Monday, May 24, 2010

Chief Rabbi Raphael Kassin

Michael Kassin was born in Aleppo Syria around 1800. He was the son of Chief Rabbi Raphael Kassin of Baghdad. Michael like all his brothers were trained as Rabbis but he became a merchant and settled in Killarney Kerry. He also lived with his uncle and aunt Chaim and Elisheva Kassin (aka Christopher and Isabella Kassin) on the Isle of Man. After his marriage he moved to Killorglin Kerry. He also spent some time in Dublin were his Kassin or Cassin relatives (descendants of Francisco Cassin brother of Rabbi Yehuda Kassin) also lived. His uncle Joseph who was also a merchant lived in Dublin. Joseph's first wife was a Frankist called Franca or Francisca Maher (Mayer)a granddaughter of Jacob Leib Frank. Joseph's second wife was a Frankist called Maria Coleman. Joseph's son Yehuda or John Cassin (b.1819) also lived in Dublin.

Michael and his wife Mary had their eldest son John Cassin (Kissane /Ciosain)in Dublin in 1819. Their second son Laurence was also born in Dublin in 1821. Michael's older brother David Kassin is also said to have gone to Ireland and lived in Dublin with his wife Eleanor (or Leonor ha Dunna)for a time. The surname Doona or Duna comes from the Sephardi Jewish name of Dunas which is of North Africa origin. The McDonaugh, Doona or Duna family of Kerry and Dublin descend from the relatives of Eleonor. His brother-in-law Patrick Kissane of Killorglin married Mary Doona (or Duna) the sister of Eleonor). Michael and Mary's other sons Michael (who married Johanna Coffy), Patrick (who married Mary Walsh), Timothy (who married Honora Shea) and daughters Johanna Kissane (who married Denis Sullivan) and Mary Kissane (who married Augustus Moses Montefiore) were born in Kerry. All these families belonged to the crypto-Jewish network of families in Ireland.

Rabbi Raphael met Joseph Barrow Montefiore in Europe who at this time was also becoming involved with the Jewish reform movement. Raphael's great-grandson Michael (a Frankist Catholic) was employed by Joseph Barrow Montefiore. He then returned with his greatgrandfather Raphael to Aleppo and stayed with him until 1868 when he returned to the British Isles and then went to Australia via Singapore and New Zealand in 1869 where his aunt Mary lived in Melbourne with her husband Augustus Montefiore.

Tom Segev writes in Ha'aretz "One of the major scandals took place in the city of Aleppo, the biblical Aram Soba, in northern Syria. In August 1862, the British consul-general in the city reported to his queen that one of the most important rabbis was trying, incredibly, to found a Reform congregation. This was the hakham (great Torah scholar) Raphael Kassin.

It began with the members of the community disparaging the mitzvot (commandments, precepts), Harel writes. They held public and family events with the participation of a mixed audience, with orchestras playing lustful songs and women from the community dancing in front of the men. The women dressed less modestly than in the past, and there were cases of young men decorating their hair and growing it long in order to court girls. Some people violated the Sabbath.

This behavior characterized mainly the middle and upper classes. They diminished the centrality of God, placed mankind in the center and stopped listening to the rabbis. Among these circles hakham Raphael discerned potential supporters for the long struggle he waged for the community's leadership. He had just returned from Europe, where he had encountered and been enthralled by Reform Jewry.

Hakham Raphael was a fascinating personality. He coveted the perks of power that came with his status as hakham bashi - chief rabbi - of Baghdad: "When he emerged from his house, he was preceded by the members of his mounted guard, like a prince of the land," according to one of the documents Harel quotes. Eventually, the hakham was removed from office, started to write scandalous polemical tracts, traveled about and returned to his native city, Aleppo. After concluding that he had no chance to remove the leaders of the community, he established a congregation of his own, in the spirit of Reform Jewry. In the process, he sought to devalue the Talmud and the teachings of the ancient sages, to the point of rejecting their authority.

His supporters gave him a contract that promised him everything he loved: absolute blind obedience, a hefty salary, servants and lodgings befitting his status. But the schism in the community led to quarrels and unrest, which degenerated into brawls in the city's marketplaces. At this point the Ottoman governor intervened and ordered Kassin to desist from his activity. He remained isolated and was reputed to be mad; his story was hushed up in the history of the community. "
This is a rather biased account of the beliefs and activities of those who supported Rabbi Raphael. They were Jews who were educated and wished to live as modern people as did the upper class Anglo-Jews of England while remaining loyal to their Jewish identity.

Kassin Rabbinic Dynasty by Sarina Roffe: "Since Rabbi Eliahu was affluent, his son, Rabbi Rafael, was able to devote his lifetime to studying Jewish law. Rabbi Rafael was very social and mingled with many people from all walks of life, including royalty. On a visit to Aleppo, the Pasha of Iraq met with Rabbi Rafael Kassin and was so impressed that the Pasha invited him to Baghdad to become chief rabbi there to which he agreed.

The chief rabbi of Baghdad was a position appointed by the king and Rabbi Rafael held the title for many years. He was frequently called upon to defend the tenets of Judaism in debates with Muslims. Eventually he resigned from the chief rabbinate and returned to Aleppo. His writings include Maarekhet HaShulhan, Lehem HaMarekhet, Yayyin HaRekaa (a collection of sermons), Derekh Hahayyim (a defense against Gentile attacks on the Bible and Talmud) and Tekafo Kohen.(F14) Rabbi Rafael Kassin had six sons: David, Michael, Itzhak, Abraham, Joseph and Gabra."

Sarina Roffe also wrote in "The Jews of Aleppo": "From the mid-nineteenth century on, the Ottoman government appointed a chief rabbi (Hakham bashi), who represented the Jewish community before government agencies and could be a powerful individual in the community in his own right. Rabbis often came from families with a long tradition of supplying the community with hakhamim. The hakham was distinguished by his clothing, for example, the size and color of his turban and the long, wide sleeves of his outer garments. While it was customary for everyone to wear an ankle-length robe with a sash around the waist, the Hakham bashi was a government official and wore a finer robe with ceremonial orders and medals, gold and silver embroidery. The Hakham bashi had two government-appointed bodyguards who carried his Staff of Office and cleared the way for him.

Aleppan rabbis were learned in Kabbalah and Talmudic legal tradition. They dealt with cases of Jewish law, ranging from spiritual to civil cases including marriage, inheritance, business contracts, torts, building regulations and Jewish rituals. Aleppan Jews consistently had a reputation for respecting rabbinic authority.
While the Aleppan communitys leaders paint a historic picture of strict observance and Torah learning, it should be noted that there was an unsuccessful attempt to introduce Reform Judaism into Aleppo in 1862 by Rabbi Rafael Kassin, the great great grandfather of R. Jacob Kassin. The grandson of Rabbi Yehuda Kassin, Rabbi Rafael Kassin (1780-1871) was chief rabbi of Baghdad for many years. When he returned to Aleppo, he declared himself a religious reformer.Rabbi Rafael Kassin had a tremendous following and his supporters wanted to separate from the community.

According to researcher Yaron Harel, "Quarrels which broke out in the bazaar between the two groups forced the local authorities to intervene to prevent disturbances of public order." The movement was temporarily quashed but in 1865, another rabbinic reformer Rabbi Eliahu Ben Amozeg - wrote Em Lamikra, which presented modern scientific commentary on the Bible. The rabbis of Aleppo issued an edict to destroy all copies of the book throughout the Middle East and to excommunicate the author, but only the rabbis of Damascus accepted the edict."

Raphael Kassin was a very interesting character and has left many descendants among the Syrian orthodox Jewish community until this day. The descendants of his son Michael assimilated into the wider English-speaking Christian community

Note: It would seem that the first of the Kassin family to settle on the Isle of Man was Filipe Cassin a son of Juan Rodriquez Cassin in the mid 17th century. His son Juan or John Cassin (b.1670) of the Isle of Man was the ancestor of John Cassin b.1767 of Douglas Isle of Man. William Kissane (married to Aphra) of Douglas Isle of Man may belong to this branch of the Kassin family. The name Kassin is also found as Cassin, Casson, Kissane among other variants orginating from the Hebrew Katzin.

Saturday, May 8, 2010

King Arthur of Britain

There are many theories about the identity of the King Arthur of legend. One of the problems is that most of the datings of the Welsh kings is speculation and it is obvious in some of the traditional accounts certain kings are placed in the wrong time period. I believe the legends of King Arthur are a mix of two main figures called Arthur. One is Arthur of Dal Riata and the other is Arthur who was King of the Pennines. A book by Graham Phillips and Martin Keatman called "King Arthur:The True Story" is interesting reading even though their identification of Arthur with Owen Ddantgwn is incorrect in my opinion. However the strength in this book is their linking of the importance of the Votadinni or Gododdin (Goloddin) dynasty of Kings to the family of King Arthur. Elsewhere I have demonstrated the Jewish Davidic origins of the Rulers of this area of Scotland. They are the Scottish Davidic Exilarchs that are closely connected with the Exilarchs of Babylon.

Arthur of Dal Riata is a great grandson of the original King Arthur. His mother Ygraine of the Pictish line of Princess Royals was the daughter of Arthur's son Amr. Amr is also called Amwlad and Amorai and is also the ancestor of the latter Babylonian Exilarchs. Amorai is the nephew of Kafnai (Custeynn)the Babylonian Exilarch. Arthur of the Pennines is called the son of King Mor or Mar of the Pennines. He is to be identified with the Gododdin Prince Chuna Mar who is also called Cunomor. This Chuna Mar would seem to be the High King of Britain and Brittany. Nennius calls the title of these High kings Guletic which means "overlord" and comes from the Jewish title of Rosh Galuta (Head of the Exile). In Brittany Chuna Mar is called Cynan Meriadoc. In Welsh cynan is pronounced Cunan. The Cambridge History of English and American Literature states: " Ambrosius, tranformed by Geoffrey into Aurelius Ambrosius (cf. Tennyson, Coming of Arthur, “For first Aurelius lived, and fought and died”), is known in Welsh literature as Emrys Wledig. He appears in Nennius as Embreis Guletic. Guletic, or Gwledig, means “over-lord,” or “king,” and Arthur himself would seem to bear this title in a Welsh poem in The Book of Taliesin (No. XV). See Skene, Four Ancient Books of Wales, vo1. I.P. 227."

King Gabhran (Gadeon/ Gideon) was thus a brother of King Arthur who was firstly King in Brittany before inheriting the throne of Dal Riata. After the death of his brother Arthur in about 539 he may have become the High King of Britain. According to the 'Annales Cambriae' the famous battle of Badon was in 518 when Arthur would have been about 20 years old. Mike Ashley in his "The Mammoth Book of British Kings and Queens" not realising the descent of Gabhran from the Goloddin (Gododdin)dynasty of Exilarchs writes: "Gabhran was initially successful, and he seems to have established a rapport with a northern British enclave of the Gododdin in the Mearns around modern Brechin. The name of the territory of Gowrie is apparently a corruption of Gabhran or Gafran. Gabhran married Luan, the daughter of Brychan of Gododdin and granddaughter of Dumnagual Hen..."

King Arthur was the son-in-law of the Pendragon (Head Dragon or Son of the Dragon) who was Elutherius or Elidyr (Uther). He married Elutherius's daughter Ceindrech. In fact I believe the title comes from the fact that Elidyr's father Georgi (Gurgust/ Gwrgi) King of the Gododdin was the original St George the Dragon Slayer. He is called George of Lud or Lydda. He has been confused with the story of St George of Cappadocia. It is not Lud in Palestine where he originated but Lud in Britain. Lud was the ancient British name for London. St George's father is known to be a Roman soldier called Gerontius this Gerontius is the brother (or brother-in-law) of Eudaf Hen. Genealogies speak of Gurgust's father as Ceneu or Coilus however Princess Ceneu is his neice and King Cole may indeed be his father-in-law.

I have written elsewhere about how a great grandson of Joseph of Arimathea called Phares (Brother Phares/ Feradach) established a Eucharistic Centre of Adoration in Scotland in a place called Camelon. This Phares established the Jewish Christian dynasty of Scottish Exilarchs in the latter part of the first century. From this dynasty of Rosh Galuta Scoti developed the Kingdom of Goloddin (Goddodin). Part of the history of this dynasty was incorparated into the 'Lebhar Gabhala Erinn'. It is placed out of time and place by the Irish chroniclers. They confuse Scythia with Scotia or Scotland. In fact there is a possibility that Scotland was considered a part of Scythia and the Scottish claimed that their ancestors had originated in Scythia.

Phillips and Keating in "King Arthur: the True Story" write in regards to Goloddin or the Votadini: "...Gododdin had been part of the Roman Empire for well over a century before the legions pulled back behind Hadrian's Wall in 200 AD. There were therefore good relations between the Votadini and the Empire. The Romans offered support against hostile northern tribes, and in return the Votadini helped police this buffer zone between occupied Britain and the unconquered Picts of the Scottish Highlands...Soon after the Romans left Britain, the Votadinni began to experience great difficulties. The Angles were raiding their coastline in the East, the Picts were marauding from the North, and the Irish were pushing ever close from the West... That the Votadini colonised North-West Wales in the 460's has been verified by archeology..."

The famous Celtic poem called ' Y Gododdin' written at the end of the sixth century mentions Arthur. This poem comes from the Kingdom of Gododdin and relates a tale about some Gododdin warriors who set out to fight some Anglo-Saxons in the far North. Phillips and Keating write: "...In one passage the poet praises the courage of the hero, saying that although he fought bravely 'he was no Arthur'. The fact that Arthur should be so esteemed in a Votadini war poem suggests that he had been a member of their tribe...".

The founder of this dynasty Phares was a son of the Irish Exilarch Nathan the Red (Nectan Ruadi) who was the grandson of Joseph of Arimathea. They settled in the territory of the Ottadini tribe and became known as the Gadeni to the Romans. Edinburgh or Dun Eden was one of their major settlements. It is interesting that near to Edinburgh is found Arthur's Seat. British History Online website states; "...but in A. D. 43, the Roman armies again landed, in order to complete the subjugation of the island. The Britons made a brave and obstinate, though ineffectual resistance; and in the year 80, Agricola marched from Manchester along the west coast, penetrated into the recesses of Caledonia, and defeated Galgacus at the foot of the Grampian mountains. On his return in 84, he traversed the territories of the Ottadini, and of their neighbours the Gadeni, and, it is supposed, took winter quarters on the banks of the Tyne. It is also generally admitted, that this active and politic general, in order to secure his conquests, built a chain of forts from near the mouth of the Tyne to Solway Firth..."
We see that the Jewish Christian Exilarchs and their people were already established in Scotland in the year 84. It is from this source that many future rulers of Britian and the whole of Europe would come as well as the Babylonian Exilarchs. This is one of the major sources for y-dna R1b-L21. It may well of happened that after a few generations some of the population and Royal family remained as Jewish Christians while others became non-Christian Jews or pagans. They were then reevangelised by St Ninian.

Thursday, May 6, 2010

Fergus Mor mac Earca and Pictish Princesses Royal

The identity and ancestry of King Fergus Mor is one that has puzzled genealogists and historians for centuries. He is called Fergus mac Earca and Fergus mac Erc. Traditional Irish genealogies state that his mother was Earca, others that his mother was Nissi. He is also said to have married a Princess Earca. Some state that his father was Muredach High King of Ireland who was a grandson of King Niall of the Nine Hostages through his son Eoghan others that his father was Erc a son of King Loarne or that his father Erc was the son of King Eochaidh Muinremuir of Dal Riata and many other scenarios. Even more confusing is the dating of King Niall Mor of the Nine Hostages- historians now believing he is dated too early by the traditional Irish accounts. I believe that a study of the Pictish Princesses Royal clears this up.

The first historically verified King of Picts was King Drust who was the son of Erb or Erb or Erc. At this time the king of Gwent was King Erb the son of King Erbin a son-in-law of King Eudaf Hen (Mar Judah Hen). So either the son or the father could be the one in the Pict King List. This Gewisse (Jewish) dynasty came from the Davidic Royal House. The name Erb and Erbin being versions of Heber and Eber. The name of Earca being a Gaelic version of Esther. King Drust of Picts's sister was the Pictish Princess Royal. The King of the Picts must descend from a mother of the Royal line. The second historical King of the Picts is King Talorc the son of Aniel. This name Aniel refers to Niall or one of his O'Niell descendants. Thus King Drust's sister Nissiya Esther (Nissi Earca/ Princess Esther)is the mother of King Talorc. The title Nissiya is the feminine of Nasi (Prince of the Davidic House) thus meaning Davidic Princess. There is added confusion due to fathers-in -law being listed as fathers and female parents sometimes being thought to be male by future generations.

King Talorc's sister Nissiya Cenue married King Erbin of Strathcylde who is called Erp in the Pictish king lists. King Erbin's son was King Nectan (or Nathan)of Picts. King Erbin of Strathclyde was the son of Neithon (or Nathan Todros) the Judiarch of the Gewisse (Gwent) - he is also called Theodosius the Younger (Tewdfalch) as his ancestor was known as Theodosius the Elder (Mar Chuna). He is listed by some as the son of Ceretic King of Strathclyde and the Gewisse but Ceretic is his uncle-in-law. Ceretic was the son of Cunedda (Chuna the Good) who was the British Roman Emperor Constantine III.

King Neithon of the Gewisse was the son of King Ninnian (Nunius/Nehunia)of Gwent who was a brother of King Erb of Gwent mentioned above. King Ninian and King Erb are the sons of Erbin (Eber Scot) the Jewish Scottish Exilarch from Golodinn. Erbin's brother was Chuna and they were the sons of St. Ninian of Scotland. Ninians father was Mar Chasdai who was also known as Golomh or Galamh and he left Babylon for Spain where he was a soldier. He afterwards came to Britain and married Scota the daughter of Raphael the Scottish Exilarch (Rosh Galuta Scotti) of Goloddin. Mar Chasdai was the son of the Babylonian Exilarch Nathan II. The legends of Scota has been combined from the lives of a number of Princesses bearing the name Scota or Bat Scotia. The original Scota was Princess Sukkota who with her sister Tamar Tia were the daughters of King Zedekiah of Judah and his Egyptian-Jewish wife Queen Tzadikah (Tzaddah) the daughter of Pharoah. The tales of this Sukkota and the Milesians became mixed with those of her descendant Bat Scotia who was the daughter of Phares who was the first Scottish Exilarch. And then these were confused with the tales of Scota who married Galamh of Spain (who was also called Milad or Milesius because he was a soldier). The name of Niall and Nel are also found in some of these stories of Scota.

Thus the son of King Niall who married the Nissiya Earca of the Scotti was Conall o'Neil also surnamed Cemthainne and Gulban. His son Fergus Cerall went to Scotland and ruled Dal Riata and was remembered as the great Fergus mor Mac Earca. His wife Earca had also married his cousin Muredach the O'Neill High King. Fergus was the grandfather of St Columba.

The name Earca as Esther entered the Royal family when Nissiya Esther (the daughter of the Babylonian Exilarch Nathan I Ukba) married the Scottish Exilarch Raphael IV (b.220). She was the sister of Nathan Mar Ukba II and Rabbanu Nehemiah. Rabbanu Nehemiah should not be confused with the Exilarch Nehemiah who was Rabbanu's nephew the son of his sister Esther. Exilarch Nehemiah (Neman)was firstly the Scottish Exilarch who went to Babylon to become the Babylonian Exilarch. He left his uncle Nathaniel IV as the Exilarch of Scots in Goloddin (Gododdin) and he also left his oldest son who became Rafael V Loir Rosh Galuta Scoti in Scotland. Rafael X was married to Princess Seng of Argyle and his daughter Esther or Earca married Eudaf Hen. This Earca 's daughter Nissiya Ceneu was the mother of Earca who was the mother of King Fergus Mor. The Mor often found in these genealogies alludes to the Jewish title Mar for those of the Exilarch family. Here we see the origin of the Jewish matrilineal practices found amongst the Royalty of the Picts.

Fergus is said to be the father of Domangart and he in turn is described as the father of Gabhran of Scots. However some historians doubt his existence or his reign. However Domangart did exist but he was not the King of Dal Riata and he is not the son but the son-in-law of Fergus. He is Dumnagual King of Stathclyde and his wife is Fedlim the Fair the daughter of Fergus and his wife Earca. Dumnagual's brother is Cinuit who married Corun the daughter of Ceretic. Dumnagual and Cinuit are the sons of King Erb of Gwent's brother Nathan the Judiarch of the Gewisse and King of Picts. Dumnagual and Fedlim's daughter is Igenach the mother of Queen Luan wife of King Gabhran of Dal Riata. Thus Fergus is the grandfather of Gabhran's Queen. Gabhran's father is Chunan Meriadoc (Mar Chuna) King of Brittany. Chanan Meriadoc is the son of Theodoric (Todros b. Nathan/ Tewdrig)the Judiarch of the Gewisse. Theodoric is the grandson of Nathan (Theodosius/Tewdfalch)Judiarch of the Gewisse and King of Picts.

One Line of Pictish Princesses Royal

1. Queen Ferat IV-King Alpin of Galloway the father of King Kenneth mac Alpin
2. Queen Ferat III- King ciniod of Picts
3. Queen Tadg II- King Eochocan (Eoganan) of Scottish Dal Riata
4. Queen Ferat I- King Alpin I of Picts
5. Queen Fuirseach- High King Donnchadh Midi of Ireland
6. Queen Entfidaig- King Indrechtaig of Irish Dal Riata
7. Queen Tadg I- King Bili of Picts
8. Queen Bega- King Eanfrith of Bernicia
9. Princess Fedlim- Prince Gwid of Picts
10. Princess Erb (Earca)- Prince Gwyddno of Strathclyde
11. Queen Iseult- King Drust of Dumnonia
12. Queen Luan- High King Gabhran (Gideon/ Gadeon) of Britain
13. Queen Igenach- King Brychan
14. Queen Fedlim the Fair- King Dumnagual of Strathclyde and Goloddin
15. Queen Earca V- King Fergus Mor mac Earca King of Dal Riata
16. Queen Fedlim- King Erb of Gwent
17. Queen Rignach- King Niall Mor of the Nine Hostages
18. Queen Meadaib- King Geraint (Gerontius/Gadeon) of Dumnonia
19. Queen Scota- Mar Chasdai King of Goloddin and Scottish Exilarch
20. Queen Seng- King Rafael X Loir of Goloddin (Gododdin)and Scottish Exilarch
21. Queen Scota- King Cionga of Argyle
22. Queen Esther- King Rafael  of Goloddin and Scottish Exilarch (Rosh Galuta Scoti)

Note: Lebor Ghabala and Geoffrey Keating are too important sources in reconstructing the genealogy of the Scottish Exilarch family.

Monday, May 3, 2010

Ireland, Velikovsky and Tutankhamun

Queen Scota the Jewish Egyptian Princess

The "Killarney Ireland" website in an article entitled "The Irish-More Spanish than Celtic" discusses a recent Dna study of the Irish by Dr.Dan Bradley and Brian McEvoy. It reads: "The research however suggests that our blood if not also some (at least) of our culture can or should be attributed to wider origins: Spain, Portugal, Scandinavia and North Africa...“The primary genetic legacy of Ireland seems to have come from people from Spain and Portugal after the last ice age.” said McEvoy. “They seem to have come up along the coast through Western Europe and arrived in Ireland, Scotland and Wales. It’s not due to something that happened 2,500 years ago with Celts.” We have a much older genetic legacy."

We know from the ancient Irish stories that the Milesians did indeed come from Spain and before that from North Africa and Scythia. The problem is the evolutionary dating of the Dna. Velikovsky in "Earth in Upheaval" demonstrates that the last Ice Age ended about 1500 BC not 15,000 BC. Thus the datings used by geneticists using the evolutionary dating system is out by a factor of 10. The incorrect dating of ancient history due to the faulty datings of the Egyptologists means today that Minoan and Greek history is made 500-600 years too early contrary also to the Greek written sources. We know that R1b-M222 occurred in Ireland around the 5th century AD in the Royal Family but its earlier lineage of R1b-L21 arrived from Britain in the 1st-2nd centuries.

However there may have been earlier branches of R1b-L21 from the Milesian Royal House that had Jewish and Egyptian origins. A recent Blog article about the dna of Tutankhamun and his family by Rokus states: "The 18th Dynasty Haplotype corresponds most likely to European R1b-ht15. These values already triggered discussion. The Whit Athey algorithm clearly predicts haplogroup R1b at a probability of 100%. The rare value 10 at DYS439 is definitely an outlier, but in internet fora (DNA-Forums and Rootsweb) experts on the field, not all of them just enthusiastic and highly motivated hobbyists, speculated the haplotype most of all mirrors the Western European R1b-ht15 subclades, commonly defined by a fairly 'recent' SNP, labeled P310. The ancestral counterpart of R1b in Africa (that is considered ancestral and in Africa typically identifies with SNP R1b-V88, contender for being a possible Hamitic marker) or the Levant, was readily dismissed for being an unlikely candidate. This means, the Y-DNA profile of Tut's dynasty presents characteristics that were never typical to Africa, the Levant nor Egypt. Instead, the current low occurrences of Egyptian ht15 are commonly attributed to the classical period and up to modern times, when European influences coerced on Egypt through Rome and other historic entities from that same direction. At least one similar haplogroup was found among Jews, whose corresponding SNPs are labeled U152 and L4 (downstream R1b-ht15), albeit a considerable genetic distance to modal values strongly suggests an origin that is older than the Roman Empire. How a European haplotype, having possible Jewish connotations, could have entered the Egyptian royal house to begin with? This doesn't look like an issue an Egyptian team would be eager to investigate: Starting with the political and religious animosities between Israel and Egypt, being nowadays part of the Arab world..."

The mutation change rate of dna is causing some problems for those who advocate the evolutionary position. Studies of Y-dna have shown that there are two kinds of y-dna mutations. Firstly there is a stable paternal system that is said to be much slower in mutating than mt-dna. This first sequence is believed by evolutionary geneticists to take tens of thousands of years to mutate for a single mutation between groups. Secondly there is a sequence that is much faster in mutating. This second sequence is like a stammer, and the y-dna gains or loses one of these sequences much quicker. This loss and gain results in separating the Haplogroup into hundreds of male lines. These mutations are said by evolutionary geneticists to occur every 1,500 years, give or take a few years. Studying the y-dna of certain families of the Niall clan of M222 in the US and Britain have demonstrated single-step mutations in less than two hundred years. Thus the mutation rate is not 1,500 years but around 100-200 years for each mutation step. The mt-dna mutation rate is said to be 20,000 years by the evolutionary geneticists- this also is ridiculously too long.

Once these changes are taken into account the traditional histories start to make sense. Instead of having the bulk of the Irish come from Spain over 15,000-9,000 years ago, the date of the Milesian arrival between 200-500 BC now fits better with the y-dna mutation rates of every 100-200 years. These changes now make sense and allow genetics to assist in real history rather than the fantasies of evolutionists. Recently we have seen a lowering of these dates by geneticists. Previously one read that y-dna R1b was 40,000-30,000 years old which has now has be revised to less than 18,500 years. Overnight 20,000 years disappeared!

Saturday, May 1, 2010

Eochocan and the Scottish Royal House of Athol

Scotland was ruled by the male line descendants of the Royal House known as the House of Dunkeld or Athol. The first Scottish King of this House was Duncan I who was the son of Crinan Mormaer of Athol and Abbot of Dunkeld. It is known that this family are male line descendants of the Irish Royal House of Mide (Meath)who are descendants of High King Niall of the Nine Hostages. However many historians and genealogists are uncertain of the exact connection. Here I seek to demonstrate that connection.

Crinan was the son of Duncan II Mormaer of Athol and grandson of Duncan I Mormaer of Athol. Duncan I is the son of Duncan the Thane of Dull. The title of Mormaer is equivalent to Earl and the first Mormaer in Scotland was a mysterious figure that some believe was the father of Duncan the Thane of Dull. This was Dubacan Mac Indrechtaig the Mormaer of Angus. This is the origin of the Scottish version of the name Duncan which also is Donnchadh, Dunchadh, Donachadho etc. This Dubacan is the son of the Irish Prince Indrechtaig mac Donachadha of Mide. Indrechtaig was the son of King Donachadh of Mide (b.830-d.877). King Donachadh is in reality also known as King Donald I of Scots.

King Donachadh II was the son of Prince Eochocan of Mide and his wife Princess Tadg II of Picts. This Eochocan is interesting as I believe he was also the same person as Eoganan the King of Scottish Dal Riata (Dalraida). His parents were King Conchobar of Mide (died 833) and Princess Land of Ailech. Thus his maternal grandfather was the High King Aed Oirdnide whose wife was Princess Euginis of Mide sister to King Conchobar. In Scotland Eochocan was known as Eoganan The Angus and was King of the Picts and Scots as a young man with King Aed mac Eochada of Ulaid. After the Viking defeat in 839 he managed to escape back to Ireland but his co-king Aed was killed. It would seem that Aed's brother Muredach and his son Maturdan were allied to Kenneth and the Vikings. Eochocan's son King Donnchadh of Mide also became the King of Scotland as Donald I (many genealogies make him the brother or half-brother of Kenneth MacAlpin). These identifications of this group of Scottish rulers with the Irish kings clears up some of the confusion discussed by many historians.

Donald I's son was King Giric who was also known as Guaire, Gauran, Goran, Gregor, Gregory and Godfrey. He is the ancestor of the McQuarrie, MacGauran, MacGovern etc families of Scotland and Ireland. King Giric's son was Godfredus who was the father of Dungal or Doungallas who married Spondana of Ireland. Doungallas and Spontana's son Fingon is the ancestor of the MacKinnon clan. Their other son Gregor or Guaire is the ancestor of the M222 descendants called Grier, MacGregor and Grierson through Gregor's son Constantine. His other son Donald of Kintyre was the father of Malvina who married Constantine her cousin. From Donald descended Donald McGorrie d.1216 whose son Cormac Mor McGorrie d.1249 lived in the days of King Alexander II of Scots. From Cormac's son Alan descended the Scottish McQarries etc and from his son Gregor or Gauran descended the Irish MacGauran or MacGovern. It is possible that Donald mcGorrie is the same person as Donn MacGuire Lord of Fermanagh who is the ancestor of the Fermanagh MacGuires. Donald McGorrie was the son of Ranald or Randal who was the son of Ruaidhr or Uidhir the Lord of Kintyre. Ruaidhr was the grandson of Ranald or Ragnall a son of Somerled. His parents were Alan MacDonal of Kintyre and Ragnhild the daughter of Ragnall.

King Aed has also been separated into a number of different people- he is Aed Oirnide of Ailech, Aed Ingor, Aed Muinderg and Aed Find of Dal Riata in Scotland. Aed was the son of King Eochaid III of Dal Riata in Scotland. His father was allied with the Irish High King Flaithbertach who sent his fleet to aid him. After the death of his father Eochaidh III, he as a small boy was sent in 733 to be fostered in Ireland. King Flaithbertach's teenage daughter Princess Dunlaith became his foster mother and her husband Nial Frossach of Ailech his foster father. He was first promoted by the High King Domnall Midi who married him to his grandaughter Princess Euginis of Mide. At this time he was known as Aed Muinderg (the red-necked) and was made King of the North by Domnall until about 748-50 when he returned to Scotland.

When King Angus of Scots was defeated by King Teudebur of Strathclyde (aka Machir Theodoric of Narbonne) in 750 King Aed seized back his father's kingdom and King Angus retreated to his Pictish Kingdom. Aed handed over his Kingdom in 778 to his brother Fergus to rule and he now returned to Ireland where his father-in-law Donnchadh Midi had become High King in 778. King Aed and his son Domnall now the King of North were forced to submit to the authority of Donnchadh. This animosity with his father-in-law earned him the title Aed Ingor (the undutiful). Domnall then tried to take Ailech from Mael Duin but was defeated and later on the death of Mael Duin King Aed became the king of Ailech. This caused problems with his son Domnall and Aed battled and defeated his son's forces in the battle of Cloitech in 787. Domnall then returned to Scotland to rule the Dal Riata kingdom until his death in about 804-805.

King Aed seized the High Kingship of Ireland at the death of his father-in-law Donnchadh in 797. He reduced Ulaid (Ulster) to submission in 809 after a fight with his son Eochaidh. King Aed's son Eochaidh had married Fergusa (the daughter of King Fiachnae of Ulaid and his wife Princess Ferat II of Picts) and in 790 became King of Ulaid. His father's ravaging of Ulster allowed Eochaidh's brother-in-law Cairell to seize the throne. After his brother Domnall King of Scottish Dal Riata's death in 805 he was also overlord of Dal Riata as Eochaidh IV. His brother Conall was his regent under-King of Dal Riata. Eochaidh died in 810 and his brother Conall now King in his own right died in 811. They were succeeded by their cousin Constantine mac Fergus the King of Picts. King Aed continued as High King of Ireland until his death in 819. King Eochaidh of Ulaid and Dal Riata had a son named Aed who was the father of Ainbith, Eochocan and Muredach Kings of Ulster. This second King Aed also claimed the Dal Riata throne in Scotland but was murdered by his nephew in 839.

There is some confusion among historians and genealogists about the father of King Alpin who was the father of Ciniod or Kenneth the first King of Scotland or Alba. The two main candidates are Eochaidh IV and Eoganan. It is also confusing which Alpin was the father of Kenneth. Alpin III was the son of Eochaidh IV and his Pictish Queen Fergusa. Eochocan (aka Eoganan) and his wife Princess Tadg of Picts were the parents of Princess Ferat III of Picts. Ferat III married King Ciniod II of Picts whose daughter Princess Ferat IV of Picts married Alpin III. Princess Tadg II was the daughter of King Alpin I of Picts and Dal Riata and his wife Princess Ferat I of Picts. Princess Ferat I was the daughter of High King Donnchadh Midi of Ireland and his wife Princess Fuirseach of Irish Dal Riata. Princess Fuirseach in turn was the daughter of King Indrechtaig of Irish Dal Riata who married Princess Entfidaig of Picts. King Alpin I was the son of King Eochaidh II of Dal Riata and his Pictish Queen Spondana. Queen Spondana was the sister of Queen Fuirseach. Two of Alpin I's sons were King Ciniod I of Picts and King Alpin II of Picts. The famous King Kenneth MacAlpin may be the son of King Alpin II and thus King Donald I would be his maternal first cousin.

Another son of King Aed Find Oirdnide was Mael Duin who became the King of Ailech. Mael Duin was the father of Princess Inderb of Ailech who married King Eochonan of Ulaid. These Irish Royal families were closely intermarried many times over. King Conchobar of Mide and High Queen Euginis were the children of King Donnchadh of Mide (b.733 d.797) and his wife Fuirseach Princess of Irish Dalriada. Queen Fuirseach was the daughter of King Indrechtaig of the Dalriada House of Congal.

The Kings of Mide on the direct male line descend from Niall of the Nine Hostages. It is from Niall and his brothers that all those of R1b-M222 y-dna descend. The older Royal House of Alpin while traditionally considered to descend from King Fergus Mac Earca on the male line which would make them also M222. However I have demonstrated elsewhere that they descend from King Gabhran of Scots who is not the son of Domangart but the son of Chuna Mar (also called Cunomor and Cynan Meriadoc) and thus are R1b-L21 the same as the Royal House of Brittany who descend from Gabhran's brother King Solomon of Brittany. It is Queen Luan the wife of King Gabhran who is the granddaughter of King Domangart (also identified with Dumnagual). The Stuart Kings also descend from the Royal House of Brittany and dna tests have demonstrated that they are also L21. Many Scotsmen descend from Niall and the Kings of Mide through their descent from the Scottish Royal House of Athol.

1. King Malcolm III of Scots married St Margaret
2. King Duncan I of Scots (1013-1040) married Suthen
3. Mormaer Crinan of Athol (975-1045)- married Princess Bethoc of Scots (dau. of Malcolm II of the House of Alpin)
4. Mormaer Duncan II of Athol (949-988) married the daughter of the Khazar King Joseph Cellach (Cuncar)
5. Mormaer Duncan I of Athol (920-965)
6. Thane Duncan of Dull (b.900)
7. Mormaer Dubacan mac Indrechtaig of Angus (b.880)
8. Prince Indrechtaig of Mide and Scots [brother of King Gregory the Great (Giric)]
9. King Donchadh [Donald I] of Mide (830-877) and Scots (858-863)
10. King Eochocan of Scottish Dal Riata married Princess Tadg II of Picts
11. King Conchobar of Mide (d.833)married Princess Land of Ailech
12. High King Donnchadh Midi of Ireland (733-797)married Princess Fuirseach of Irish Dalriada
13. High King Domnall Midi of Ireland (d.763)married Princess Ailbine of Ui Maine
14. King Murchad of Uisnech (d.715)
15. King Diarmait Dian of Uisnech (d.689)
16. Prince Airmetach Caech of Uisnech (d.637)
17. King Conall Guthbinn of Uisnech (d.635)
18. High King Suibne of Ireland (d.600)
19. King Colman Mar of Uisnech (d.587)
20. High King Diarmait of Ireland (d.565)
21. Prince Fergus Cerrbel of Uisnech (aka King Fergus Mor of Dal Riata)
22. King Conall of Uisnech and Tir Conaill (d.480)married Earca (Esther)daughter of King Erb of Gwent
23. High King Niall Mor of the Nine Hostages married Rignach (Reyna) daughter of Princess Meadaib of Goloddin and Mar Gideon (Gerontius/Geraint)
High King Niall Mor Noigiallach