Saturday, July 23, 2011

Bishop John Brady of Perth's Jewish Origins

This week a very good article on Bishop John Brady was published in the Perth Archdiocesan newspaper called "The Record" by Bridget Spinks. Bridget gives a very balanced view of the different opinions on Bishop Brady and his role in the foundation of the Catholic Church in Western Australia. Bishop Brady's remains have been removed from his grave in France to be installed in St Mary's Cathedral in Perth with the other Archbishops of Perth on August 2.

In the past I have written briefly of John Brady who was a close relative of Leon Brady the father of my father's great grandmother Mary Ann Brady. Mary was to come to Western Australia in 1865 with her first husband Edward Bloomer (she was his second wife)and children. After the death of her first husband she remarried a second time and also had a family with her second husband Michael Redmond.

Bridget Spinks records that little is known about John Brady's early life and family except that he came from County Cavan. He also did not speak English very well though he was fluent in French. The article states an opinion that his mother tongue was Gaelic to explain his poor English. In fact his mother tongue was Yiddish and he was born in Eastern Europe of a Jewish family that had become Catholic Frankists.

John Brady's family came from Sheklov (Sheklou in modern day Belarus) and Krustpils (in Latvia). He was the son of Berend Natan Broide of Sheklov and Judith Cohen of Cavan (from the Cohen family of Savannah Georgia). Judith went with her first husband and son to Russia from Cavan Ireland in the late 1790's. After his death around 1801 she married her second husband who was a Frankist Jew. Around 1815-20 due to the troubles with Napoleon they returned to Cavan. John and his brothers Bernard and Terence were born in Russia but settled with their parents in Carrickatober Cavan where they were known as Bernard and Judith Brady. They settled in Cavan as a group and anglicising Broide to Brady, Tzoref to Smith, Luntz to Lynch, Gafner to Gafney, Kinnor to Connor and Maccabi or Machabeo to McCabe and McAvoy.

Bishop Brady had a sister Ann Mary (Channa Miriam/Anna Maria)Brady (also born in Russia) who married John Farrelly and they later settled in South Australia. Bishop Brady's sister (or aunt according to some researchers) Margaret (Margarita)Brady is also believed to have married into the Farrelly family to Patrick Farrelly. One of his Farrelly nephews Terrence Frederick Farrelly (named after Bishop Brady's brother Terrence) went to Perth with Bishop Brady. The Farrelly family were originally the Jewish Italian Forli family descended from Rabbi Moses ben Daniel of Forli of the 15th century.

It would seem that the village of Carrickatober and the nearby village of Crosskeys (10 minutes walk from each other) were little Frankist villages in Ireland with their own Frankist Catholic Church (the second in the one parish of Denn) in the townland of Carickatubber. The Church was known as Loonogs (meaning little chapel). The village was called by the Frankists Krustpils (Kreutzberg) after the place where Moshe ben Zalman lived and wrote his Jewish Catholic work on the Cross. This was anglicised to Crosskeys. The chapel originally built in Crosskeys was rebuilt in 1839 in Carrickatober. Some of the Frankist families were also in nearby little village and townland of Lislea (not to be confused with Lislea in the west of Cavan). The leader of these Frankist Jews in Carrickatober was Yoram Maccabi (Owen McCabe) along with Berend Tzoref (Bernard Smith), Yacov Luntz (James Lynch), Tam Moranu (Thomas Murray), Moshe Broide (Michael Brady), Yossi Maccabeo (Joseph McAvoy), Pinchas Cohen (Patt Culwin), Moshe Kohl (Michael Coyle) and Yacov Gafner (James Gafney).

John Brady's blonde hair and blue eyes were common in the Eastern European families to which he was connected. Both the Alter Rebbe and his Catholic son were blonde and Rebbe Nachman of Breslov had strawberry blonde hair. The Catholic son of the Alter Rebbe, Moshe ben Zalman was the husband of Berend Natan Broide's sister Leah Golda Broide.

The article also mentions mental illness in the Brady family and strange behaviour. This was because of the spiritual tradition of being "fools for God" followed by these hidden Catholic Jews in the Catholic Church and Jewish communities. John's uncle Moshe was an exemplar of such "foolishness for the Messiah". John Brady learnt with his uncle Moshe ben Zalman who travelled under the name of Leon Brody in France.

Many of the mysteries of the life of Bishop John Brady are explained when one realises he was part of a network of converted Jews in the Catholic Church. They often hid their Jewish background from outsiders and appeared as devout Gentile Catholics to the Gentiles. It is interesting that one of the people involved in moving the remains of Bishop Brady is also herself a Jewish born Catholic called Mrs Bobby Hoyle. It would indeed seem that Bishop Brady did not forget his Jewish origins even from beyond the grave.

Tuesday, July 12, 2011

R1b Arrives in Europe post 1000 BC

Yair Davidi of Brit-am

There are now new studies confirming that R1b entered Europe post 1000BC according to a new post by the Israeli Orthodox Jewish researcher Yair Davidi of the Brit-am organisation in Jerusalem. He writes: "R1b is the major Y(Male transmitted) DNA haplogroup in Western Europe. The paper below considers different mathematical possibilities for the spread of R1b across Europe.These estimates are based on the rate of mutation of R1b as we know it today. The simplest and most straight-forward possibility appears to be that R1b became dominant in Europe after ca. 1000 BCE.Not so long ago such a suggestion would not be countenanced. It would have been considered to negate known history etc. Since however recent DNA archaeological findings seem to indicate a lack of R1b before 1000 BCE (or later) then it is closer to being accepted!!!..."

Davidi then quotes from the new study by Sjodin and Francoise: "Whether or not the spread of agriculture in Europe was accompanied by movements of people is a long-standing question in archeology and anthropology, which has been frequently addressed with the help of population genetic data. Estimates on dates of expansion and geographic origins obtained from genetic data are however sensitive to the calibration of mutation rates and to the mathematical models used to perform inference. For instance, recent data on the Y chromosome haplogroup R1b1b2 (M269) have either suggested a Neolithic origin for European paternal lineages or a more ancient Paleolithic origin depending on the calibration of Y-STR mutation rates. Here we examine the date of expansion and the geographic origin of hgR1b1b2 considering two current estimates of mutation rates in a total of fourteen realistic wave-of-advance models. We report that a range expansion dating to the Paleolithic is unlikely to explain the observed geographical distribution of microsatellite diversity, and that whether the data is informative with respect to the spread of agriculture in Europe depends on the mutation rate assumption in a critical way...Wave-of-advance models with a recent expansion date received higher support than models of Neolithic expansion (Table 2, Figures 2'3). We found it difficult to discriminate among models assuming EMR (Neolithic expansion) and models assuming GMRs (Recent expansion). An interpretation of our results is as support for the use of the correction proposed by Zhivotovsky et al [28], [29] in wave-of-advance models. Historical events consistent with recent expansions from the south of Europe during the Bronze age [19] or the Greek and Roman civilization in Europe and West Asia [35] cannot be excluded, but the impact of such demographic events on European genomes requires confirmation from ancient DNA studies. "

Jean of the 'New Vistas on the Distant Past' Website writes: "Per Sjödin and Olivier François have bravely pointed out the obvious in a new paper.* Whether the spread of R1b1b2 (R-M269) can be connected to the spread of farming depends on which mutation rate is used. If the evolutionary mutation rate is favoured, R1b1b2 could be linked to the Neolithic, but germline mutation rates point to a more recent expansion...This discussion has been common currency on these forums for many moons, but courage is required to go into print with a thought that could outdate almost everything previously published on R1b1b2 in peer-reviewed journals. Not that they come to a firm conclusion as to the date of R1b1b2's gallop across Europe. That is wise. We need more ancient DNA. At present we have a tiny number of samples of Y-DNA from Neolithic sites in Europe, in which haplogroup G2a predominated, and no R1b has turned up..."

Jean also writes: "However debate has swung to and fro over the dating of haplogroups. Geneticists in recent years have often used Zhivotovsky's evolutionary effective dating method for Y-DNA, which adjusts the calculated pedigree (genealogical) mutation rate, since in some populations the latter produced unexpectedly late dates. Unfortunately this ad-hoc adjustment seems generally misapplied, producing dating estimates two or three times too old. For example Marcin Woźniak and colleagues point out that the pedigree mutation rate for R1a1a1g [M458] is more consistent with the archaeological record for the Slavs. A study of the Caucasus region found that genealogical estimates gave a good fit with the linguistic and archaeological dates, while the evolutionary effective rates fell far outside them. Another line of enquiry is directly genealogical. Both surnames and Y-DNA haplogroups are passed down in the male line. A group of men with a surname of the same origin should have a common ancestor at the time of surname development. One study found that they mainly did, using a mutation rate similar to the genealogical rather than the evolutionary..."

This would seem to confirm my own opinions expressed on this blog about the origin and dating of the Y-dna of R1b. The sooner this ridiculous evolutionary manipulation of the data is abandoned the better for true science and true history.

Note: It is also interesting to note that hapologroup Y-dna I which I associate with the Assyrian/Samartian advance into Europe has an accelerated HIV progression rate to AIDS and suppression therapy has limited effectiveness. The Hapologroup I has its origin in Turkey and Iraq the area of ancient Assyria. The Wikipedia article states: "Several haplogroup I-M170 individuals who do not fall in known subclades, with some of the greatest Y-STR diversity, have significantly been found among the populations of Turkey (8/741), Adygea (2/138), and Iraq (1/176),even though as a whole Haplogroup I-M170 occurs at only very low frequencies among modern populations of the Middle East and Caucasus. This is consistent with the belief that the haplogroup first appeared in that region...Y-DNA haplogroup I has been researched in connection with HIV and AIDS progression. The research resulted in the finding that haplogroup I in general, and no specific subclade, had accelerated progression (in Y haplogroup I individuals) from HIV to AIDS. Suppression therapy also had a diminished effect on such individuals"