Monday, December 12, 2011

Revised Egyptian Chronology and the Rose Dynasty

The Rose dynasty goes back to the wife of the original founder of the city of Shushan. Shushana (Susan) the original Rose was the wife of Elam founder of Shushan and from her daughter Yiskah Bat Shoshana (wife of Madai) descended the direct Matriarchal line. Yiskah was a prophetess who gazed into the mysteries of the Divine Rose. She studied in the academy of her grandfather Shem (born 2502 died 1902 BC) son of Noah (born 3004 BC died 2054 BC) with her grandmother Sedeketelebab in the city named for her grandmother by Shem. Her sister Ratzonia (Rasueja) Bat Shoshana was the wife of her uncle Arpachshad son of Shem (see the Book of Jubilees). Sedeketelebab means ‘righteousness of the Heart’ and this was the spiritual religion of Noah and Shem based on Divine Mercy (Khesed) and obedience to the Divine Will (Ratzon) as taught by Enoch. The names of Shem’s family reveal the ancient Enochian religion. Shem was known as the Messenger of Righteousness (Malakhitzedek) and in Jewish tradition he became confused with Melchizedek (the King of Righteousness) King of Shalem and the King of the Land of the Rising Sun. Melchizedek was the angelic messenger sent to preserve the patriarchal religion in purity and pass it to Abraham. He continued the Academy of Shem where Isaac and Jacob studied. This is why the Egyptians referred to Shalem as Shem-re.

The name Shemesh (sun) was associated with both Shem and Melchizedek as the sun was a symbol for the Divine Will in which all the divine attributes were united as one. This was the divine Rose seen as a six petalled flower represent by the six stems of the double Shin in the word Shesh the root word for both the number six and the rose (shoshan). This Divine Rose and Sun was also seen as the Divine Seed (Zera/Osirus) and Divine Man (Adam Kadmon/Atum). Who is this Adam Kadmon? He is the Bekadmin Bera of the Aramaic first two words of Genesis read at the mystical level. On the literal level it reads ‘In the beginning created’ and at the mystical level it reveals the mystery of ‘with the Primordial Son’. The Aramaic word for heaven or sky in Genesis 1 is Shamya which in Egyptian becomes Shem-re. Shamya in Hebrew is Shamayim. The concept of the Divine Name (shem) is associated with the Sea (yam/mayim) and with fire (esh). Thus the name (shem) of the Divine Sea (yam/yammah) which is especially linked to divine mercy (khesed) became shamayim (heaven) and the name (shem) of the Divine Fire especially linked to divine Judgment (din/dinah) became shemesh (sun). Shem is associated with the mystery of the double shin as shemesh (sun), as shoshan (rose) and as shesh (six). His father Noah was associated with the mystery of the double mem as his other name was Menakhem and his life is linked to the waters (mayim) of the flood.

Shem’s wife is associated with the mystery of the double bet of the Immaculate Heart (lebb) which is the mirror of the Divine Heart (leb). Reading from left to right this ‘lebb’ is found in the first three words of Genesis in Hebrew ‘eLohim Bera Bereshit’. From the lamed in elohim to the beyt in bereshit is 11 letters representing the array of the 10 sefirot plus the outer face of the sefirah of Keter called Daat (Knowledge) – this is the vessel or lighting flash that cloaks the inner essence of Keter called Ratzon represented by the aleph. This is the mystery of the divine Name El (aleph lamed). The first three letters of the first three words (beyt beyt aleph / BBA) represent the number 221 which are the 221 gates of the Wisdom Rose Wheel with the name EL as its axis or centre. Others call them the 231 gates of Wisdom where the centre is 11 ELs representing the 10 sefirot and the sefirah of Daat counted as 11. The two beyt’s represent Wisdom and Understanding as two hearts and the lamed Knowledge and the aleph Keter. BRA represents the son as head of creation- beyt (binah); resh (reshit/wisdom); and aleph (keter/Crown). [see Sefer Yetzirah by Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan]

The names of the two sons of Arpachshad (born 2402 BC died 2237 BC) reveal the religious split at this time. Cainan (born 2344BC) discovered the ancient writings of the Cainites and revived their cult of Enki, while his brother Khesed remained true to the religion of Enoch (known as An or Anu or Anum). Cainan married Milkam the daughter of Yiskah the prophetess of the Rose. Milkam can mean invested priestess or Queen Mother. Milkam and Cainan were the Queen and King of Eridu. Khesed was the priest-king of Uruk. His daughter Muak married Cainan’s son Shelah (born 2319 died 1886 BC). Shelah’s sister Dinah (Diana Goddess of the Hunt) was a wife of Nimrod the mighty Hunter also called Enmerkar. Dinah’s daughter Azurad married her cousin Eber (born 2284 BC died 1820 BC) founder of the Hebrew people and language after Babel. Babel is heart read in reverse (lebab). Her brother-in-law was Khesed the founder of the city of Ur. Her half-sister was Derketo an evil huntress and warrior Queen. Khesed’s son Ur married Milkam the daughter of Eber and Azurad. Eber was King of the city of Ebla. His son Peleg (born 2250 BC died 2011 BC)) moved from the East to Shinar and married there. Milkam and Ur’s daughters Princess Ora and Princess Azurad married the two sons of Peleg, Reu (born 2124 2220 BC died 1971 BC) and Khaba who would rule Byblos and Egypt. Reu’s son by Princess Ora the High Priestess of Anu was Sargon the Great (born 2188 BC died 1958). This matriarchal Rose dynasty called the Baty Shoshanim were matriarchal ancestors of the Hebrew matriarchal line and the matriarchal Royal line of Egypt. The Royal Pictish matriarchal line was descended from these Daughters of Dinah (Dana/Diana). The Davidic Queens Bathsheba and Tamar were of the matriarchal royal Egyptian line. There descendants were known as Daughters of David or Daughters of Tamar.

The name Nitocris for a legendary Egyptian Queen of the 6th Dynasty with a beautiful white and ruddy complexion refers to the name Intkaes or Anatkaes(also Nutkawes). The Hebrew Matriarchs were known for their fair beauty. Ancient sources such as the Dead Sea Scrolls describe Sarah and Rebecca as having milk white hair and skin. The Bible also describes Rachel as fair of features and form. The beloved in the Song of Songs is also described as white and ruddy. King David is described as of ruddy complexion and hair. The Mystical Rose is also white and red as the Rosa Mundi. The dudaim flower was originally associated with Leah wife of Jacob. It was later in Egypt called sesh or shesh from the double shin in the name of Isaschar. The dudaim flower had three petals or stems (like the fleur de-lys) and this is represented by the three arms of the letter shin. Two shins together are six arms or six petals and the vav between the two shins also is the number six. In some hieroglyphics a three stemmed flower that looks almost identical to the letter Shin is used to transcribe the word Seshen. From dudaim would also come the word Beloved (dodi) in Hebrew and Mery in Egyptian also means Beloved. Miriam or Mariamne means in Egyptian the beloved of Amon. Amon means architect in Hebrew and is the name of Joseph in Egypt. Amon is also the name of the Primordial Torah. Dudumose means ‘the beloved is born’ which was the original name of Moses and his sister Miriam is the ‘beloved of Amon’. As Prince Dudumose Moses also bore on his battle shield the red Magen David (double dalet) design with the two base lines in a vertical formation. The Star of Miriam on her drum was the white Magen David (double mem) with the base lines horizontal. The Star of Miriam is the modern Magen David on the Israeli flag and were the rose Magen Davids of the Tabernacle and Temple. The red Magen was also called the Magen Abraham based on his title of Dudimu in Egypt. His wife Sarai had the white Rose as her emblem.

Sheshen-Yuab also means heart of the rose. Yeb or yuab meaning heart in Egyptian. The name Sheshi is associated with Mayebre (see the heart of Ra) and Yakubher with Meruserre (Beloved Power of Ra). The Stone of Jacob in Egyptian is sheshet yuab. Shesh-t means a white precious stone and yuab heart. This is a confused Egyptian telling of the story of Jacob’s vision of the heart of heaven while sleeping with his head on the Stone (shesh-t). The stone as shesh-t is in the shape of the final mem which is similar to the hieroglyphic ‘m’. The stone as cap-stone is benben and is shaped like the triangular mem. There is some discussion in the Jewish tradition whether the stone tablets of the 10 commandments were in the shesh-t form of the square or rectangular mem or the benben form of the triangular mem. It is quite possible that one of the tablets was in the square shesh-t form and the other in the triangular and pyramidal form. The shesh-t is the foundation or base stone called in Hebrew ‘yesod’ and the benben is the cap-stone of the pyramid. The square base of the pyramid and the triangular sides and cap stone represent this mystery of the two mems and two dalets.

The understanding of the dynasties of Egypt as commonly accepted by academia are a muddled concoction of 12th Dynasty invention mixed with Manetho’s artificial lengthening of Egypt’s antiquity plus the theories of 18th and 19th century Egyptologists. Velikovsky first drew attention to the problems of Egyptian Chronology and many others have followed in his footsteps. The figure of Joseph is important in a reevaluation of the history of Egypt. The so-called 4th, 5th, 6th, and 11th dynasties are in reality Josephite dynasties or what I called the Rose Dynasty. The third Dynasty’s so-called Pharaoh Netjerkhet was in fact Joseph . Joseph (born 1801 BC) was known also as Imhotep, Djoser, Redji, Inyotef, Zaphanat Paneat or Zatenef Ipiankhu, Djedi and Djedefre. He was also called Temu as the priest of On (Heliopolis) which position he inherited from his wife Asenath’s adopted father-in-law the Priest of On (Annu). He was the Great Architect of the whole pyramid complex which he initiated and oversaw until his death in 1691 BC.

Abraham was in Egypt at the time of the so-called 1st dynasty in the time of Pharaoh Den in 1979 BC. This dynasty was descended from Abraham’s ancestors Reu and Sargon. Abraham (b.2059 BC d. 1884 BC) was known to them as Dudimu or Thoth and Sarah as the beautiful Seshen (Lotus Lily). Hagar was Pharaoh’s daughter. The Pharaoh of Joseph’s time was the 2nd Dynasty Pharaoh Khasekhemwy (reigned c.1785-1755 BC) who was originally called Khasekhem but when Joseph and Jacob appeared in Egypt he adapted it to Khasekhemwy which means ‘The Two Powerful Ones Appear’. The 2nd dynasty was the House of Sekhem and was founded by Hotepsekhemwy (Sekhem-kha) who was a great noble in 1st Dynasty Egypt and a descendant of Khaba brother of Reu. The name Sekhem or Sakham means ‘Son of the Sun’. Khasekhem or Kasakham means ‘likeness of the son of the sun’. His grandson Pharaoh Nynetjer (reigned c.1848-1812 BC) mounted an expedition to Canaan which the Egyptians called the Land or House of the North and the city of Shalem they called Shem-re. Nyntjer’s son Khamor the Serpentine was made the Egyptian Prince of this region of Canaan which they named Sekhem in honour of the dynasty. Khamor also named his son Sekhem (or Shekhem) who was the father of Asenath. Khamor was the brother of Pharoah Sekhemib (reigned c.1812-1785 BC) who later took the name Seth-Peribsen and was succeeded eventually by his son Khasekhem. After Dinah gave birth to Asenath, Jacob sought to protect her by sending her to her father’s Egyptian relatives. The Pharoah entrusted his infant niece to the care of the High priest of An (On / Heliopolis). Khasekhemwy was succeeded as Pharaoh by his son Pharaoh Khaba (reigned c.1755-1748 BC) by Queen Namaathap. Pharaoh Khaba married Sheshet a sister or daughter of Phares son of Judah.

The 4th Dynasty was the Josephite dynasty of Ephraim, centred in Abydos in Upper Egypt and they were the coordinators of the Pyramid project which was a great work to reveal the sacred realm in a mirror image on the earth connected with the figure of Orion and the River of the Milky Way. Nasi Ephraim is the father of Nasu Seneferu Lord of Abydos and his brother Nasi Manasseh is Nasu Mentuhotep ancestor of the Memphite 6th Dynasty and the Elephantine 5th dynasty and the Theban 11th dynasty. Their sister Intkaes (Anatkawes/Khenut) married Meriyibre Khety (also called Unas) a son of Hezron (Huni). Joseph’s two grandaughter’s by Intkaes Priestess of Annu and Chantress of Amon were called the White Rose and the Red Rose. Sesheshet-Neferu the White Rose married Montuhotep (Manasseh) Prince of Thebes and her sister Khentkawes (Iput) the Red Rose married Inyotef-Teti (Ankhtify) of Hierakonpolis, his son. Their brother was Neferkare I who ruled in Heraklepolis in Lower Egypt. Inyotef (Joseph) Teti (Ankhtify) led an army against Thebes and his brother Inyotef Wahankh was installed as Nasu of Thebes during the reign of Neferkare III of the House of Khety and he married Neferu the sister of Neferkare III.

Inyotef Wahankh’s sister Meryinyotef (‘beloved of Joseph’) married Khufu (Khapa/ Cheops) Prince of Abydos and Giza (1685-1662) the son of Senefru ( son of Ephraim) Prince of Abydos and Giza (1710-1685). In Hebrew Panei means face (Panim means faces) and in Aramaic face is Apei. Paneah means ‘Face of God’ and Ipiankhu means ‘the face of life’. Khapa (Khufu) means ‘likeness of the faces’. Seneferu Efrayim means ‘son of the beautiful face (or nose) of Ra’. Khafre was the son of Khufu. Khafre or Chephren (1654-1632) means ‘likeness of Efrayim’ or ‘likeness of the nose (or face) of Ra’. Ra is Jacob the one who wrestled and beheld God faces to faces. Khafre’s son was Shepseskare Prince of Abydos and Giza (1632-1625). Djedefre (1662-1654) is ‘He who is the face (or nose) of Ra’. Djedefre’s son was Neferefre Prince of Abydos and Giza (1625-1618). Neferefre was the father of Djedkare-Isesi Prince of Abydos and Giza (1577-1542). Djedkare was the last Hebrew Prince of Abydos and Giza who was defeated by Pharoah Amenemhet I. Around 1566 when Pharaoh Mentuhotep IV fled Egypt Djedkare retreated to the south to Giza. After their defeated by Amenemhet many of the Ephraimites left Egypt to joined their Ephraimite brothers already settled in Lebanon and Palestine. The Philistines in Gaza allied themselves with Amenemhet and massacred many of the Ephramites. Shepseskare’s brothers were Niuserre and Menkaure. Niuserre (1618-1587) means ‘possessed of Ra’s power’. Menkaure (1587-1581) means ‘Eternal Likeness of Ra’. Menkaure’s son was Shepseskaf (Ptahshepses) Prince of Abydos and Giza (1581-1577) and Vizier under his uncle/father-in-law Niuserre Prince of Abydos. Shepseskaf’s wife Khamaat was also called Khamerenebty (Likeness of the beloved Lady) daughter of Niuserre. Menkaure’s wife Khentkaes was also called Khamerenebty.

Heman or Hemon was also a Zerahite Vizier in Egypt and the architect of the Great Pyramid. That the genealogy in Chronicles does refer to the Zerahites we see in 1 Kings 4 that the Zerahites as also called Ezrahites. "For he was wiser than all men, than Ethan the Ezrahite, Heman, Calcol and Darda, the sons of Mahol; and his fame was known in all the surrounding nations." Mahol the son of Zerah was called Nefermaat by the Egyptians and his wife Atet or Itet was a daughter of the son of Ephraim who was known to the Egyptians as Sneferu. Mahol(Mehu) Nefermaat was the husband of the eldest daughter of Sneferu, but Egyptologists believe he is the son rather than the son-in-law of Sneferu. He was also a Vizier of Egypt. The Petrie Museum website states: "The vizier was in almost all periods the head of the administration. The title king's son might mean that Nefermaat was really the son of a king, but there are many examples, especially from the Old Kingdom, where the title was honorific. In the Egyptian language, 'son' could also mean grandson or even great-grandson. Because of the importance of Nefermaat, which can be seen at his huge tomb, he is often regarded as real son of king Snefru. However there is no proof for that." Heman's son Merari (Mereruka) was also a Vizier of Egypt to Inyotef Teti and was the father of Mered (Meriteti) also a Vizier of Pepi I Meryre.

Sneferu son of Ephraim married Hetepheres the daughter of Huni (Hezron) and granddaughter of Phares ha Nasi. Meryret was the daughter of Pharaoh Khaba and his Hebrew wife Sheshet daughter of Phares haNasi (b.1830 BC) and granddaughter of Judah and Tamar. Meryret was the wife of Huni (Hezron). Khaba co-reigned his son-in-law Hezron as Pharaoh Huni (reigned c.1755-1748 BC).  Huni was succeeded by his son Meriyibre Khety Unas (reigned c.1748-1737 BC). His son Neferkare I Akhety (reigned c. 1737-1730). He was succeeded by his brother Nebkaure Akhety (reigned c. 1730-1725 BC). Nebkaure was succeeded by his son Neferkare II Akhety (reigned c. 1725-1720) also called Kaneferre. He was succeeded by his cousin Neferkare III Akhety (reigned c.1720-1715 BC). He was succeeded by his son Userkaf (reigned c.1715-1707 BC). Userkaf was succeeded by his son Sahure (reigned c. 1707-1693 BC). He was succeeded by his brother-in-law Kalkol as Pharaoh Neferirkare (reigned c.1693-1689 BC) the Egyptian Governor and founder of Athens in Greece where clans from the tribes of Dan and Gad had already settled. His brother Darda (Dardanus) settled on the western coast of Turkey (Ionia) with many of the clans of the Zarahites or Ezrahites. Clans of Ephraim settled in Lebanon (Phoenica) and Palestine (Canaan).
Joseph (Djedi) died during his reign aged 110. At this time Joseph's grandson Senefru was Prince of Abydos and Giza.

Neferirkare was succeeded as Pharaoh by his cousin Inyotef I of Thebes (1689-1650) son of Mentuhotep I(Manasseh son of Joseph). Inyotef I was succeeded by his brother Inyotef II Wahankh (1650-1599). He was succeeded by his son Inyotef III (1598- 1589). Inyotef III's son Montuhotep II succeeded him as the Nasi of Thebes. He reigned as Prince of Thebes for 50 years and as Pharaoh for 11 years (reigned 1589-1578). His son Mentuhotep III (reigned c.1578-1566 BC) succeeded him as Pharaoh. His son Mentuhotep IV (1566-1560) reigned only six years and then fled Egypt in ships for the Egyptian colonies with many of his followers. He was usurped by his Vizier Amenemhet whose mother was the daughter of Pharaoh Sahure and his father Senusret a native Egyptian.

Amenemhet I (1560-1530 BC) was the first Pharaoh of the Dynasty that knew not Joseph. He was succeeded by his son Senusret I (reigned c.1530-1484 BC). His son Amenemhet II (reigned c.1484-1449 BC) succeeded him. In his reign Moses’ father Amram the Priest of An and Amon of Hebron entered Egypt. Amenemhet II was succeeded by his son-in law Senusret II (reigned c.1449-1429 BC). Moses adopted mother was Princess Mereret Tamaat (Merris Tarmut) Neferu the daughter of Senusret II and his wife Queen Neferet daughter of Pharaoh Amenemhet II. Moses was born in 1430 BC in the reign of Senusret II. Moses mother became Queen Mereret when her father died and her husband and half-brother Senusret III (reigned c. 1429-1388 BC) became Pharaoh. In Sensuret III's 16 year the 17 year old Moses was made the King's Son of Kush when he was successful in the Nubian (Kushite/ Ethiopian) campaign. Josephus tells us that he married the daughter of the Ethiopian King and it was this that later Miriam and Aaron criticised Moses about. Sensuret praised this 'son' of his even though he is not his biological child. The Stela reads: 

"Year 16, third month of winter: the king made his southern boundary at Heh. I have made my boundary further south than my fathers. I have added to what was bequeathed me. (...) As for any son (ie. successor) of mine who shall maintain this border which my Majesty has made, he is my son born to my Majesty. The true son is he who champions his father, who guards the border of his begetter. But he [who] abandons it, who fails to fight for it, he is not my son, he was not born to me. Now my majesty has had an image made of my majesty, at this border which my majesty has made, in order that you maintain it, in order that you fight for it." 

At 20 years of age in the the 19th Year of his adopted father Sensuret III he was made co-ruler with his adopted father as Amenemhet III when he was successful again in the Nubia (Ethiopian) campaign of that year. He left Egypt about 1390 and left his son by his Egyptian wife Hetepti (his adopted sister daughter of Sobeknefru and her half-brother Sensuret III) with his adopted Mother. 

Moses’ son Amenemhet IV on the death of Sensuret III in 1388 became Pharaoh and Mereret became the Regent as Sobekneferu. Amenemhet IV removed to Thebes on his grandmother’s death and his descendants continued there until they once again ruled Egypt as the 17th and 18th Mosaic or Theban Dynasties. Many have in recent years realised that the Pharoah of the Exodus must be from the 13th Dynasty as first proposed by Velikovsky. Some claim that Dudimose or Dudumose (Tutimaos/Thothmose) was the Pharoah of the Exodus. In fact this was the name of Moses who was also as a general called Mer-meshoi and then as co-Pharoah Amenemhet III. Neferhotep replaced Amemenhet IV and he was succeeded by his brother Sobekhotep IV. Most of the 13th Dynasty Pharoahs were contemporary with the 12th Dynasty and it is the 13th Dynasty Pharoah Sobekhotep IV Khaneferre who is the Pharoah of the Exodus. It is said that he married one of the Princesses descended from Senusret III. The Exodus occurred around 1350 BC. The Israelites entered the Promised Land around 1310 BC.

Joseph is also known as Djoser Ateti and Netjerkhet. Ateti can also be written Adedi or Teti or Dedi or Thoth or Tuti or Dodi. Thus Djoser Ateti is the same as Yosef haDodi – Joseph the Beloved. The word kawes or kaes is kalleh (bride) in Hebrew. The name Intkaes or Anatkawes means the Bride of Heaven (Nut) and the name Netjerkhet can mean the Divine Body or the divine Bridegroom (Khatan). The House of Akhety is thus the House of the Bridegroom. Asenut (also called Anath) means the beloved of the sky goddess Nut. This beloved of Nut is also called Isis. The As in Asenath is Isis. The Egyptians called Asenath Isis and the Ephraimite Phoenicians called her Anath. Isis is the Egyptian version of the promised Isha of Genesis 3:15 and her seed the Zera is associated with Sirius (zerius) which is Osirus in Egypt. In Sumer Henoch is known as Anu or Anum and is also associated with the Zera (Seed) and the constellation of the Divine Man Sirius or Orion. His wife and daughter-in-law were both called Edna or Edni (Edinah or Dinah) and were seen as types of the promised Isha. The mother of Abraham was also called Edna. This term Edni or Etni meant a priestess-princess in ancient Sumer. Cain’s son Henoch is also called Enki in Sumer and is called Anubis in Egypt. The name Kaleb or Kawab means the soul (or likeness) of the heart and is also Geb (Gaweb/Galeb) the earth God of Egypt represented by the phallus. This is Yesod or Brit in the Jewish understanding of the Sefirot. The Egyptian Ennead of nine gods is a corruption of the the Jewish and Enochian understanding of the Attributes (Sefirot). Kaleb was a descendant of Phares Judah and he married the Ephraimite Hetepheres (Efrata) daughter of Khufu. He also married Miriam daughter of the Vizier Mered of Zerah Judah. Jewish tradition relates that King David was a descendant of this Caleb and Miriam. Their daughter Shoshana married Amram (Anbaram) of Levi.

Further revision of the datings of the ancient world also need to be taken into account. The date usually given for the destruction of the First Temple of Solomon today in 586 BC whereas Jewish sources say 422-5 BC- in fact I believe it is around 460-5 BC. Solomon lived in the 9th century BC not the tenth. The First Temple was built around the 860 BC. I believe the datings of the Exodus in the 13th dynasty, Solomon in the 18th dynasty and the time of the Babylonian Exile in the 19th dynasty by Velikovsky to be correct. However I believe Velikovsky's dates have to be revised down as he accepted the 586 BC dating of the Destruction of the the First Temple. I believe that originally Jewish authorities dated the Temple to around 460 BC but later adjusted it by 40 years so that the 490 years ended at the destruction of the Second Temple rather than the crucifixion of Jesus. Thus Rameses II lived in the 5th century BC.

It would seem that recent testing of the DNA of the mummy of Tutankhamun and the mummies of other 18th Dynasty royals have demonstrated that Tutankhamun and his grandfather Amenhotep III belong to R1b1a2 a haplogroup found commonly in Western Europe. This has caused a great upset in certain circles. However those who accept the revision of Egyptian history suggested by the Jewish genius Immanuel Velikovsky should not be surprised. It would seem that Zahi Hawass is also hiding more results that don't fit with accepted Eygptologists theories. Reading through all the discussions it would seem that there is a break in the Y-dna of the 18th Dynasty. One article on Wikipedia states that the dna evidence shows Thutmose III is not the son of Thutmose II. However reading the study the article references this doesn't seem to be what it says. However I do believe there may be a break in the y-dna line and that Amenhotep II is not the natural son of Thutmose III but his relative and adopted son.

Velikovsky and Isaac Newton stated that Thutmose III was the Pharoah Shishak mentioned in the Bible who sacked Jerusalem in the 5th year of the reign of King Rehoboam the son of King Solomon. Velikovsky also in his book "Ages in Chaos" associated the Queen of Sheba with Queen Hatshepsut who was the aunt, step mother and regent for Thutmose III. Egyptologists state that Thutmose II who was the husband of Hatshepsut was also the father of Thutmose III by another wife Iset. We know that Queen Hatshepsut had a sister Nefrubity who disappears from Egyptian history and is assumed to have died young by many Egyptologists. However some who follow Velikovsky believe that she was the Royal Egyptian wife of King Solomon. I propose that Amenhotep II (Prince Siamun) is in fact the young cousin of Thutmose III who was brought back to Egypt with his mother at the time of his raid on Egypt and with the death of his own son Amenemhat made him his heir. Thutmose III married his aunt who now took the name Hatshepsut-Merytre in honour of her older sister. Thus Amenhotep II became the step son of Thutmose III. Amenhotep II's brother (or nephew) may have been Yuya also a son (or grandson) of Solomon (who was also called Yedidiya)and his Egyptian wife. Amenhotep II was married to his cousin Tia (Tamar)the beautiful daughter of Prince Absalom of Israel.

Thus Amenhotep II and his descendants are of the same y-dna as the Davidic Royal House. Elsewhere I have discussed the Davidic y-dna as R1b1a2-L21. It is therefore interesting that the y-dna of Tutankhamun, his father (some believe his father was Akhenaten others his brother Smenkare) and grandfather Amenhotep III are R1b1a2. Amenhotep II also had a son called Userstatet the King's Son of Kush who may have been the Zerah the Cushite (Ethiopian) of the Bible. It is also possible that he was the ancestor of the Ethiopian Solomonic Dynasty. Userstatet's father is also called Siamun which is the Egyptian version of Solomon. Bathsheba the mother of Solomon was the daughter of Prince Siamun of Egypt (called Ammiel in Hebrew)and she called her son after her father. Egyptologists list Siamun as the brother of Amenhotep I. Also at this time there was a Lector-Priest called Siamun whose mother was called the chantress Amenhotep. Bathsheba's father Siamun converted to the Israelite faith and took the name Ammiel or Eliam. The pagan son of Amon (si-amun) becomes part of the People of God (ammiel). Bathsheba as a daughter of convert parents from the Egyptian Royal family firstly marries the converted Hittite General Uriah. Solomon as a son of a mother of Royal Egyptian origin is considered a suitable husband for Pharoah's Daughter. It is also possible that Lady Tuya (the wife of Lord Yuya)was a daughter of Lord Menna and his wife Princess Henuttawi. Lord Menna was the grandson of Prince Nathan of Israel (a full brother of King Solomon). Menna's tomb can be found in Egypt.

Hatshepsut is identified as the Queen of Sheba who is also called the Queen of the South and Queen of Egypt and Ethiopia. She in fact was the High Queen and Priestess of an advanced southern hemisphere Empire that included Southern Africa, Australia, South America and India. She is a cousin of Bathsheba the Queen Mother of Israel and Tamar Queen of Geshur. This Empire is known as the Red Empire (Rhoda /Rudra /Ruda /Riata/ Ruadh). The city of Rhoda in North America is named for this Empire as is Dal Riata in Ireland and Scotland. It was also known as Mu, Lemuria, Amu, Marutz as it was settled by descendants of Aram. The name Rudra is associated with Mars and is one of the Hindu Gods and the name Marutz is the origin of the name Mars (Ares). The Celtic God Rudiobus is also associated with Mars.

The greater Australian continent was bombarded with missiles (meteors?) from some celestial events involving Mars the Red planet. The red dust of inland Australia reminds one of the red planet. The South West of Western Australia was the Land of Kedar and the Kedarites later settled in Arabia. It is from here that the Kedarites famous frankincense came made from the Australian Sandalwood tree. The Kedarite Queens of Arabia were descended from these Queen-Priestesses of Dinah (Diana/ Dana).

The Land of Hend (Sundaland) which was part of the Kingdom of Sheba (Sinim/ Mu)

The gold bearing central and Northern Western Australia is called Sheba and Dedan. For a long period Western Australia (which was larger before the cataclysmic events sunk much of the coastlands into the sea) was separated from Arabia and India by a volcanic wall of fire in a strait called the Sabbaton. The black aborigine population of Australia were descendants of Ham's called Sheba and Dedan. Later the white sons of Joktan settled in Sheba and Dedan and this was the first home of Job (called Uz or Oz). Uz was a son of Aram. The port city of Ophir (Perth) was also in south-west Australia in the region called Send or Sheba while the Northern part which was connected to Sri Lanka and Indonesia was called Hend (Havilah). It is also possible that the fiery Sabbaton River was the water separating Hend and Send. Some of the 10 lost tribes headed south from Iran (possibly via India)and settled in Western Australia (original Kedar) around 400 BC joining the remnants of the Ephraimite Phoenician /Egyptian colonists whose Empire had been destroyed by the conflict with Mars mentioned by Velikovsky. Further destruction occurred around 540 AD when some kind of meteors hit off the Northern coast of Australia ushering in the Dark Ages in Europe and the end of the Arthurian Empire (see King Arthur and the Comet).

The Land of Mu (Sheba/ Sinim) and its two halves Hend (Sunda) and Send (Sahul)

Hatshepsut was the daughter of Queen Ahmose who married the Egyptian Pharoah called Thutmose I. Ahmose was the daughter of Shiva (Rudra/Kedar/Kedarnath)who was remembered in India as a God and his wife Makeda (also known as Chandika /Kandake). The Ephraimite Phoenicians and Egyptians had settled in Western Australia before 1400 BC were ruled by their Queen -Priestesses of the daughters of Dinah and Asenath and a Zerahite Egyptian Governor descended from Hemon. Shiva was this Royal Governor or King of Kedar/Sheba descended from the Red Branch of Zerah-Judah (Dyeus /Zeus /Jupiter).

Using the actual ydna rates found in R1b families and also taking into account Immanuel Velikovsky's redating of King Tutankhamen's Dynasty to the ninth century BC fits the evidence of a later date much better. This is confirmed by the Radio Carbon datings of artifacts in Tutankhamen's tomb. As Velikovsky wrote: "...In 1971, or seven years later, the British Museum processed palm kernels and mat reed from the tomb of Tutankhamen. The resulting dates, as Dr. Edwards, Curator of the Egyptian Department of the British Museum, wrote to the University of Pennsylvania radiocarbon laboratory, were -899 for the palm kernels and -846 for the mat reed...".

Thus I would date R1b1a2 to between 3,000-4,000 years ago in Ancient Israel. I would also date its parent R1b to about 4000 years ago. A large grouping of R1b1a2 moved in to the Caucasus Mountain region of Assyria about 2,500 years ago and from here moved in different waves into Europe across the Russian (Scythian) steppes. Tutankhamun received his R1b1a2 dna from King Solomon (who married an Egyptian Princess)who lived about 150 years before Tutankhamun according to Velikovsky. Thus his ydna would most likely be R1b1a2-L21 which I believe is the ydna signature of the Royal Davidic House. This does not mean that Tutankhamun looked like a red-haired Scotsman or like his red-haired ancestor King David. However in the mummies of this dynasty there is evidence of red and blonde hair in the Royal family and their ancestors. One's racial features come from the mix of all one's ancestors not just the ancestry of one's father's direct male line.

Thus Tutankhamun reigned from about 713-703 BC when King Joash was King of Judah. His grandfather Amenhotep III reigned from about 771-733 BC around the time of Kings Jehoshaphat and Jehoram of Judah. Akhnaten lived during the reigns of Kings Jehoram, Ahaziah and Joash as well as Queen Athaliah. Thutmose III who died around 787 BC in the reign of King Asa the grandson of King Solomon. Solomon's son by the Egyptian Princess Nefrubity (later Queeen Hapshepsut-Meryte of Egypt wife of Thutmose III)Amenhotep II (formerly Prince Siamun)reigned from about 807-781 BC. Amenhotep II's brother may have been Prince Yeh or Yeho who was the father of Lord Yuya (Yedidiya)) and Lady Mutemwiya (who married her cousin Thutmose IV).Thutmose IV (died c.771 BC) was the father of Amenhotep III.

Another of Amenhotep II's sons was Usersatet (Zerah) King's Son of Kush the ancestor of the later Kushite (Nubian) dynasty that ruled Egypt. Userstatet's mother was  Tiaa Nenunhermentes the daughter of Heman (Hermen) of the House of Zerah-Judah (a son of Gani (Ganesha/ Gindibu) the Royal Governor of Mu (Rhoda) of the House of Zerah-Judah) and Nenuna (Netuna) a daughter of Mattatha the yibum son of Prince Nathan (Narada) of Israel.

 Piye or Piankhi of the 25th Dynasty is the same person as Piankhi of the the 23rd dynasty. He reigned about 695-679 BC around the time of King Uzziah of Judah. His son Shabaka reigned from about 679-655 BC. Another son was Pinedjiem I of the so-called 21st Dynasty who was the High Priest of Amun and Thebes. Another son the Pharoah Tarhaka was the ancestor of the later Kings of Kush/Nubia beginning with his son Atlanersa who died around 592 BC. Piye or Piankhi was the son of the Kushite (Nubian) Kashta whose parents were Amenhotep-Huy King of Kush and Nefer daughter of Tutankhamun. Piankhi married Hrere the daughter of Horemheb (also identified with Herihor).

Rameses XI has been confused with Rameses I (Necho I). Tentamun (Tia-Sitre) daughter of the priest Nebseni married Rameses. Tentamun's grandmother was Tamosi (Tamar/ Tia). Tentamun was named in honour of Pharoah Tantamani who reigned from about 613-605 BC. Their daughter Duathathor-Henuttawi married Pinedjem High Priest of Amun. Another daughter also called Tentamun (Tia-Sitre) married Smendes I of Lower Egypt. Pinedjem I's granddaughter Maatkare (daughter of Psusennes I High Priest of Amun) married Osorkon son of Shoshenk.

After the reign of Tantamani Egypt was invaded by Libyan (Berber/Meshwesh/Milesian) tribesmen led by Shoshenk and he was succeeded by his son Orsokon who married the daughter of the High Priest of Amun. Egyptologists state: "...At some unknown point in his reign, Seti I defeated Libyan tribesmen who had invaded Egypt's western border. Although defeated, the Libyans would pose an ever increasing threat to Egypt during the reigns of Merenptah and Ramesses III. The Egyptian army also put down a minor “rebellion” in Nubia in the 8th year of Seti I. Seti himself did not participate in it although his Crown Prince, the future Ramesses II, may have...". It would seem that the Egyptologists as usual have totally muddled this dynasty and created shadow Pharoahs. The later so-called Pharoah of the Libyan dynasties are in fact local rulers and High Priests of Thebes. These Libyan rulers descend from the Sokho or Sokar (Osorkon) and would seem to be connected to the Milesians in Egypt. The Battle of Kadesh in the time of Seti I (Psamtik) and Rameses II (Necho) was at the end of the reign of King Josiah of Judah.

Rameses II's son was Seti II (also called Psamtik)who reigned from about 420-403 BC and was the father of Apries (who was also called Merenptah I and Hophra) who reigned from about 403-383 BC. As mentioned previously the so-called Rameses XI was in fact Rameses I. Rameses IX's mother was Princess Takhat a daughter of Merenptah II Sipta the son of Seti II Amasis reigned from 420-403 BC. Psamtik III (Seti III) may have been the Persian Governor of Egypt under Arsames according to Velikovsky.

Velikovsky identified Rameses III with Nectanebo I and his son Rameses VI with Nectanebo II.  It is also interesting that in the Gaelic Milesian legends the Pharoah is also called Nectanebo the father of Scota (Sukkota /Asenath). Rameses III's mother was Queen Tia (Tamara) daughter of Prince Nilius of the Milesians and Princess Asenath (Sukkota/Isnetnofret) of Judah (daughter of Zedekiah). Asenath's sister Tamar (Tia)was the mother of Nathan the Red (Nuadha) who was also known as Rudamon and Nepherites (Nefaarud) who overthrew Persian rule in Upper Egypt around 400-395 BC in the reign of Ahaseurus (around 406-392 BC) the son of Darius the Mede and husband of Queen Esther. These daughters of Zedekiah fled to Egypt with Jeremiah the prophet after 460 BC. Rameses III's wife was also a Jewess called Asenath (Iset/Isis)whose mother may have been Tamar (Tia/Tyti/ Ta-Hemdjert) the wife of Nathan the Red. They were the parents of Rameses IV (Teos) and Rameses VI (Nectanebo II).

Cambyses's conquest of Egypt was around 410-405 BC. Cambyses was the son of Cyrus (reigned around 410-405). Confusion has resulted in the faculty datings of the Kings of Persia. There is no Cambyses I and II but one Cambyses who was the son of Cyrus (there is no Cyrus II either). Modern historians claim that there were 10 kings over 208 years whereas Rabbinic tradition says 4 kings over 52 years. The Libyan or Milesian rulers of Egypt battled against Persian rule and eventually most of the R1b descendants left Egypt for Libya (Morocco) and the western part of North Africa eventually settling in Spain for a time before moving to Ireland and Britain beginning in the 3rd century BC.

Saturday, December 10, 2011

Chachapoyas: the Cloud Warriors of Peru

I wrote about the Chachpoyas in my blog article about King Arthur and the Comet. Sarah Shepherd on September 20 wrote in her article "Ancient European Races of the World Show up in Places though Impossible". "The Chachapoya were an Andean people of Peru thought to have inhabited the land around 800 AD. A tall, white race with blonde hair who built great structures high up in the mountains, they were known to the Inca as the "Cloud People".

Conquered by the Inca just years before the Spanish conquistadors arrived, the remaining Chachapoya were absorbed into and ruled by the Incan Empire.

The Chachapoya did not leave behind any written record. What is known of them comes from accounts like the one from Spanish chronicler Pedro Cieza de Leon who noted the Chachapoya were very white, that the men were handsome, the women were beautiful and that they were a gentle group of people.

DNA testing on the mummies they left behind showed the Chachapoya have markers that are associated with Europeans..."

I have seen that a few other websites also mention that the Chachapoyas have European markers but haven't as yet found any confirmation for this. I suspect that the later Chachapoyas population would have mixed origins with only a remnant of the original dna that would be related to European dna. It would seem that there is a campaign to hide the results of the dna of the Chachapoyas and to downplay the white origins of these people. There is today a racism in reverse in much of academia.

Thursday, December 8, 2011

Evolution Debate

Early this year I had a rather heated debate with a Catholic on the Hebrew Catholic Discussion Board who is also a staunch evolutionist. He is a lovely man and very intelligent but on this issue he seems unable to discuss without resorting to anger and name calling. I felt some of my readers would find my end of the discussion interesting.

"I read recently that the chimp dna had finally been fully sequenced and the article I read claimed that it found 4% not 2% differences as previously held by scientists. And this study says 5%.

I wonder what the next study will say. Common design explains these similarities and differences just as well if not better than any evolutionary theories."

"And I forgot to add this one which states that the similarities are only 86.7. .."

"...I read recently a study that has shown that human dna is not so close to chimp dna as once thought and that in fact pigs have a closer dna. So maybe we evolved from pig-like creatures rather than ape-like creatures. Scientists are still arguing all these things and genetics is still in its infancy days. Theories have come and gone rapidly over the last ten years in this field alone.

Of course those of us who don't accept evolution expect that human and other living creatures will have a great degree of dna in common but that is not because one evolved from the other but because we live in the same environment. If we didn't then we would be unable to eat plants or animals- they would be
poison to us.

I would have no problem as a believer in God accepting that God could have make the original matter out of nothing and then formed all that is in the world through an evolutionary process from that original creation ex nihilo (is that not also magical creationism- creation ex nihilo- I'm sure the atheists
would think so). However I do not accept the evolutionary process as taught by Darwin because I see no evidence that that was how it happened. How God formed all things from the original ex nihilo creation matter is where we have disagreements. We all know that the Bible states that God formed man out of the dust of the earth so even your so called fundamentalist creationists believe man came from preexisting materials that God formed. Thus we know that everything in
our living environment was formed by God from what he originally created ex nihilo- How he did it - using evolution or some other process is where we disagree. I don't think many of us believe God just popped man and the animals etc out of the air with no connection to anything else (not least that we all
share the one Creator whose Divine Will upholds all things). Our whole environment and world has a deep inter-connection on both a material and spiritual level.

By the way I can't see that your analogy of the automobile is
any more apt than the yunkyard- both refer to inanimate things not living. It is the ideas and thoughts of the Designer that evolve not the automobiles which do not evolve from each other. I also wonder what part you do believe God played in the evolutionary process or do you believe he just sets things going with the Big bang and everything developed without any imput from God? That is the impression I get from what you write. Please correct me if this isn't so. I do not believe it is necessary to talk about God in the science class but then I don't believe he should be excluded either. However any decision by American
courts to exclude creationism doesn't impress me either as they desire to exclude God and religion totally from schools..."

"...No you didn't quote to me the latest findings at all- they were the opinion of evolutionary scientists of the 1970's which has since around 2000 been challenged by the gradual full sequencing of the chimp dna and comparing it with the human. In the 1960's they tried to use primate organs as transplants in
humans but it didn't work, they have had much more success with pig organs.

You might like to read this study about the pig dna.\
By the way I never referred you to any religious or creationist sources only scientific research papers (evolutionary ones who I don't even agree with).

I freely confess I do have a religious prejudice- I 100% believe in God and that he created all that is and that he upholds all constantly through his Divine Will present in all things. I do believe that creatures and the mathematical laws reveal evidence of an intelligent designer/creator. I believe in both faith and reason. I do believe that cars and animals and humans and rocks have an intelligent designer and that they didn't come to be through blind chance of evolutionary forces swirling around in a primordial soup. Every aspect of the Universe was carefully and loving designed and created by God- if he did
this through an evolutionary process or a common design process or some other manner I don't understand at this stage- then I am happy to accept that. So far everything I have read supporting evolution is flimsy and can just as easily be
explained by common design.

I have seen the bigotry and prejudice of the scientific and academic establishment to those who question their ideas- one can read how badly they treated Velikovsky who questioned the accepted science and history of the day-
later on many things he was proven to be correct regarding things like space not being a vacuum, that it had radio waves, the temperature of Venus and its opposite rotation to the other planets, that the last Ice Age wasn't 15,000,000 years ago etc. And Velikovsky wasn't a creationist but a fellow evolutionist-
but not the kind they approved of at that time. I also know of the many Australian Aboriginal people who were murdered because the Darwinian evolutionary science of the 19th century decreed them to be inferior and sub human and thus Ok to exterminate like an animal that had become a pest- it was only the churches that insisted they were fully human and descendants of Adam and Eve and fought to protect them..."

"...By the way I did read the Wikipedia article as you said. and I found this.

"The draft sequence of the common chimpanzee genome published in the summer 2005 showed the regions that are similar enough to be aligned with one another account for 2400 million of the human genome's 3164.7 million bases[21] – that
is, 75.8% of the genome. This 75.8% of the human genome is 1.23% different from the chimpanzee genome in single nucleotide polymorphisms[21] (changes of single DNA "letters" in the genome). Another type of difference, called indels (insertions /deletions) account for another ~3 % difference between the alignable sequences.[21] In addition, variation in copy number of large segments (> 20 kb) of similar DNA sequence provides a further 2.7% difference between the two
species.[22] Hence the total similarity of the genomes could be as low as about 70%."

I also read this; "The human genome was sequenced using a hierarchical shotgun method which can deal with duplications and difficult-to-assemble sequences better than the whole genome shotgun method that was used for the chimpanzee
draft genome. The human genome was used as a template for the assembly of the draft chimpanzee genome, on the assumption that the two genomes would be similar." How on earth is it unprejudiced science when they assume that chimp
and human dna will be similar just because some evolutionary theory of the past said they are.

The article goes on to take other factors in to account to raise the percentage of similarity with humans and still they can only come to 5% not 2% as you claim and as they claimed for 30 odd years. " The overall sequence divergence between humans and chimpanzees for example is close to 5% if indels would be included."

What I understood from this that there actually has never been any real comparison of the full human and chimp genomes without filling in with the assumptions of evolutionary theories. Some science!!!!! It is science mixed with philosophical assumptions and even then they can't stretch it back to the 2% so boldly claimed 30 years ago. I guess this is why both Father Jaki and the Pope stated that evolution is not a fully verified /proven scientific theory. That we must take this theory seriously and that it is not just any old theory I can agree with- but from what I can see it is the evolutionists that are using smoke and mirrors (many of them sincerely as they have been indoctrinated in it and have formed their whole world view from it)..."

I will leave my final comment in this discussion to Professor Maciej Giertych who stated, 
"Evolutionists main argument is that there are small positive (beneficial) mutations which occur in the reproductive cells and are then retained by natural selection. These mutations, they say, accumulate and cause one species to gradually change into another. I am a geneticist and I can confirm that in all the laboratories around the world where many generations of organisms have been produced, no where have positive mutations ever been observed. For evolution to occur we need new genes full of new genetic information. There is no natural process known which will produce these new genes either by isolation, selection, mutation, or breeding. This is not possible."

Dinosaurs and Blood Collagen

 Stegosaurus at Angkor wat from 800 years ago

It is amazing how far modern evolutionists will go to not face the truth. I have written before about the blood collagen and soft tissue that scientists have found in dinosaur bones. Instead of coming to the most obvious conclusion which would be that dinosaurs could not have lived millions of years ago, they instead are desperate to find some way to make blood collagen last for millions of years.

 An article in "Nature" entitled "Twisted structure preserved dinosaur proteins" discusses one such attempt. "Scientists have discovered how fragments of the protein collagen might have survived in fossilized dinosaur bones. The intertwining, rope-like structure of the molecule, a major component of bone, could have shielded parts of the protein from enzymes and the elements for tens of millions of years, they say. The results, which are published in PLoS ONE1, support the contentious claim that dinosaur proteins have been recovered and sequenced..." The article continues: "The study is "interesting and plausible, but speculative", says Marshall Bern, a computer scientist at Palo Alto Research Center in California, who has also analysed dinosaur-protein data. "It's hard to extrapolate too far from the little bit of sequence that has been found," he says."

 Stephen Salzburg is having none of it as he knows that it is impossible for collagen to survive such a long time. However he too cannot accept the obvious conclusion and has to false back on a equally dubious solution to the dilemma- that the collagen is contaminates from modern species. "...Others are more sceptical. Stephen Salzberg, a geneticist at the University of Maryland in College Park, has already posted a critical comment about the paper at PLoS ONE, saying that the peptides that the team analysed "are contaminants from modern species"...Salzberg says that the oldest verified proteins are bacterial molecules hundreds of thousands of years old found in ice cores. The dinosaur bones are many times older than that, and were found in temperate Idaho. Theoretical predictions and lab experiments suggest that proteins cannot survive for more than a few million years..." 

 In fact other evolutionary scientists have stated that blood collagen cannot survive much past 30,000 years. Mary Schweitzer who also believes in the evolutionary dating of the dinosaurs disagrees with Salzburg. "...But Schweitzer, who also contributed to the latest study, counters that if the collagen fragments were contaminants, they should have come from random parts of the structure. Instead, they all came from the most protected parts of the microfibril, supporting the idea that they are genuine dinosaur relics...Schweitzer notes that her claims have been supported by two labs besides her own3. Furthermore, no collagen was found in sediments around the fossils, as would have been expected if the molecules were contaminants; and the team got positive results when testing the samples using antibodies that stick to collagen and other bone proteins. As well as telling us how dinosaurs lived, Schweitzer believes that work on their proteins could inform the design of more effective and resilient collagen for use in prostheses or medical implants..."

 Both Salzburg and Schweitzer are right on their area of expertise based on scientific evidence, where both of them go wrong is accepting the fantasies of evolutionary theorist and philosophers about the ages of the dinosaur fossils. How long will these scientist continue to remain blind to the truth- that evolution is a theory that has passed its used by date.

Tuesday, November 29, 2011

Sons of Levi and Aaron

In other articles I have written about R1b-ht-35 being the haplotype of the authentic sons of Levi and Aaron. I have also written of the region of northern England and southern Scotland as a region of Jewish Christian settlement in Roman times. It would seem that those places that have R1b-ht-35 also have Eb3 and J2. R1b-ht35, Eb3 and J2 are also found among those claiming Levite and Cohen status among Jews today. This represents an influx of Second Temple Jewish diaspora. While those places in which R1b-ht35 is found without Eb3 and J2 are descended from the earlier First Temple Levites and Cohanim before the Samaritan admixture entered among the Israelite families of the sons of Levi in the time of the Maccabees.

"...Research conducted by the administrators of the Border Reivers DNA Project has identified numerous haplotypes in persons of British descent that show Haplotype 35 markers. Moreover, most of these haplotypes appear to originate from areas of Britain near the Antonine Wall, Hadrian's Wall and other places of Roman fortification or settlement. These areas include Galloway, Dumfries, Ayrshire and The Borders in Scotland, and Cumbria, Yorkshire, Lancashire, Shropshire and Staffordshire in England. Many of the Roman troops stationed in these areas came from Southeastern Europe or Western Asia. They included Sarmatians, Dacians, Goths, Syrians, Mesopotamians, Thracians and Anatolians. The Capelli study has shown that these areas also exhibit higher than average frequencies of haplogroups E3b and J2, neither of which is native to Britain. E3b is found most commonly in North Africa, Iberia, the Mediterranean and the Near East,and J2 occurs most frequently in the Near East, the Mediterranean and Western Asia. The fact that all three groups - E3b, J2 and Haplotype 35 - have a similar origin in territories of the Roman Empire, and occur at comparable frequencies in parts of Britain with a known history of Roman settlement, suggests that they arrived in Britain through the same means..."

Note: E3b is also known as E1b1b (E-M215)

see King Arthur of Britain

see The Book of the Scottish Kabbalah

see Cohanim ht-35

see Sons of Jacob

Monday, November 28, 2011

Was Hitler a Rothschild?

One often comes across statements that Adolf Hitler was the paternal grandson of an Ashkenazi Jew. The two main claimants to this are Leopold Frankenberger and one of the Rothschild's family- claims are made for Baron Solomon Mayer Rothschild, Lionel Nathan Rothschild and Nathan Mayer Rothschild. Recent genetic testing on male relatives of Hitler demonstrate that he indeed belongs to E1b1b (E3b) which is common among Ashkenazi Jews. I believe this Levite Samaritan strand entered Judaism in Second Temple Times. It would seem that Frankenberger is the most likely candidate of Hitler's grandfather as proposed by Hans Frank.

The Rothschild's family descended from Amschel Mayer Rothschild belong to J2 ydna which some claim is the Cohen ydna. The legend is that the Rothschild's family descend from Rabbi Mayer (Meir) a grandson of the Emperor Nero. However I believe it is the ydna of the Samaritan convert to Judaism called Zadok who founded the Sadduccean sect of Judaism. J2 Jewish claimants to Cohen status descend from this Samaritan-Jewish Zadok who claimed priestly status. J1 Cohens descend from the Samaritan High priest Ishmael of First Temple Times whose descendants (the Shammaites/Shamerim) also converted to Judaism in the time of the Maccabees. The actual Cohen and Levite lineage coming from Aaron and Levi is R1b-ht35.

Thus I think it is conclusive that Hitler was not a member of the Rothschild's family but Leopold Frankenberger may have been his grandfather.

Wednesday, November 9, 2011

More on Tutankhamun ydna

For those who have been following the discussion about the ydna of the Egyptian Pharoah's related to Tutankhamun the following link on CTV News dated 2 August 2011 may be of interest.

The article discusses how iGenea is offering a ydna test for those interested in finding out if they are closely related to King Tut. Of course they are following the latest evolutionary datings for R1b1a2 that date its genesis back to the Caucasus region around 9,500 years ago and its entry into Europe 7,000 years ago. This is better than the previous datings of R1b and R1b1a2 but still much too old.

Using the actual ydna rates found in R1b families and also taking into account Immanuel Velikovsky's redating of King Tutankhamen's Dynasty to the ninth century BC fits the evidence of a later date much better. This is confirmed by the Radio Carbon datings of artifacts in Tutankhamen's tomb. As Velikovsky wrote: "...In 1971, or seven years later, the British Museum processed palm kernels and mat reed from the tomb of Tutankhamen. The resulting dates, as Dr. Edwards, Curator of the Egyptian Department of the British Museum, wrote to the University of Pennsylvania radiocarbon laboratory, were -899 for the palm kernels and -846 for the mat reed..."

Thus I would date R1b1a2 to between 3,000-4,000 years ago in Ancient Israel. I would also date its parent R1b to about 4000 years ago. A large grouping of R1b1a2 moved in to the Caucasus Mountain region of Assyria about 2,500 years ago and from here moved in different waves into Europe across the Russian (Scythian) steppes. Tutankhamun received his R1b1a2 dna from King Solomon (who married an Egyptian Princess)who lived about 150 years before Tutankhamun according to Velikovsky. Thus his ydna would most likely be R1b1a2-L21 which I believe is the ydna signature of the Royal Davidic House. This does not mean that Tutankhamun looked like a red-haired Scotsman or like his red-haired ancestor King David. However in the mummies of this dynasty there is evidence of red and blonde hair in the Royal family and their ancestors. One's racial features come from the mix of all one's ancestors not just the ancestry of one's father's direct male line.

Note: Further revision of the datings of the ancient world also need to be taken into account. The date usually given for the destruction of the First Temple of Solomon today in 586 BC whereas Jewish sources say 422-5 BC- in fact I believe it is around 460-5 BC. Solomon lived in the 9th century BC not the tenth. The First Temple was built around the 860 BC. I believe the datings of the Exodus in the 13th dynasty, Solomon in the 18th dynasty and the time of the Babylonian Exile in the 19th dynasty by Velikovsky to be correct. However I believe Velikovsky's dates have to be revised down as he accepted the 586 BC dating of the Destruction of the the First Temple. I believe that originally Jewish authorities dated the Temple to around 460 BC but later adjusted it by 40 years so that the 490 years ended at the destruction of the Second Temple rather than the crucifixion of Jesus. Thus Rameses II lived in the 5th century BC.

see this Tutankhamun and R1b1b2 DNA

Wednesday, September 14, 2011

Niall and the Reconstructed Genealogy

This genealogy of the ancestors of High King Niall of the Nine Hostages is one that I have reconstructed from the numerous sources taking into account the confusion due to women and men being confused and father-in-laws and son-in-laws being confused with sons and fathers. Also there is often confusion of identity with people whose stories come from two different locations being remembered as two different people rather than one.

1. Niall Mor of the Nine Hostages High King of Ireland
2. Eochaidh (Eochy Moyvone/Yohannan)Mugmedon High King of Ireland married Ciaron (Ciarra) daughter of Mar Chasdai of Spain and Britiain
3. Muiredach (Meir Duach) II High King of Ireland married Aioffe of Goloddin daughter of Rafael IX King of Gododdin
4. Ros Ruadhri of Dal Riata married Rafaela daughter of Rafael VIII King of Gododdin (Rosh Galuta Scotti)
5. Eochaidh of Dal Riata married Fiona (Fianna Fiachu) daughter of Eochaidh Sbtrine son of Muredach I Tirech son of Fiachu Sbtine
6. Cairbre of Riata married Ava (Havah / Hvarfaidh)
7. Conaire Mor (Fothad Canaan) of Dal Riata in Alba married Mes Buachalla
8. Lughaidh (Loarne/ Luy Maccon)married Devorah of the Gaeli(Votadini/Fothudain) [brother-in-law of Eochaidh Dublein who was father of the three Collas and Lugaidh was the father of the three Fothads]
9 Cairbre Lifechair King of Ireland married Ethne (Edna/Aine) of Scotia daughter of Fionn(Gwyn)of Camelon (Cumhaill)son of Nathan Mar Ukba I (Nudd/Nectan) Exilarch
10. Cormac King of Leinster married Ethne daughter of  Aillill of Leinster
11. Mar Angus (Eochaidh/Eoghan Mor)married Bera (Barbura)daughter of Art (Arthur/Artur/Dov)the Red Heber Lord and Swan Knight
12. Olioll Olum (Olum Fodla/Aillil)King of Munster married Sabina (Sabh/ Sarah/ Sarad)daughter of the Red Heber Lord Conn (Connchober/ Conn of the Hundred Battles/Conaire)
13. Mar Eoghan (Ugaine Mor/Johannan/Angus Og)Mor married Ciarra (Ciar/Caer)daughter of Athal Anubal [Atal Anubal = American (Atal or Atala) Lord of Mexico (Anahuac)]
14. Nathan(Mogh Nuada)the Dagda (Dayag Adon/Fisher Lord)married Boann (Barbura/Edna/Eithne/Baine)daughter of Delbaeth grandson of Elada (Eliud)
15. Meir Duach (Rabbi Meir/Raibh Dearg)
16. Simeon Breac (R. Berechiah/Shimon the Blessed/Bres)
17. Adon of Glas (Adon Zerah)Lord of the Golus
18. Nathan the Red (Nuada/ Nectan Ruada)married Fianna (Fiona)
19. Mar Gilead ben Joseph (Josephes) married Nessiyah Naire daughter of Nathaniel bar Tolmai
20. Mar Joseph of Arimathea and Glastonbury (Glas)married Yochanna (Elyab/Eurgen)

Below is the version of Niall's ancestors as traditionally recounted in Irish sources.

1. Niall Mor of the Nine Hostages
2. Eochaidh Mugmedon
3. Muredach Tirech
4. Fiacha Srabtine
5. Cairbre Lifchair
6. Cormac Mac Art
7. Art Fiachu
9. Conn of the Hundred Battles
10. Fedlimid Reachtmar
11. Tuathal Teachtmar
12. Fiachu Finnolach
13. Feradach
14. Crimthann Nia Nair

Crimthann Nia Nair is also known as Nuada Nect or Nathan the Red (Rosin/Ros)and Feradach as Fergus Fargi. Conn of the Hundred Battles is the same as Conchobar and Conaire Mor and Fedlimid is his mother not his father. His father is Eterscel Mor who married the Nessiya (Davidic Princess) Fedlimid daughter of the Scottish Davidic Prince Tuathal Teachtmar (Ptolemy). Eterscel Mor is a son of Yair (Iar) a brother-in-law of the Fisherking (Dagda Adon) Rabbi Meir son of Simeon (Sen/Sin) the son of Adon Glas (Zerah/Rosin). Adon Glas or Rosin was the son of Nathan the Red a grandson of St Joseph of Arimathea. Eterscel Mor is the son of Yair and Princess Etain who is a descendant of Adon Glas. Yair (Iar) is the brother of Delbaeth and Ogma who are the sons of Elada (and his wife Esa (or Esther)a daughter of Yair ha Kanah of Babylonia) who is the son of Delbaeth who is in turn the son of 
Elemar the son of Allod the son of Friedloch the son of Fionn the son of Fionloch the son of Roighan Ruadh the son of Assaman the son of Enna the son of Enboath the son of Tigermas the son of Follaich the son of Ethrial the son of Irial Fadh the son of Heremon of the Milesian Invasion. Elemar is the father of Fianna (Fionna) the wife of Nathan the Red.

Nathan the Red or Riada was like his ancestors a Prince of the Rhodan or Rhuda Empire that stretched from the British Isles to the Americas and Australia. Australia was also known as Sinim, Sin or Send. They were known as the Fisher Kings or Lords Dag Adon (Dagda/Dedad/Dedan)an ancient title coming from Sumerian times. The original Rudra was also called Agni (Angus), Kedar and Shiva (Sheba) and his son Kartikeya (Skanda) was the father of Ganesha/ Gindibu (the Governor Gan or Gani of Rhoda). His daughter the Lady Rhiddi (Hepzibah) married Prince Nathan of Israel (called Narada by the Hindus)who became the Governor of Rhodan Dedan. Nathan's son Mattata was the Fisher King (Dedan) of Rhoda married Princess Nebetiunet of Egypt who became the Queen of Rhoda/Kedar/Sheba. She was the adopted daughter of Thutmose III and the daughter of Queen Merytre-Hapshepsut and King Solomon. Gani's son Heber was the father of Sokar (Sakra). Sokar (Socho) was the father of Indra whose daughter Sena Queen of the Rhodan Empire married Melea (Malai Kilavan) the Fisher King son of Lord Menna of Egypt. Sena was the daughter of Indra and his wife Shuchi or Sachi Queen of Rhodan Sheba. Shuchi was the daughter of Nebeniunet and Mattata. Sena as Queen of Rhodan Kedar was the mother of Zabibe the Kedarite Queen and also the mother of the Nathanite Prince-Governor Eliakim.

see The Florida Irish article

Thursday, August 25, 2011

Ancestry of Clive Staples Lewis

Clive Staples Lewis was the author of the Narnia series of children's novels among many other works and a leading Anglican Christian. One website on the internet tries to connect CS Lewis with the Lewis families of Flintshire Wales. Clive and his brother Warren are the children of Albert James Lewis who was born in Cork Ireland in 1863. Albert James Lewis was the son of Richard Lewis who was born about 1832 (possibly in Birmingham, Norley Cheshire or Flintshire Wales).

Richard at the age of 19 went to Cork Ireland with his wife Martha Gee of Liverpool in 1853. He was a boiler maker. His older brother William Lewis was also a boiler maker who married Martha Lewis(daughter of Ebenezer Lewis and Mary Williams). William and Martha's son William Lewis (b.1848 Hawarden Flintshire) was also a boiler maker and he married Rosaline West of Norley Cheshire the daughter of Simeon Levi West and Mary Ann Payne (believed to be the granddaughter of George IV and Maria Fitzherbert). Richard's brothers John and Joseph Lewis were also boiler makers who went with Richard to Ireland. Another brother Samuel (b.1837 Birmingham) was a famous Jewish money lender. Their mother was Jane Lewis the daughter of Richard Lewis of Flintshire Wales. Their father Joseph (born 1803) was an illegitimate son of George IV by his Jewish mistress Mrs Mary Lewis (nee Goldsmith). Richard of Flintshire Wales was born in Norley Cheshire about 1775 and his brother William Lewis married the former mistress of George IV in Brighton. Richard Lewis (b.1775) moved to Wales were he married a local girl called Jane Ellis who was of crypto Jewish background.

Joseph Lewis was brother to Samuel Lewis (b.1801), James Graham Lewis (b.1804), George Coleman Hamilton Lewis (b.1806 Portsmouth) and Mary Ann Lewis (b.1809). Joseph Lewis a son of George IV went as a boy to live with his step-uncle Richard Lewis in Caergwrle Flintshire and later he married his step-cousin Jane Lewis (they were no blood relative). Joseph was a crypto-Jew attending the Anglican Church for social reasons who later became a Methodist minister.

Joseph's older brother Samuel Lewis was trained by his step -father as a maltster in Brighton at the Black Lion Brewery and later went to live with his step-father's sister Mrs Mary Woodhouse (nee Lewis) at Norley Hall in Cheshire. He later became the owner of the Tiger Head Inn in Norley and a local farmer and land owner. Family tradition states that he was known as the Squire of Norley.

Joseph's brothers James and George went to live with their Jewish step-uncle Edward Henry Lewis and his wife Sarah Raphael (daughter of Nathaniel Raphael and Shinah Jane Levy) in London where they studied Law and became Jewish lawyers. Their step-uncle Edward Henry Lewis had three children Charles Lewis (who married Sophia Levy), Louis Lewis of Jamaica, and Catherine Lewis who converted to Catholicism on her marriage to George Drew Keogh. Due to their step uncle and aunt rearing the two boys as their own sons the relationships in the family have confused some researchers.

Ancestry of CS Lewis

1. Clive Staples Lewis
2. Albert James Lewis born 1863
3. Richard Lewis married Martha Gee of Liverpool
4. Joseph Lewis born 1803 married Jane Lewis daughter of Richard Lewis of Flintshire Wales and his wife Jane Ellis
5. George IV King of England and his mistress Mrs Mary Lewis (nee Goldsmith/Goldsmid)

Note: Some researchers had Rosaline West married to her father-in-law William (b.1830) instead of to his son William born in 1848. Also some have confused William (b.1848)'s maternal grandfather Ebenezer Lewis b.1800 with a different Ebenezer who was b.1814. William b.1848 was reared by his grandparents Ebenezer and Mary Lewis.

Friday, August 12, 2011

Jewish Princes Lusignan

                                          King Guy de Lusignan of Jerusalem

It is interesting that the Semi Gotha of the nobility of Europe records that the Czars of Russia recognised the nobility of the Jewish Princes Lusignan. How did these descendants of the Catholic Kings of Jerusalem, Armenia and Cyprus become recognised as Jewish Princes? Most of us know the name of Guy Lusignan as an evil King of Jerusalem in the movie called "Kingdom of Heaven".

For me the name Lusignan was to be found in my family tree. My great-great-grandfather's grandmother was Maria Lusignan of Russia (daughter of Henri Phillippe de Lusignan). I was puzzled how this French family had come to be in Russia and I was surprised when I started to research this family that they were recognised as Princes of Jewish origin by the Russian court. In my research I was to trace them back to the Lusignan-Ammiel family of southern France.

The family claims descent from Phillippe Lusignan the eldest illegitimate child of Prince Henri Lusignan the Titular Prince of Galilee by his Jewish mistress Alice ha Geveret a descendant of the Royal House of King David. Henri proclaimed his illegitimate Jewish son Phillippe as Titular Prince of Galilee and Count of Bethlehem and the Lusignan family continued to claim these titular titles until the modern era. There are of course other descendants who have also claimed these titles throughout the centuries.

Prince Henri Lusignan of Galilee was the son of King James I Lusignan of Cyprus (b.1334-d.1398) and his wife Helvis (Heloise/Helvide) of Brunswick. His grandmother was Helvide de Dampierre who was descended from the Jewish Kings of Khazaria. Queen Helvis of Cyprus was the daughter of Duke Phillip Welf of Brunswick and his wife Helvide de Dampierre. Helvide de Dampierre was the daughter of Eudes de Dampierre the Constable of Jerusalem and his wife Isabella de Lusignan.

Isabella Lusignan was the daughter of Guy de Lusignan-Antioch a son of King Hugh III Lusginan of Cyprus. Thus Henri de Lusignan Prince of Galilee was descended from the Jewish Kings of Septimania(Narbonne)on his direct male line from Machir Theodoric (Aimeri) of Narbonne's son Theodoric II Nehemiah (Amaury le Chetif) and a descendant of the Kings of Khazaria on his maternal grandmother's direct male line through the de Dampierre family. Prince Henri's mother Queen Helvis was descended on her direct male line from Machir of Narbonne's son Guillame de Gellone I (Nathan Kalonymus).

Prince Henri was also descended many times over from the d'Ibelin family of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. His mother's paternal grandmother was Helvis d'Ibelin (daughter of Phillippe d'Ibelin). The d'Ibelin family were descendants of Jewish Helpuin (or ha-Alufin) families of France that descended from Machir's son Menachem (Harald Hildetonn /Hernaut de Gironde/ Hildouin) through his son Helgi Halfdan (Heligaud) of Scandinavia. One of the sons of Helgi Halfdan (ha Aluf Dan)was Hildouin (Herlouin) of Ponthieu from whom the d'Ibelin family traditionally claim descent.

Henri de Lusignan's son Phillipe de Lusignan married his cousin King James II Lusignan of Cyprus' Jewish mistress Ava (Eve/Eshives)de Nores whose father was the crypto-Jewish Senschal or Marshall of Cyprus. Her mother was the Jewess Miriam of Jerusalem who was known as Mary Montolive. Phillippe's son Henri or Herion was the Lord of Chiti in Cyprus. Henri married into the Davidic family of the Charlap/Chappes. The family continued in Cyprus for another 3 or 4 generations until the time of the last Queen of Cyprus Catherine who handed Cyprus over to Venice on her death.

Herion's great grandson Pierre Antoine de Lusignan (1521- after 1571) moved to France where he was known as Count Lusignan. His great-grandson also named Pierre Antoine de Lusignan was born in France around 1600. Count Pierre Antoine's father Jaques Phillippe de Lusignan claimed to be the titular King of Jerusalem, Cyprus and Armenia through his mother Jacquetta de Lusignan the sister of Pierre de Lusignan. Prince Pierre de Lusignan of Cyprus was the grandson of Prince Jacques de Lusignan whose father Guy de Lusignan was a legitimised son of King Janus I of Cyprus and half-brother to King John II of Cyprus.

Pierre Antoine de Lusignan of France's son Jaques Phillippe also born in France married the Jewess Miriam Amiel (or Amigo) whose father was the Sephardi Rabbi Joseph Amigo Khaver ha Aluf and her mother was Rachel Hen-Gracian. Their eldest son was known as the Marquis Louis de Lusignan of France and his brother was Count (or Marquis) Antoine de Lusignan- Ha Aluf -Hen (born 1644). Another son was known as Count Jean de Lusignan- Amiel (born 1646)had a son Jean de Amiel Lusignan who went to settle in Canada.

Count Antoine's sons were Bernard (b.1665) and Henri (b.1670). Bernard's son by his French wife Francoise Barriere was Phillippe de Lusignan who married a Russian Princess. Their grandson was Prince Henri Phillippe de Lusignan Ha Aluf Hen who moved to the Russian Empire at the time of the French revolution with his family. Henri Phillippe's older brother was the Marquis Louis de Lusignan the titular King of Jerusalem, Cyprus and Armenia. Prince Jacques de Lusignan as titular King of Cyprus, Jerusalem and Armenia and also Prince of Galilee and Count (or Prince) of Bethlehem decreed that his eldest son Louis as titular King of Cyprus, Jerusalem and Armenia and that his second son Henri-Phillippe was to receive the titular titles of Prince of Galilee and Count of Bethlehem. Henri Phillippe de Lusignan Prince of Galilee decreed, after his son Louis Joseph became heir to his uncle as titular King, his titles were to pass to his granddaughter Maria and her descendants.

From the family of Henri Phillippe de Lusignan Prince of Galilee and Count of Bethlehem came Prince Louis Christian de Lusignan and his son Prince Michael David de Lusignan whose titles were recognised by Czar Nicholas I and his successors. Another branch of the family known as the Chalfa Yen went to live in the Middle East and later moved to Paris and London. Many people of the time accepted their claims while other considered their titles to be bogus.

The wikipedia article on the Kings of Jeruslem also mention this family: "...According to E.P. Karnovich (1886), there was a colonel named Prince de Lusignan in the Russian service, allowed to be called the titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem by Tsar Nicholas I. He claimed to be descended from Christobul de Lusignan, who had served in the Greek army under the Byzantine empire and was allegedly descended from a member of the Cypriot House of Lusignan who'd moved to Egypt and on to St Petersburg in Russia. Tsar Nicholas I allowed Colonel Lusignan to be matriculated as a Russian noble, that is a person holding an office which ennobled him. The colonel was probably known as Louis Christian de Lusignan...In the issue No. 180 of the Peterburgskiy Listok (Petersburg List) Newspaper July 3–15, 1884, a list of deceased in St Petersburg between 11 June and 18 June was found. There was a record for Louis Christian de Lusignan, colonel (retired). In the same newspaper issue No. 172 June 25-July 7, 1884, the following article was published: "The deceased who was buried thereby on Smolensk graveyard on 23 July, was a titled King of Cyprus and Jerusalem and Armenia, descendant of one of the protector of God's Casket, colonel of the Russian service, Louis de Lusignan."...".

The grandfather of Prince Michael David de Lusignan was Prince Christodule Joseph de Lusignan of Constaninople (Istanbul). Christodules' father was Prince Louis de Lusignan (son of Count Henri Philippe de Lusignan of France and Russia) heir to his uncle the Marquis de Lusignan of France as titular King of Jerusalem, Cyprus and Armenia. This Jewish family of Lusignan were influenced by the Frankist movement and some of them were to embrace Christian Orthodoxy under the influence of the Catholic son of the Alter Rebbe Moshe ben Zalman (aka Leon Brody or Leon Judah)who was believed to have become a Russian Orthodox Archmandrite around 1828. One of the sons of this family was named Leon in honour of Reb Moshe ben Zalman and he was to move to Italy. His son Guy de Lusignan supporters were to write a book putting forward the claims of his family in 1896.

The Chalfa Yen Lusignan of Baghdad always claimed to belong to the same family as the St Petersburg Lusignans even though Prince Michael denied their claims. However it most probable that this was the case as they both came from the Ottoman Empire. In my opinion all three claimants to the titles of Prince Lusignan were genuine but it would seem that each branch was protective of its status and sought to discredit the other branches of this crypto-Jewish family. Such infighting led others to dismiss all three claims as false. In fact it would seem that Prince Louis Joseph de Lusignan made his son Christodules the heir to the thrones of Cyprus and Jerusalem and his son Amaury Joseph to the throne of Armenia. Louis Joseph's daughter Princess Maria de Lusignan of Russia and her descendants were given the titles of Prince of Galilee and Count of Bethlehem. These titles passed to the daughter of Maria called Countess Henrietta Orurk of Russia and her descendants. Henrietta Countess Orurk was the titular Princess of Galilee.

However by 1910 Prince Michael de Lusignan must have hit hard times as he advertised in the New York papers for a rich American wife. As far as I know Prince Michael did not leave any offspring so the titles of King of Jerusalem and Cyprus would have reverted to the descendants of Amaury Joseph.

In Spain there was also a family of Marquis de Lusignan who claimed descent from the Lusignan de Lezay family. Marquis Louis Hugues de Lusignan was the son of Hugues Francoise de Lusignan and may be the son of Count Francoise Joseph de Lusignan and grandson of Count Jean de Lusignan-Amiel (b.1646) of France. Count Francoise Joseph de Lusginan married Madame Francoise de Lezay (the daughter of Guy the Marquis de Laval-Lezay)who entered the convent after the death of her husband. Their grandson Marquis Louis Hugues and his son Franz Joseph de Lusignan played an important part in Spanish and European history. One branch of the Lusignan-Amiel family descended from Jean de Lusignan Amiel emigrated to Quebec in Canada.

The original French family of Lusignan were descended from those Catholic noble families of Jewish ancestry connected with the Jewish Kingdom of Septimania in Southern France and its Jewish Kings of the Royal Seed of David. It was these Catholics families of Jewish origin who were instrumental in the conquest of the Holy Land by the Crusaders and the establishment of the Medieval Kingdom of Jerusalem.

Marquis Louis Hugues de Lusignan of Spain

One branch of the Jewish Lusignan family went to England in the 18th century. This family was founded by Saviour (or Sauveur) de Lusignan (1731-1826) of Cyprus whose son was the Reverend Michael William Lusignan (born 1791 baptised 1814). His son Henry Alexander Lusignan's family went to live in Melbourne Australia in the 19th century.

Titular Kings of Jerusalem, Cyprus and Armenia; Princes of Galilee and Counts of Bethlehem

1. Prince Michael David de Lusignan of Russia; Titular King of Jerusalem, Cyprus and Armenia

2. Prince Louis Christian de Lusignan; Titular King of Jerusalem, Cyprus and Armenia
3. Prince Christodules Joseph de Lusignan of Constantinople and Russia; titular King; brother of Prince Amaury Joseph de Lusignan; uncle of Prince George Joseph de Lusignan (son of Amaury Joseph)
4. Prince Louis Joseph de Lusignan; Titular King of Jerusalem, Cyprus and Armenia the heir of his uncle Marquis Louis de Lusignan of France; father of Maria de Lusignan titular Princess of Galilee and Bethlehem whose daughter was Henrietta Countess O'Rourke (daughter of Earl Joseph O'Rourke of Russia)
5. Henri-Phillippe de Lusignan of France and Russia (b.c1730); Prince of Galilee and Count of Bethlehem; brother of Marquis Louis de Lusignan of France; father of Maria de Lusignan who married James Smith (b.1741) of Russia
6. Marquis Jacques de Lusignan of France (born c1710); Titular King; heir of his uncle Prince Pierre de Lusignan as Titular King; husband of Princess Eleanor de Lusignan daughter of Marquis Hugues Francoise de Lusignan de Lezay of Spain
7. Phillippe de Lusignan; Prince of Galilee and Count of Bethlehem; husband of Princess Anna Feodorovna Baryatinskaya
8. Count Bernard de Lusignan of France (born 1665); brother of Count Henri de Lusignan (born 1670); husband of Francoise Barriere
9. Count Antoine de Lusignan of France (b.1644); husband of Isabeau Carre; brother of Prince Louis de Lusignan the titular King of Jerusalem, Cyprus and Armenia and of Count Jean de Lusignan of France (born 1646)
10. Prince Jacques Phillippe de Lusignan; Titular King; husband of Miriam Amiel (Amigo/Khaver)
11. Count Pierre Antoine de Lusignan of France; brother of Hugh de Lusignan the titular King of Jerusalem, Cyprus and Armenia.
12. Count Jacques Phillippe de Lusignan of Antioch; Titular King of Jerusalem, Cyprus and Armenia; heir of his maternal uncle Pierre de Lusignan of Cyprus; brother of Pierre titular Prince of Galilee
13. Count Jean de Lusignan; titular Prince of Galilee and Bethlehem
14. Prince Pierre Antoine of Cyprus (born 1521); titular Prince of Galilee and Bethlehem; husband of Maria Genome
15. Prince Jason de Lusignan of Cyprus; titular Prince of Galilee
16. Prince Phillippe de Lusignan of Cyprus; titular Prince of Galilee
17. Prince Henri (Herion) de Lusignan; titualr Prince of Galilee
18. Prince Phillippe de Lusignan; titular Prince of Galilee
19. Prince Henri de Lusignan; Titular Prince of Galilee, Count of Bethlehem
20. King James (Jacques)I Lusignan of Cyprus; Titular King of Jerusalem; Regent for his nephew King Pierre (Peter) II Lusignan of Cyprus; brother of King Peter I Lusignan of Cyprus
21. King Hugh IV Lusignan of Cyprus; Titular King of Jerusalem as Hugh II of Jerusalem;
22. Prince Guy de Lusignan of Cyprus; Constable of Cyprus; brother of King John I Lusignan of Jerusalem and Cyprus and King Henri II Lusignan of Jerusalem and Cyprus
23. King Hugh III Lusignan of Cyprus and Jerusalem
24. Princess Isabella Lusignan married Henry of Antioch son of Bohemund IV Prince of Antioch; She was Regent of the Kingdom of Jerusalem; sister of King Henri I Lusignan of Cyprus
25. King Hugh I Lusignan of Cyprus who married Princess Alice of Jerusalem daughter of Queen Isabella I of Jerusalem
26. King Amalric Lusignan of Cyprus and Jerusalem; older brother of Guy I Lusignan King of Jerusalem
27. Count Hugh VIII of Lusignan and La Marche
28. Count Hugh VII of Lusignan and La Marche (1065-1151)married Saracena de Lezay
29. Count Hugh VI the Devil of Lusignan and La Marche
30. Count Hugh V the Fair of Lusignan married Almodis de la Marche
31. Count Hugh IV Brunnus of Lusignan
32. Count Hugh III Albus of Lusignan
33. Count Hugh II Carus of Lusignan
34. Count Hugh I the Hunter

Ancestry of Henry of Antioch father of Hugh III Lusignan King of Cyprus and Jerusalem

24. Henry of Antioch who married Isabella Lusignan of Cyprus and Jerusalem

25. Bohemund IV Prince of Antioch
26. Bohemund III Prince of Antioch
27. Raymond of Poiters who married Constance of Antioch daughter of Bohemund II Prince of Antioch and his wife Princess Alice of Jerusalem (daughter of King Baldwin II of Jerusalem)
28. Duke William IX of Aquitaine who married Phillippa Countess of Toulouse
29.Duke William VIII Gui-Geoffrey of Aquitaine
30. Duke William V le Grand of Aquitaine
31. Duke William IV Iron Arm of Aquitaine
32. Duke William III of Aquitaine
33. Duke Eblaus Manzer (the Hebrew Bastard)
34. Duke Ranulf II of Aquitaine
35. Duke Ranulf I of Aquitaine
36. Gerard Count of Auvergne
37. Guillaume (William)de Gellone II Isaac Kalonymus
38. Theuderic II Nehemiah King of Septimania
39 Theuderic I Machir ben Judah Jewish King of Narbonne

Note: Those descending from the male line of the French Counts of Lusignan and La Marche will probably have a different ydna to those descending from the Cyprus Lusignans who are R1b L21 y-dna. Hugh I the Hunter (Venator/ Veneur) of Lusignan was probably of Q y-dna (Tribe of Benjamin).

Note 2: Descent of the Lusignan according to "Histoire de la Maison Royale de Lusignan".

Voici la teneur du précieux parchemin :

« Au nom du Père, du Fils et du Saint-Esprit, Amen.

» Le Porteur du présent Certificat Royal doré, Monsei-
» gneur le Prince Royal Louis de Lusignan, issu de la Maison
» des Lusignans, ci-devant Très Illustres Rois de Jérusalem, de
» Chypre et d'Arménie, Famille originaire de France, et dont
» le Sceptre fut porté en Orient, dans les dits royaumes;
» descendant en ligne droite du Roi Janus et de Leurs
)) Majestés les Rois Jacques I*' et Hugues IV, etc., etc.,

» Appartient légitimement à TEglisc Orthodoxe d'Orient,
» et il est né de Parents Orthodoxes.

» Le Porteur du présent est Fils de Son Altesse Royale
» le Prince Christodoulos de Lusignan, Sire de Tile de
» Chypre, etc., neveu de Monseigneur le Prince Royal'
» Louis, et Son Altesse Royale le Prince Louis est fils de
» Monseigneur le Prince Jacques et de Madame la Princesse
» Éléonore de Lusignan, neveu de Son Altesse Royale le
» Prince Pierre, arrière-neveu de Monseigneur le Prince Royal
î) Louis de Lusignan, de Chypre, de Jérusalem et d'Arménie,
)) et Son Altesse le Prince Royal Louis, Sire de l'ile de
» Chypre, etc., est fils de Monseigneur le Prince Royal Jac-
» ques, neveu de Son Altesse Royale le Prince Hugues et de
» Madame la Princesse Royale Marie-Anne, fille de Pierre
w de Lusignan de Galilée, et le dit Monseigneur le Grand
» Prince Hugues de Chypre, comte de Tripoli, etc.,
)) est fils de Son Altesse Royale le Prince Philippe d'An-
» tioche, sire de l'ile de Chypre, etc., neveu de Son Altesse
» le Prince Royal Pierre et arrière- neveu de Son Altesse
» Royale le Prince Jcan-Jacqucs et il est fils de Monseigneur

- 35 —

» le Prince Royal Jacques et neveu de Son Altesse Royale le
» Prince Jacques le Sage, et le dit Monseigneur le Grand
» Prince Royal Jacques le Sage, frère du Roi Jean II est fils
» du Roi Janus et neveu de Jacques P' et il est oncle de
M Pierre II et frère du Roi Pierre P' le Grand, etc.

» En conséquence, le présent Certificat Majestueux et
» Sacré Lui a été délivré sur des Patentes Royales et en vertu
>• de plusieurs anciens Actes et Attestations qui étaient écrits
« sur des Parchemins dorés et cachetés, concernant la Famille
» Royale des Lusignans et qui constatent que le dernier
n Rejeton mâle de cette Famille très ancienne, glorieuse et
» puissante est véritablement le susdit Sérénissime Seigneur
» Son Altesse Prince Royal Louis de Lusignan, de Chypre,
» de Jérusalem et d'Arménie.

» L'an de grâce MDCCCXV, 27*'jourdumois de juillet.»

Suivent les signatures de :

Cyprien, archevêque de la Nouvelle-Justinien, primat de
Chypre, et de son assistant Sophronius, évêque de
Cérines; du patriarche œcuménique Cyrille, de onze
métropolitains du Saint-Synode de Constantinople, et de
dix-sept membres du clergé orthodoxe de Chypre; en
tout, trente et une signatures, parmi lesquelles celle
d'Athanase, métropolitain de Nicomédie, oncle maternel
du prince Louis.

Note 3: The Principality of Galilee was centred on the city of Tiberias. I love this small city in Israel which I have visited twice on holiday when I was living in Jerusalem. I always find a great peacefulness comes over me there. My mother's ancestor Donna Gracia Nasi was also involved with the city of Tiberias in the 16th century. The titles of Prince of Galilee and Count (or Prince)of Bethlehem were held in the 14th century by Balian d'Ibelin (son of Phillippe d'Ibelin the Constable of Cyprus who was also called the Prince of Galilee) and his wife Princess Alice Lusignan of Cyprus the daughter of King Hugh III and Princess Isabeau d'Ibelin. The first Crusader Prince of Galilee was Tancred in the 11th century.

Note 4: My step-grandmother who was a Russian of aristocratic ancestry who settled in Australia once said to me. "What use is it to use these titles unless you have the money and the castle to go with it?" This is very good advice. As an Australian, my allegiance is to the Queen of Australia Elizabeth II and her heirs and successors. For me she is the anointed Monarch of the Davidic lineage who sits on the Davidic Throne. No other Monarch in Europe today has been anointed in the ancient tradition of the Royal House of David eventhough most of them are also descendants of King David. While the Danish and Spanish Monarchies are ancient their Monarchs today Queen Margarethe II and King Juan Carlos I did not have a sacred ceremony of anointing as part of their coronation ritual.