Abba Abbot of Avalon (Glastonbury) around 350 AD.  He was the St Patrick Abbot (Patriarch) of Glastonbury who was an ancestor of St Patrick of Cumbria and Ireland. The two St Patrick's were confused by later historians. 

Faobhar's son was Nathaniel of Gothia who married his kinswoman the Lady Adah (Odissa) of Goddodin daughter of Rafael VIII Votepacus. Nathaniel's son was Nathan (Nuada) of Gothia whose sister the Lady Ada married St Ninian. Another son of Nathaniel's was Potitius(Pottit/ Padraig/Patrick) the grandfather of St Patrick. This grandfather was the priestly Abbot or Fisherking of Corbenic (Corbridge/ Bannavern Taburniae) in Cumbria (Northumbria).

Nathan of Gothia had a brother who was Alaric I King of the Visigoths (Vastergoths) who gathered a military force and marched into the East and eventually sacked Rome in 410. It would seem that Alaric I split from his family when he became an Arian and he led his Arian followers to join with other Arian Goths living in Romania who were led by Athanaric of the Balts. His son Theodoric I was the leader of the Visigoths in Gaul and Spain. Athanaric was a son of Alaric or Aoric  of the Baltic Goths who was the son of Agnan II of Gothia. It would seem that the Visigoths and Ostrogoths (both probably belonging to R1b y-dna) were driven out of Gothia in Sweden by the Swedes (probably of Assyrian-Samartian I y-dna). 

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Philologus (Adon Glas Zerah) was succeeded as Abba Abbot of Avalon by Bron's brother-in-law Josue son of Heli. Josue was succeeded by his nephew Alain li Gros son of Bran the Blessed. Alain was succeeded by Simeon the Blessed son of Adon Glas Philologus.  Simeon was succeeded by Alain's son Aminadab (Adminius III) [born circa 80 AD). Amminadab was succeeded by his kinsman Gaedal Glas (Gatelo). Gaedal Glas was succeeded by Amminadab's son Alphanye (Alef Hanya/ Chief Hananiah). Alphanye was succeeded by his son Dowall (or David)[born circa 100] as Fisher King and Abba Abbot of Avalon . Alphanye's other son Catheloys founded the Grail Chapel or Castle for Perpetual Adoration at Corbenic (Corbridge) in the middle of the 2nd century and began a dynasty of Fisherkings or Grail kings in this northern Roman town. His relative Nathan (Mogh Nuada) of Ireland (son of Rabbi Meir) succeeded Catheloys as the Abbot of Avalon (Glas Isle)after his move to Corbenic. 

Rabbi Meir's grandmother was Julia Nero (also called St Eurgen or Johanna) the wife of Adon Glas (St Philologus) of Avalon. From this a legend grew up that Rabbi Meir was a grandson of the Emperor Nero. Rabbi Meir's wife Bruriah (Barbura) was the daughter of Hananiah ben Teradion of Suknin or Sakhnin (meaning Scotland not in the place in Galilee). In fact Bruriah and her father were from Scotland where there was a Jewish Yeshivah (Academy). Rabbi Eliezer and his Yeshivah were not in Lod in Israel but Lud (London) in Britain. Rabbi Joshua was the Rabbi of the Yeshivah in Avalon (Glas/ Golus). Rabbi Joshua was the son of Alphanye (Alef Hanya/ Haninah) of Avalon. 

St Joseph of Arimathea

 Mar Teradion of Camelon is also known as Mar Ptolomy and Tuathal Teachtmar. He is a son of Fiachu Finnolach (Jacob the Fair/ Yacuv ha Lavan) son of  Brother Phares the Rosh Galuta Scoti. He moved to Ireland and he married Dalny a daughter of Pinchas ben Phares (Fenius Farsa) the brother of Fiachu (Jacob). Fiachu married Ethne (Edna) Imgel (Mother of the Gaeli) a daughter of Adon Glas Zerah (Philologus) the Rosh Golus Briti and sister of Simeon the Blessed (Rav Berechiah). Simeon the Blessed seems to have been the Rosh Galuta Erani, Rosh Galuta Kinyani, Rosh Galuta Suleimani as well as finally the Rosh Golus Briti. He was a member of the Emmaus School in Kinyani (located in Southern Babylonia/ Iraq) who developed the teachings of Rav Nehunia Ha Kanah. These teaching were compiled and published in the Bahir where he is mentioned as a successor of Rav Nehunia. 

Mar Teradion's son Haninah was also called St Claudius and was martyred by the Romans. The Perpetual Adoration chapel at Camelon was named for him and Our Lady under the title of Our Lady of Victory. The article in Wikipedia states : "...Another sage martyred was Rabbi Haninah ben Teradion, who was wrapped in a Torah scroll and burned alive. Damp wool was packed into his chest to ensure he would not die quickly. When he was being burnt, he told his students that he could see the letters of the sacred torah "flying up" to heaven..."

It is from Kinyani in 345AD that St Thomas of Cana (Kinyani) gathered a number of Jewish Christian families to move to India to revive the orginal Mar Toma Church founded by St Thomas the Apostle. The Church in India at this time was in danger of being overcome by the Hindu paganism surrounding it. Already in Ireland Druidic paganism had reasserted itself and the Jewish Christian Church and beliefs became paganised and hardly in existence by the time of St Patrick except in tracings in the South of Ireland.

The orthodox Jewish Christian Exilarch of Tara moved to Munster in the South of Ireland, while the paganised one remained in Tara Ireland  which was a syncretism of Jewish Christian beliefs and Druidic paganism. King Conn (Conchober/ Conaire) of the Hundred Battles in the 2nd century AD was the champion of this syncretised religion and he persecuted those who remained faithful to the Orthodox teachings. The Rosh Galuta Erani also known as Abba Nathan (Mogh Nuada) was a son of Rabbi Meir. He fought Conn who took Tara and the North and Nathan (and his successors) resisted in Southern Ireland. Nathan (Johannan (Eogen)Mogh Nuada) was again defeated by Conn and fled to the Silures to Avalon. When he (or his successor) later returned to aid the persecuted Christians he was martyred by Conn. Christianity continued in the South of Ireland but in reduced circumstances.

The Jewish Christian Yeshiva of Mar Teradion (Partolon/ Tuathal/ Ptolomy) moved south to Kenmare and was situated at Dunkerron ("the Hill of St Ciaran").  Kenmare was named Kanah or Kinyani by Mar Teradion after his school in the East. The  -mare ending of the name Kenmare  may refer to the title of Mar (Lord) or it may come from Mara (Sea) or Mara (Lady). The Jewish Christian mysticism of the School of Emmaus was Marian and Eucharistic in focus.

St Ciaran was a pre-Patrician saint of Ireland who was born around 260 AD. St Ibar (b circa 200AD) was a son of  Ailill Glas of Leinster. His nephew was St Abban (b. circa 220 AD) the son of  King Cormac and Ethne Milla the sister of St Ibar. The name Ross Ruad refers to the Rosh (Ross) Galuta (Glas) descended from Nathan the Red (Nectan Ruada/ Nuada). Ross Ruad was the son of Phares (Fergus Fairrge) a son of Mogh Nuada who was also known as the Dagda (Dayag Adon or Fisher Lord of Glas).  Mogh Nuada came from Avalon to Ireland and had also been in Babylonia and the Holy Land.

Scholars speak about the three British Bishops that attended the Council of Arles in 314 AD Eborius, Restitutus and Adelphius. Many think that Eborius of Eboracensi (Hibernia)was the Bishop of  York (Eboracum) however it is more likely that this was the Bishop representing Hibernia where the Heber Lords reigned in the South of Ireland (known as Heber or Eber's Portion) representing the See of Tara (moved to Munster). Bishop Restitutus of London represents the See of Glastonbury and its Episcopal province was called Londonium after its principal city Londinium (Lud/ London). Bishop Adelphius of Colonia (Camelon/ Camelot) in Scotland is the third Bishop from the British Isles. This Episcopal region or province of Scotland in olden times was known as Leudonia (Lothian).

Certain writers connected with the story of St Thomas of Kanah place the Yeshiva of Kinyani in southern Iraq however it is possible that Kinyan was in the north nearer Edessa. It may also be called Emesa (from Emmaus). We know that the Kingdom of Edessa had a strong Jewish Christian connection. According to the Lebor Ghabalah  Fenius Farsa (Pinchas ben Phares)[b.62 AD] left Scotland for the East sometime after 80 AD to build a Yeshivah near Babylon. It is not clear if this is the Yeshivah at Emesa or the one in Southern Babylon.

The stories tell us that Thomas of Kanah was born in Edessa. It is possible that there was a Kinyani Yeshivah in southern Iraq and another one in Syria at Emesa. Emesa is named for the School of Emmaus there. Thomas of Kanah (Cana) was said to have been accompanied to India by Mar Joseph a Bishop of Edessa. From the fourth century the Greek Bishops supplanted the original Jewish Christian Bishops. The story of Thomas and Joseph as Bishops of the Jewish Christian Church may reflect this exile of the Jewish Christians firstly to southern Iraq (Babylonia) and then India. Gradually many of the Jewish Christians assimilated back into the Jewish synagogue and communities while others came under the control of the Gentile Bishops and assimilated into a Gentile ruled Church. 

Scholars today do not know the actual location of Emmaus (Hebrew Hammat or Hammas or Ha-mozah) in the Holy Land. However there is a candidate that seems to fit with the Scottish connection discussed in this blog. There is an Emmaus also called Colonia not far from Jerusalem. We know that Camelon (Camelot) was also called Colonia and Emesa (Emmaus). This is today near Abu Gosh where Jean Baptiste Gourion the first modern day Bishop of the Hebrew Catholics had his monastery (he was formerly the Abbot of Abu Gosh). The name Camelot may be an abbreviation for Colonia Hammat. Here the Ark of the Covenant also resided when it was called Kiryat Yearim and in the village is also the Church of Our Lady of the Ark of the Covenant. 

Our Lady Ark of the Covenant Church at Abu Gosh

The other strong candidate for Emmaus is Emmaus-Nicopolis. Emmaus-Colonia and Emmaus -Abu-Gosh are on the road to this Emmaus-Nicopolis. Thus it is most likely that Abu Gosh is the place where the Eucharistic miracle of Emmaus occurred "on the way to Emmaus" and where the Jewish mystical school of Rav Nehunia Ha Kanah was situated. Thus Colonia-Emmaus may have been the place of the 'Way of Emmaus School' where Jesus mystically joined them on the Way to Emmaus hiding his true identity. 

Emmaus-Abu Gosh was the place where they stopped and the Eucharistic miracle (breaking of the bread) occurred. Colonia-Emmaus and Emmaus-Abu-Gosh are only 2 kilometres from each other. Luke tells us that the village where the miracle (revelation of Jesus in the breaking of the bread) happened was 60 stadia (about 11 km or 7.5 miles) from Jerusalem which fits Abu-Gosh. Emmaus- Nicopolis (Amwas) is 160 Stadia (29 km or 20 miles) and is thus unlikely to be the place of the miracle. However some modern scholars are convinced that Emmaus-Colonia was the actual site of the Eucharistic Miracle of Emmaus and the original Jewish village of Emmaus.

Some documents speak of the "Land of Emmaus" as a region. This Emmaus Region may have encompassed all the four major claimants to the name Emmaus. Emmaus -Nicopolis may have also had a branch of Rav Nehunia ben ha -Kanah's "Emmaus School" before they moved north to Emesa in Syria. It is Cleopas Ha Kanah that was one of the two disciples of Emmaus. One of the 12 Apostles was Simon Ha Kanah. Kanah means zealous and this refers to those who were "Zealous for the Torah".  

The Sefer Tagin states that Rav Nehunia received much of his mystical learning from a mystic called Menachem. This may allude to Menachem the Essene who was a prophet who had 80 disciples that went out in the world to spread the mystical knowledge of Torah. Or more likely this is the Menachem or Menaen who was brought up with Herod Antipas who may have been the grandson of Menachem the Essene who prophesied to Herod the Great (see Acts 13:1). These mystical Essene teachings were united with the mysteries of Emmaus taught to Cleophas ha Kanah and passed on to Rav Nehunia ben ha Kanah who was respected by all Jews for his great learning and Torah -knowledge and holiness of Torah life. Rav Nehunia was probably the son of Cleophas ha Kanah or his brother the Apostle Simon Ha Kanah. His son was Yair ha Kanah of Kinyani Yeshivah. 

Rav Akiva was born in Britain and was a son or grandson of Joseph of Arimathea. He studied with Rav Eliezer Hyrcanus of Lud (London) a Jewish Christian. He later went with Eliezer to the Holy Land. Rav Akiva apostasied from the Jewish Christian faith and embraced non-Christian Judaism and became its champion among the Rabbis of his time many who were followers of the Nazarene. Rav Akiva rejected Jesus as Messiah to follow Bar Kokhba as Messiah. Rav Nehunia's disciple Rav Ishmael often clashed with Akiva over matters of Torah interpretation. Ishmael  established the 13 hermeneutics of Torah interpretation which was later embraced by the scholars of Judaism. He is also remembered as a great mystic. It would seem that there was a period of Jewish history in which Jews and Jewish Christians remained part of the same community and joined forces to oppose the Gnostic Minim. 

This period lasted from about 70-130 AD. Under Rav Akiva Rabbinic Judaism started to persecute and distance itself from the Jewish Christians. The stories of the great sages who were Jewish Christians were reworked and edited to remove all mention of their Christian origins. This suited both Rabbinic Judaism of Akiva and the new anti-Jewish leaders of the  Gentile Church.  Both Synagogue and Gentile church wished to force the Jewish Christian to decide-either embrace the Gentile church and become like Gentile Christians without the Torah or embrace a Judaism without Jesus. 

The Sacking of Rome in 410 and the withdrawal of the Roman legions from Britain began a period of dark ages in Europe while a new Romano-British Empire flourished in the British Isles, the Western Coastlands and America. When the Romano-British Christian World and its civilisation collapsed with the coming of the Comet (or meteorites) around 540 AD a dark age of knowledge descended on the World. It took many years before the world recovered and when it did there was no longer any Jewish Christian Church and its history was now the stuff of legends and tales. This dark period lasted for over 200 years. 

Replica of  Arthur's Oon near Camelon- the Perpetual Adoration Chapel of ancient Roman Camelot dedicated to Our Lady of Victory (Voada) and St Claudius son of Mar Ptolomy

However it is a period in which the most glorious tales and legends of King Arthur and the Grail have come down to us of a new golden age as promised by the 3rd century British Emperor Carausius on his famous coinage that alludes to the poet Virgil. Virgil wrote: "...Redeunt Saturnia Regna, Iam Nova Progenies Caelo Demittitur Alto, meaning 'The Golden Ages are back, now a new generation is let down from Heaven above'....". 

The Age of Arthur and the Grail were indeed a Golden Age that followed the collapse of the Western Roman Empire. An age of Davidic Kings and Fisher Kings and the flowering of Perpetual Eucharistic Adoration. However sin entered and with war and the heavenly bombardments of 540 AD a new dark age descended until the rise of Alfred the Great and Charlemagne. Is our modern Western Secular Empire about to crash and burn followed by a new golden Age with a New King Arthur and new Knights of the Grail establishing chapels of Perpetual Adoration?

This blog started with the descendants of the famous Julias and Claudias of the Romano-British history. Today in Australia our Prime Minister is another Julia and the deputy leader of the Opposition is also called Julie. One of the famous super models is Claudia. We now await "the new generation" that will be "let down from Heaven above".