Wednesday, February 27, 2008

Shoshan Sodot and the Wandering Jew

New Norcia Monastery

The term Shoshan Sodot is the male Mystical Rose. Rabbi Avraham ha-Levi Abulafia and Rabbi Moshe ben Yaacov ha-Goleh wrote books about mystical Judaism entiled "Shoshan Sodot". Recently in 2002 a very old copy of the "Shoshan Sodot" by Rabbi Moshe ben Yaacov ha Goleh was found in a Western Ausralian monastery. This manuscript was given by the New Norcia monastery to the Perth Jewish community. It is now on loan to Israel for further study. This manuscript with some other Hebrew manuscripts were given to the Monastery's Abbot by Thomas Williams who was a wandering Jew. Willow Gully Station- Home of the Williams Family

Thomas Williams arrived in Western Australia with his family in 1841 on the "Ganges" from Ireland. He was a descendant of Spanish Jews on his father's side. His father was Solomon Williams (1760-1824) of Wicklow Ireland. Solomon was an artist in Dublin and he later in about 1790 moved to London. In 1801 he married his second wife Mary Ann Lee (the sister of Professor Samuel Lee) who was the mother of Thomas.
Solomon Williams

Thomas' wife Leah (Eliza) was from Palestine (Israel) where he met her and married her. Her father was an Ashkenazi Rabbi. Thomas was born in London in 1803. Thomas was in Safed Israel in 1837 when an earthquake destroyed the city and he and his wife and family left the Holy Land for Ireland after that with the "Shoshan Sodot" according to one story. Thomas' four half sisters Mary, Ellen, Charlotte and Emily Williams were all artists.
Thomas Richard Williams
Eliza's grandfather Colonel Moses Pollard (son of John Pollard and Elizabeth Williams) was an American who owned his own ship and he sailed to England, Italy and the Holy Land. He visited his Pollard relatives in Sussex where his brother William lived. The whole of William Pollard's family later moved to the Arklow/Kilmagig area in Wicklow Ireland. Thomas Williams and his wife Eliza Pollard (also called Leason)joined them in Wicklow in 1837. Arklow/ Kilmagig area of Wicklow was the ancestral home of Thomas Williams where his grandfather Solomon Williams was a Jewish glazier and goldsmith. Moses Pollard embraced Judaism and married Lea Segal of the Holy Land as his second wife. Their son Phinchas was also called William Pollard or Leason. Phinchas was the father of Eliza (Lea) who married Thomas Williams. Phinchas was married to Miriam Horodenker.
Edenvale Pinjarra - Home of the McLarty Family

Thomas' son John Williams married a Catholic Honora Morrissey and Thomas often stayed with them at 'Willow Gully' station Northampton [52 kilometres from Geraldton] and then travelled all over Western Australia visiting his children and grandchildren as well as his other relatives. 

Willow Gully

His nephew Mr McLarty lived at Edenvale in Pinjarra and today there is a wonderful Heritage Rose Garden there. Thomas' greatgrandson Leo Bartram of "Emerald Hills" in Beverley once had a beautiful Rose Garden surrounding his heritage homestead on his farm. He also stayed with his numerous granddaughters at such places as 'Talbot House' in York. Thomas later in life apprehended a thief who commented "I would have got away if it hadn't been for that old Spanish bastard!" Avondale Farm:Home of Thomas' daughter Jane Bartram (nee Williams) in Beverley

Bishop Salvado

Bishop Serra son of a Marrano merchant

Thomas met the two Spanish monks Bishop Joseph Serra and Bishop Rosendo Salvado of New Norcia. Before his death he presented some manuscripts to Salvado. The two Spanish monks came from Marrano families in Spain. They met with a secret leader of the Frankists when they were in Italy Rabbi Moshe ben Zalman the Catholic son of the Lubavitch Alter Rebbe. They were recruited for missionary work for Bishop John Brady of Perth who was a nephew of Rabbi Moshe (aka Leon Yulievitch Brody) reared in Ireland. The Frankists were also called the Zoharists and they were devoted to the mystical Jewish book of the Zohar which begins with the mystery of the Mystical Rose. Thomas Williams and his son-in-law James Bartram of Beverley often assisted the Catholic religious eventhough they were not Catholics which was very unusual at this time. Thomas is believed to have been the leader of a group of crypto Jews in Western Australia and he may have spent time with the New Norcia monks secretly studying the mystery of the Kabbalah revealed in the Zohar and the "Shoshan Sodot".

From the "Maccabean" Jewish weekly:


A few months ago Shane Dowling, who works in the library of the New Norcia monastery, discovered a had-written Hebrew manuscript that had been lying for many years wrapped in paper in an old cupboard. Interested to find out exactly what type of manuscript it was, the head librarian, Susan Johnston contacted Rabbi Shalom Coleman and faxed him the manuscript’s title page.
Seeing that the manuscript related to kabbalah, Rabbi Coleman passed the information over to Rabbi Moshe Y. Bernstein, who has a particular interest in the study of Jewish mysticism.

Last week, on Rosh Chodesh Kislev, Wednesday, November 6th, Rabbi Bernstein organised a visit to New Norcia to view the manuscript. Accompanying him were rabbinic colleagues and Jewish Studies staff members Rabbi Elchanan Lewis and Rabbi Moshe Rothchild. Also, joining the rabbinic delegation was David Solomon, an academic expert in kabbalistic translations and manuscripts, who was in Perth for the levaya and shiva for his father, the late Dr. Geoff Solomon.

The Perth delegation met with Abbot Placid Spearritt, Susan Johnston and some of the other monks and monastery workers, where they were presented with a copy of the kabbalistic book-- Shoshan Sodot-- for examination.

The copy at the New Norcia monastery appears to be an antique copy of the original work, which was written by Rabbi Moshe ben Yaakov, possibly a student from the mystic school of Nachmanides (Ramban) in 1495. The book is a veritable encyclopaedia of kabbalistic thought and practice, containing many secrets which the author felt obliged to write down to ensure their preservation through a time of great oppression (the Inquisition and Spanish expulsion) for the Jewish people.

Later, the rabbinic delegation was given the opportunity to visit the monastery library, which contains many other volumes of Hebrew texts, though none of them in the highly esoteric and ancient category of the Shoshan Sodot.

The monastery was kind enough to agree to scan the pages of the manuscript onto a CD, which will be compared with other existing copies of the manuscript. Certain rabbis in Israel and Europe are also being consulted due to the extremely sensitive nature of such an esoteric manuscript..."

On Tuesday, December 10 [2002] Abbot Placid Spearritt of the Benedictine Order of New Norcia presented the manuscript copy of the kabbalistic text Shoshan Sodot, recently found in a cupboard in the monastery to the Jewish community, represented by the President of the Council of Orthodox Rabbis and Educators, Rabbi David Y A Freilich and Director of Jewish Studies at Carmel School, Rabbi Moshe Yehuda Bernstein. The abbot’s decision to restore the book, a hand-written copy whose date has not yet been established, follows an appeal by the Council to which the New Norcia Community responded most positively.

The original Shoshan Sodot, written by Rabbi Moshe ben Yakov Ha-goleh of Kiev in 1495, is a work comprising elements of theoretical, meditative and practical Kabbalah based on the teachings of the Ramban (R. Moshe ben Nachman). It is different in nature than the more prolific works emerging from the teachings of the Arizal, R. Yitchak Luria of 16th century Tsfat, and thus classified as “pre-Lurianic”. It contains kavanot, or meditative visualisations of Divine Names with their appropriate letter and vowel permutations as well as those to be utilised in the recitation of the Shma and Amidah prayers. There are chart illustrations of the 10 Sefirot (the 10 Emanations of Creation) and their combinations into partzufim (Expressions) reflecting various mystical states of consciousness. The book concludes with a commentary on the ancient kabbalistic text (which some attribute to Avraham Avinu) of Sefer Yetzira, discussing the Hebrew letters of the alef bet with their astrological and sefirotic correspondences.

A Baal Shem Tov story appearing in a collection of Eliahu Klein entitled The Last Temptation of a Kabbalist ( makes reference to the book’s mystical powers and how it was on one occasion fatally misused."
New Norcia College

"Rabbi Bernstein will be taking the text with him to the chief rabbi of Lugano, the Admor of Biala Rabbi Ben-Zion Rabinowitz, who will complete the shelichut of bringing the book to Eretz Yisrael, where it can be properly conserved and researched in an environment respectful of its sanctity. Discussions with other rabbis in Israel are also underway to determine the most appropriate facilities for the conservation of the manuscript, which will remain on permanent loan from the Perth Jewish community.

On receiving the manuscript Rabbi Freilich expressed his profound gratitude to the monks of New Norcia on behalf of C.O.R.E., the Perth Jewish community as well as for klal yisroel (the entire Jewish people). In Rabbi Freilich’s reply to Abbot’s affirmative decision, he wrote: “…the generosity of the New Norcia Community imbues the concept of interfaith dialogue with depth, vitality and profound significance.”

Rabbi Bernstein, who was one of the initial party of four to investigate the book, said, “The restoration of the Shoshan Sodot to its Jewish source is a great mitzvah, and I have to commend Abbot Spearritt for his wisdom and ability to empathise with the spiritual value a book like this has for our people. I’ve been told that its return will also mean a tikkun neshama [soul rectification] for its author in Gan Eden.” He said the entire story of the retrieval of this book is still obscured in mystery on many different levels, including the mundane one of how it ended up in the monastery. 

While a stamp on the title page indicates it was once in Jewish hands, it has been historically “hidden from view” in New Norcia for nearly half- a-century. In 1966, however, Mr Harold Boas, a member of the Perth Jewish community, sent a microfilm copy of the text to Hebrew University, which has on record the existence of such a manuscript in “a monastery in Western Australia”. The monastery also has record of an inquiry made concerning a “Cabbalistic text” from around the same period of time.

Meanwhile, the Shoshan Sodot saga is extending its boundaries as David Solomon has been immersing himself in archival records in the British Museum and Oxford to compare the New Norcia version with the other extant copies on record (there are 17 known copies) as well as to shed more light on the mystery of its date. There is a possibility that it could be as old as the 16th century. Rabbi Eli Lewis, who is currently in Israel, where he has consulted the Admor of Biala and other rabbinic authorities, has presented digital CD copies of the text to Bar-Ilan University and Hebrew University."
New Norcia - A slice of Spain in outback Western Australia

Wednesday, February 13, 2008

The Jewish Dynasty of the Makhiri

There has been much discussion about the Jewish Davidic families in Carolingian and Merovingian France especially since the publication of Professor Zuckerman's book "A Jewish Princedom in Feudal France 768-900" on the subject in 1972. Zuckerman in my opinion was mistaken on some genealogical matters and thus slightly confused the issue. His basic research however is good and very useful. However he has confused Theodoric with his son of the same name. His identification of Natronai with Theodoric is also incorrect. A study of the origins of the Jewish Mystical tradition also throws light on this whole question. That there is a connection between Narbonne, Germany (Bavaria), and Italy is clear from the sources of Kabbalah. A great figure in this is Rabbi Amorai the compiler of the Sefer Bahir. Who was Rabbi Amorai? The French Chansons speak of the figure of Aimeri (Aumery) de Narbonne and his brother Girart de Vienne and their families. Aimeri may be a Frankish variant of Amorai (Babylonian) or of Machir (Hebrew). This Aimeri has been also identified with Theodoric (variants Dietrich/ Rorik/ Thierry/ Theuderic) the Ruler of Autun, Narbonne and Septimania.

Confusion about Machir Todros ben Judah Zakkai arose over the Jewish statements that this Jewish Davidic Prince was made Ruler over the Jews of Southern France in the time of a King Charles. This was latter believed to be in the time of Charlemagne (Charles the Great) however the Jewish account was not referring to Charlemagne but to his grandfather Charles Martel. There were two seiges of Narbonne one in the 730's in the time of Charles Martel and another in the 750's in the reign of his son King Pepin. These two seiges have also been confused. The Jewish sources state that the father of this Jewish Davidic scion of the Royal House of David in Babylon was the Exilarch Judah.

The son of Ahunai of the Holy Land (aka Hernaut de Beauland) was Judah Zakkai (Eudes/Eudo). He was also known as Bera haNebi (Son of the Prophet). Judah (Eudes ) was educated in Babylonia and there he married around 710 Sussanah ha Geveret (Blanchfleur) the daughter of the Exilarch Hananiah ben David. In 711 the Muslims had invaded Spain from North Africa. Many Jews and the Arian Christians welcomed the invaders and served under the Muslim rulers. Habibi or Abu ha Nasi was one who was a member of the Babylonian Exilarch family. In 715 Eudes (Judah Zakkai) returned from Babylon and became the Ruler of Aquitaine. In 720 the Muslims took southern France in the area called Septimania with Narbonne as its capital. The Muslim Governor of Spain Al Samah in 721 was defeated at Toulouse by Eudes. In 731 Eudes made an alliance with the Narbonne Wala Othman son of Wala Abu (or Habibi/ Havivai) and Ruth of Aquitaine. Eudes married his daughter Lampagie to Othman. However Othman was then defeated by Abd de Rahman the Muslim Sultan. Eudes then allied himself with his former opponent Charles Martel by marrying his daughters Judith (Bertrude) and Geveret (Gerberge) to Charles' sons Pepin and Carloman. Eudes son Machir Todros married Charles daughter Alda (Aude/Aldana Adela).

In 732 Charles Martel and Eudes defeated Abd el Rahman at the Battle of Tours. They then laid seige to Narbonne which fell to the Franks in 739 with the help of the Jewish community loyal to the Exilarch family. Later the Muslims retook Narbonne and in the 750's King Pepin had to lay seige and take Narbonne for the second time. Aimeri de Narbonne (Machir Todros) became the new Jewish ruler of Narbonne and Septimania and his brother Gershom (Girart de Vienne / Gerald) of Vienne and through his marriage to Imma (Emma) he ruled territory in Germany. Machir and Gershom were great Torah scholars and the Jewish traditions have misplaced them in the 11th century when in fact they lived in the 8th century. Gershom was the famous Rabbenu Gershom who was considered the Western Gaon on a level with the great Gaons of the Babylonian Academies. Gershom married as his first wife Devorah the daughter of Rabbi Judah (he has been confused with Judah ben Meir the traveller of the 10th century). In about 730 Rabbi Judah went to Babylon to become the Gaon of Pumbedita- Gershom and Devorah accompanied him there. After that Gershom and Devorah moved to Constantinople where Gershom was a goldsmith and physician to the Emperor Leo III the Iconoclast. He assisted the sick in 732 during the plague in Constantinople. Gershom was the Davidic Jewish adviser who encouraged the Emperor Leo's iconoclast policy and organised the marriage of Leo's son Constantine to the Jewish Khazar princess Tzitack who was also the daughter of Gershom's sister Serakh who married the Khazar Khagan Bihar Sabriel son of the first Jewish Khazar Khagan Bulan. It would seem that John the enemy of Gershom in the legends of Gershom was St John of Damascus who opposed the Iconoclasm of the Emperor. Gershom returned to France where he married his second wife known as Imma and they settled in Germany.

Machir Todros was also known as Theodoric or Theuderic the Duke of Narbonne and Count of Autun. Eudes (Judah Zakkai) abdicated as King of Aquitaine in 735 and returned to Babylon where he was to succeed his father-in-law as the Babylonian Exilarch. Machir Todros ben Judah Zakkai and Aude (Alda/Alba) had four sons Menachem (Hernaut de Gironde/ Harald Hildetonn), Nehemiah ha Makiri (Aymer le Chetif/Theuderic of Ripaurien and Saxony/ Namon of Bavaria/ Naime/ Namus), Nathan Kalonymus (Guilluame de Gellone/William of Septimania) and the youngest Yakar (Guibelin/ Gui Alberic of Narbonne/ Bellon). Zuckerman confuses Nehemiah ha Makiri with his father Machir Todros as both were called Theuderic as their Frankish title and both were called variants of Aimeri or Aumeri in the Chansons. Guillame de Gellone (Nathan Kalonymus) is confused with his nephew of the same name William who was son of his brother Theuderic (Nehemiah ha Makiri). The stories of the two Williams are confused. The older William (Nathan Kalonymus) was born in the 730's and married Cunegunde (daughter of Carloman and Gerberge) and were the parents of Bernard Naso (Nasi Meshullam bar Natan/ Bernart de Brubant). The nephew William (Isaac Kalonymus)[born 755 died 814] married Guibor daughter of his uncle Guibelin (Gui Alberic/Gilbert) Count of Narbonne and his wife Rolande of Hesbaye. Machir's red haired son Hernaut de Gironde (Menachem/Herraud/Harald) married Hilda daughter of Ivar Wide Fathom Ha Alef Dan (Ruler of Denmark/ King of Lethra).

William I(Nathan Kalonymus) of Gellone and Toulouse was King of Septimania from 775-793 AD. He fought many battles against the Muslims and was killed in the battle of Cacasonne in 793. He was succeeded as Jewish King of Septimania and Count of Toulouse (from 793-806) by his nephew William II (Isaac Kalonymus de Barzelay)of Gellone who later embraced Catholicism and was known as St William of Gellone. He was also called William Ferrebrachia (Barzelay).

The second William of Gellone (Isaac Kalonymus) who married Guibour (Witberga) had a son Warin (Aaron) of Autun (b.779) who became the Count of Macon. Warin married his cousin Ava (Albana) the daughter of Hugh of Tours and his wife Ava (Albana) of Autun and Ripaurien. Ava or Albana of Autun and Ripaurien was the sister of William of Gellone II (Isaac Kalonymus), Theuderic or Thierry Count of Autun (who married Blichilde/Richilde of Narbonne) and Werner (Warin/Garin/Garnier/Aaron) of Saxony. Warin of Macon and Ava of Tours were the parents of Isembart Count of Macon, Machir Bernard of Auvergne and Ermengarde who married Bernard Hairyfoot of Septimania (or Gothia).

Bernard the Hairyfoot (Nasi Meshullam II) was the son of Bernard Vital (Vitellus). Bernard Vital was also called Nasi Ithiel Hayyim. Hayyim and Vital or Vidal means life. Many genealogies confuse the different Bernards.

Guillaume de Gellone (Isaac Kalonymus) also had a son-in-law called Gauzelin (Gosselin /Gauzhelm) who married Aldeltrude (Herriasbeuck/Herminbue) and they were the parents of Rorick of Maine(also known of Rorgon of Les Baux). Bernard Vital was also known as Ithier (Itherius) Count of Auvergne based on his Jewish name of Ithiel.The Mercoeur (Makhiri) Estate at Auvergne was a centre for the Jewish Exilarch family.

The second Guillaume (William) de Gellone [Isaac Kalonymus] b. 755 d.814 was the father of Gerard (Gershom) of Auvergne the brother of Warin (Aaron) of Macon. Gerard was the father of Ramnulf (Ranalf) I Duke of Aquitiaine. This second William of Gellone was the Catholic saint whereas the other William of Gellone his uncle was the Jewish leader and Nasi of Septimanian Jewry. St William of Gellone's descendants were mainly Hebrew Catholics who intermarried with their relatives including members of the observant Jewish branch. St William of Gellone married his Jewish cousin Guibor (also called Orable) the daughter of his Jewish uncle Guibelin of Narbonne and his wife Rolande of Hesbaye. Guibor became a Catholic with her husband later in life. Their son Judah remained an observant Jew and returned to Babylon where his son David became the Babylonian Exilarch.

William of Gellone II's son Gerard of Auvergne married the Princess Hildegarde daughter of the Emperor Lewis the Pious and his Jewish wife Ermengarde of Hesbaye and Narbonne. Ermengarde was the daughter of Guibelin of Narbonne and his wife Rolande of Hesbaye. Guibor (Orable) and Ermengarde were sisters. Duke Ramnulf I of Poiters and Aquitaine was a Hebrew Catholic who married his cousin Blichilde of Maine. Their son Ramnulf II married his unbaptised Jewish cousin Adelinde of Septimania the daughter of the Jewish Nasi Meshullam II (aka Bernard the Hairyfoot).

Ramnulf II of Poiters and Aquitaine married his Jewish relative Adelinde (or Nesiya) and their son was called Eblaus (Ebles) Manzer or Mamzer (i.e the Hebrew Bastard) as the son of a Catholic father (of Jewish ancestry however) and a Jewish mother. There was an anti-Jewish element aomong the Christians which parodied the names of these Aristocratic Jews of the House of King David. They took the names such as Nasi Bernard and called him Bernard Naso or Bernard the Nose and William of Gellone I was called the Hooked Nose and Bernard Plantavellue became Plantapilosa or Hairyfoot alluding to the Devil. Hernaut de Gironde (Harald of Hiletonn) became King Herod. Bernard Vidal became Bernard the Calf referring to the sin of the Jews with the Golden Calf. This antisemitic Gnostic influence on the common Christians was entering France at this time from the East. Under the earlier Carolingians, Christians and Jews worked together against the forces of Islam but as the Middle Ages progressed the Gnostic forces grew stronger so that the aristocratic and royal families of Jewish origin had to cover up their Jewish ancestry and keep any Jewish customs secret. It was rumoured right throughout the Middle ages that these families were secretly keeping Jewish rites in the families and some writers sought to demonstrate the Jewish ancestors of the aristocratic families.

Lady Rolande of Hesbaye married Yakar bar Machir Todros. Rolande was a cousin of her husband Yakar Guibelin as Rolande's mother was Landree or Landrade (Wandrade) daughter of Charles Martel and Ruth (Rutrud/ Schwanhilde). Landrade was the sister of Aude (Alda) the wife of Machir Todros. Landrade married firstly Hunold of Aquitaine. Hunold was Machir's brother. He was also called Henoch and Ahunai or Huna and also Hernaut after his grandfather. His son by Landrade was Waifre (Loup/ Welf/ Wolf) of Aquitaine and Gascony. His name came from the title Ha Alelph or Welf for a Davidic Prince. Landrade married secondly after Hunold of Aquitaine's death to Sigrand (Ingram/Angar/ Ingijald/ Sigtryggur) of Hesbaye {he is also Simeon or Semen or Siguin] and her daughters were Rolande and Erica (Eirikur). Erica married Ivar Vidfami King of Lethra and they were the parents of Hilda who married Menachem (Hernaut de Gironde/ Harald/ Herraud) son of Machir. A title used by Machir and his brothers was Ha Adon (the Lord) which became Hatton, Atton and Autun. Sigrand and Landrade had a son called Randver(Angar/ Agnar/ Berenger) who was the father of Sigurd Ring King of Lethra who maried Alfhild daughter of his cousin Hilda and her husband Hernaut (Menachem).

Sussannah the mother of Machir is called Blanchefleur or the White Flower or Rose. In Hebrew the name is Shoshanah (White Rose or Lily) and in Ladino it is Roza. She was a descendant of the Blanchfleur that went to Babylon in the legends of the Grail. Sussanah was called Roza and Rozalinde. Linde means pretty in Spanish. She was the Pretty Rose. Shoshanah ha Yafa was the daughter of Hananiah ben David the Babylonian Exilarch. She was the maternal grandmother of Charlemagne whose Jewish name was David Kalonymus.

The Carolingian Dynasty were the direct descends of the House of David of the tribe of Judah on their male lineage. The Merovingian Kings were direct descendants of the Tribe of Dan through their ancestress' rape by the Prince of Dan (also called the Beast of Poseidan/ Neptune). Queen Argotta was raped by Dan the Sea King and her son Clodion the Hairy was adopted and brought up by Pharamond (Faramund) who was a Davidic descendant of St Joseph of Arimathea. It was Clodion who brought the custom of Long hair in to the Frankish Kingdom as descendants of Samson of the Tribe of Dan. Like Samson their long hair was invested with mystic power. Clodius was also called Merovee I (from the Sea). From him the dynasty took its name of Merovingian. It was believed that a Danite descendant of the Merovingians would claim Davidic descent and be an antichrist figure opposed by a true Great Davidic King descended from Constantine, Arthur and Charlemagne from among the lands of Joseph and Ephraim (the Lost Tribes in the Western Refuge or Exile of Zarephath). This promised Davidic Great Monarch would be a Enoch or Henoch like figure and he would bare a variant of the name Henoch which became Hunroch, Hunald, Hernaut Heinrich, Henrique, Henri and Henry in the different European languages. This King would be assisted by an old Josephite High Priest of Annu or On (the Pope) who would be an Elijah type Aaronite Priest from the Frankish Empire.

The Mandaen Gnostics that entered Europe in the late Merovingian and early Carolingian times branded the Jewish Exilarchs in the Frankish Empire as Sons of the Devil and Antichrists. They associated Aron ha Aleph or Arnold with the Persian antichrist figure of Ahriman and and Henoch ha Nabi with the Mandaen antichrist Nebu Misiha who the Jews called the Leper or Afflicted Messiah son of Joseph. Haymon or Ithiel Hayyim I of the Davidic Exilarch family were closely allied with the Jewish Christian Bishops descended from Galahad. They brought with them the Grail platter from its Grail Castle in Persia in the city of Takte Solomon by a beautiful Lake which was the city of Sarras in the Grail legends. In the past I had thought that the House of Hesbaye was of Levitical and Aaronite descent but further research demonstrates that they are of Davidic descent from Galahad the Grail Priest-King of Sarras. They were also known as the Priest Kings of Arak (in Persia). The name En (An or On) in Sumerian means a Priest-King. Omer ha Ari's brother was known as Aron as well as the En or Priest King of Arak (from which comes the Frankish name of Archenauld/ Erchenaud). These Davidic Jewish Christian Fisher or Priest Kings continued their role of guarding the Grail and practicing Eucharistic Adoration for many generations. They became known as the Hesbaye family in the Frankish Empire. Levi (Leuthanus) the son of Aron shel Arak (Arimandus) married Geberge (Geveret) the daughter of Aumeric (Omer ha Nasi). Levi or Leuthanus was the brother of St Arnulf. This family was able to claim a mystique equal or even greater than that of the Danite Long Haired Merovingian Kings.

Galahad (Gilead) was the son of Lancelot or Ancelos/ Anguselus. Anseghisel or Angelisel is a variant of Lancelot's name. He was a Scottish Prince of the Scottish Exilarch family who became Kings of the Scots and the High Kings of Britain. Lancelot (The Angus) was the son of Angus (also called Anlach of Ireland or Bennic) and his wife Marchell daughter of King Muredach of Ireland. Angus or Anlach was the son of Nathan Todros (Theodoric) of the Gewisse. Lancelot also known as Brychan was fostered by Drust (Tristan). Lancelot as Brynach  became the Patriarch of a Davidic Jewish Christian family of saints and kings. His original Davidic Jewish origin is preserved in the account of his life which begins: "The Lord chose for himself from the sons of Israel a man according to his heart, Brynach by name, adorned with pleasing manners, and excelling in tokens and signs of virtues, seeing that he vowed a vow to the God of Jacob, which he observed unblamably even to the last. From his mother's breasts, therefore, embracing the name of his God, and not neglecting his commandments, he chose rather to be of no account in his house than to dwell more luxuriously in the palaces of princes. Tracing his descent from an illustrious stock of progenitors, and obtaining no little merit of laudable fame, much enriched too with wealth, with which the minds of worldlings are wont to be allured, also endowed with broad patrimonies, he would not be captivated by the solace of ancestry or the extension of fame or the delights of riches or be restrained by the rights of hereditary estates...." 

When the Grail family first came to the Pesian Empire via Armenia they settled in the mountains of Takte Solomon named for their ancestor Solomon II Babyonian Exilarch the grandfather of Joseph of Arimathea. Cunomor married Ava (or Abiane) a daughter of Mar Zutra II the King of the Jewish State of Mahoza and Babylonian Exilarch. Cunomor (Huna Mar) and his son Kafnai reestablished the Babylonian Exilarch later on. Cunomor's son Arthur was sent back to Britian for fostering in secret. Lancelot was to leave his beautiful Lake at Takte Solomon and journey to Britain to the Kingdom of Britian where he joined up with his relative King Arthur of the Gewisse (Jews) who was also known as King Arthur map Mar of the Pennines who had regained his family's British Kingdom. The term Guletic for the King of the Britons comes from the title Resh Guluta (Head of the Exile). Arthur was also known as the son of Uther Pen Dragon (Pedr). This Uther was Elutherius or Elidyr his father-in-law the Head Dragon. Galahad would return with the Holy Grail to Persia and it would make its way West again at a later date. Galahad's mother Elaine was the sister of Perceval (Peredur) who married Blanchfleur the daughter of Dindraine Blanchfleur and Vahan the Wolf of Armenia. Vahan the Wolf is Kayl Vahan. From this name of Kayl (Wolf) would come variants such as Karl, Kalonymus, Carloman, Kalman. Kalman originally meant the Wolf Man. Jewish ears preferred to transform Kayl or Kaylman in to Kalonymus which meant "Good name" when the term Wolf began to have a negative connatation. Wolf in German became Welf and was associated with the term Ha Aleph for a Ruler by the Jews. A second Vahan the Wolf would rise up to deliver Armenia in the time of Chrosroes II.

The son of Vahan the Wolf I and Dindraine Blanchfleur was Drust or Tristan who was the nephew of Cunomor. Vahan the Wolf was a descendant of the Maccabees and of King Herod the Great through the Patriarchs of Armenia. Drust or Tristan married Ysai or Esa (Isuelt) whose daughter Ava (Abba/Eobba) married Ida (Ithiel Hayyim) son of  Mar Amorai of Babylon. Mar Amorai's son Ithiel Hayyim was also called Itha or Ida and he and his son Adalric (Eticho) became the Rulers of a Saxon Tribe from Germany and went with them to Bernicia. Ithiel was known as Ida in Bernicia and Adalric as Ethelric King of Bernicia. His grandson was Aedlfrid or Ethelfrid King of Bernicia. Aumeric (Ricaumer) the Davidic Nasi of  the Frankish Empire was a grandson of Arimandus.  The earlier Aumeric or Eormenric.became the King of Kent and is the same as Mar Amorai the son of King Arthur Mor.  The genealogies and histories have become confused by later writers especially trying to link the Carolingian families to the old Merovingian Dynasty and nobility. The new Davidic rulers in becoming the rulers of areas formerly linked with the Merovingians took the names and titles associated with those of their predecessors.

King Arthur married Ceindrech the daughter of Eliydr (Elutherius/Uther Pendragon)and his sons were Amorai (Meirchion/Amr/Amwlad) and Noah (Nowy Hen). Amorai was the father of Ygraine who married King Aedan of Dal Riata and they were the parents of Arthur of Dal Riata. Noah was the father of Elidyr(Eliud). Elidyr's son was Beli who married the daughter of King Rhun of Gwynedd. Beli's son was King Iago of Gwynedd. The Welsh genealogies have been rather muddled and are in need of a certain reconstruction.

see The Bonet-Kalonymus-Shemtov

Wednesday, February 6, 2008

Calalus: A Jewish Catholic State in Early Medieval America

Nehushtan of Calalus

In the 1920’s in Tucson Arizona were found objects and writings in Latin, Greek and Hebrew with both Catholic and Jewish ritual objects and symbols. Cyclone Covey describes this discovery in his book “Calalus: A Roman Jewish colony in America from the time of Charlemagne through Alfred the Great”. Covey and other researchers are amazed at the mixture of Jewish, Christian and Kabbalistic objects and symbols. However this very much fits this period in the 8th century when in the Carolingian Empire there is a Jewish Principality in southern France called Septimania ruled by Theodoric of Narbonne (Makhir Todros ben Judah/Magnario/Aimeri/Amer) [born 710 died 765]. Many members of this family descended from the Exilarchs of Babylon embraced a Jewish form of Catholicism while other members remained outwardly orthodox Jews.

Calalus artifacts from Tucson

The Calalus records speak of a Theodorus as the leader of many peoples who leave the Roman lands for Calalus in 775 AD. Covey and others believe that Theodorus is a Jewish leader in the city of Rome. However this is a too literal reading of the term Rome. Theodorus is none other than the Jewish King of Septimania – a Roman Jewish state in southern France. He is the son of the first Jewish King of Septimania also called Theodoric (Theuderic/Thierry/Aimeri de Narbonne/ Makhir Todros). Theodorus (Dietrich/Theodoric/Amery l’Chetif/Nehemiah/Namon/ Aumer ben Aumer) is also known as Theodoric King of Saxony and as Namus Duke of Bavaria. He and his brothers were great Warrior Davidic princes of the time of Charlemagne. Professor Arthur Zuckerman in his book “A Jewish Princedom in Feudal France” confuses him with his father who bears the same Frankish names of Theuderic and Aimeri. On the death of his father Makhir Theodoric in about 765 AD Nehemiah Theodoric becomes the Western Exilarch and leader of all the Jews of the revived Western Roman Empire of Charlemagne.

In 775 AD Nehemiah Theodoric reconquered the American Empire of Calalus. Calalus was ruled by the ‘Silvanus Tolteczus’ [Solomon the Builder] the hereditary ruler of this former Jewish ruled Roman colony. Calalus was founded in the 1st century BC by the Babylonian Exilarch known as Silvanus Ogam or Silvanus Brabo (Solomon II Babylonian Exilarch, Nasi of Mara, Ruler of Sumer (Somerset)in Britain) a great Roman Jewish ruler, soldier and ancestor of the Swan Knights (Barbur haKatzin). He also had a fleet of trading vessels known as the ships of Solomon or the Swan boats. The ships are shaped like a Swan with its sails like the wings of a beautiful gliding white Swan. After the defeat of the Silvanus Toltezus the members of the Royal Family were sent back to Europe where they were under the protection of Nehemiah Theodorus and his family. The legends of Doon and Ogier are based on the activities of this family descended from Duon (Duon) Antigoon (Ogier) and Silvanus Brabo (Solomon Barbur). The legends of Ogier the Dane [son of Godfred (Cadrod)] and Doon de Mayence actually refer to the Tuatha de Danaan or Dunann who are also known as the Mananaan or Maine of America where the giant Ogre heads of the Olmec are found. The Irish legend of Regamon also allude to this family.

The Jews of this ancient Roman Jewish Kingdom of Rhoda were also known as the Rhodans or Radhanites and were great Jewish merchants who controlled the ancient trade routes. The Rhone Valley and river were named after these Jewish Radhanite merchants who used the Rhone Valley as a base for their trading empire. Many of them settled in Ireland in the first centuries AD uniting with their cousins descended from St Joseph of Arimathea. Isaac Kalonymus the son of Nehemiah Theodoric [of Ripaurien] was also known as Isaac the Radhanite. Ibn Khordadbeh's account of the Radhanites stresses their source somewhere beyond the Western Sea and the land of the Franks.

In the fifth century Calalus was part of the Revived Western Empire of King Arthur a descendant of the Swan Knights. By the eighth century due to admixture with the American Indians the state had reverted to paganism. Nehemiah Theodorus led an expedition in 775 to return Calalus to Jewish and Roman rule. He conquered the ancient city of Rhoda and the Jewish law was restored. After 4 years in 779 AD Nehemiah Theodorus left Calalus for his kingdom in France which he had left in the hands of his brother Guillame de Gellone (Mar Nathan Kalonymus)[b.739 d.793 killed in the battle of Carcasonne). He then appointed a British Davidic Prince Jacob as the Jewish King of Calalus as regent for his young son Israel who was married to Jacob’s daughter. Jacob was a descendant of King Arthur as well as the Jewish Royal family of Bernicia. Jacob was the leader of the British Jewish settlers in Calalus. The Roman Jewish Settlers of Calalus in the 8th century were made up of two main groups – the Latin Jewish group from the Frankish Empire and the British Jewish group from the British Isles.

The Olmec/Ogre image which the Ogre is based on

Nehemiah Theodoric ha Makhiri reigned in Germany until his death in 790 AD. He was one of Charlemagne’s leading advisers. He learnt about the land of Calalus from Gerard a member of the Swan Knight family that came to Charlemagne’s court in a Swan boat. He married Adalis a daughter of Nehemiah (aka Duke Namon). The Swan Knight’s ancestors had come to Ireland from Calalus in the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD and intermarried with the descendants of Nathan the Red (Nathan the Rhodan) a grandson of Mar Joseph of Arimathea. Mar Joseph was a grandson of Silvanus Ogam or Brabo (Barbur) the great Roman Jewish warrior who defeated the giant American Emperor of Ogam or Ogier called Druon Antigoon in later European legends. Druon means oak and describes the stature of Antigoon. The Ogam script was named for Silvanus Ogam (Solomon II/ Shalom/ Sulam/ Selim/ Silvius/Salvius /Salvo)who brought it from America to Europe. Ogam or Ogham is the legendary home of the Ogres and I believe that they refer to the Olmec culture of Mexico.

The Swan Knight

Mar Joseph’s grandson Nathan had travelled to America with his kinsman Nathaniel Bar Tolmai (St. Bartholomew). Nathaniel was a grandson of Silvanus Ogam the Jewish ruler of Calalus. Solomon II ben Nathan I Zisutra was succeeded as Babylonian Exilarch by his son Nathan II Ukba , as Ruler of Somerset and the tin mines by his son Mar Chunya the father of Mar Joseph of Arimathea and as Ruler of Calalus by his son Mar Tolmai ha Barbur the father of St. Bartholomew. St. Bartholomew is remembered in America as Quetzalcoatl the white bearded priest. His son Eliud ha Barbur was the father of Silvanus Tolmai the ruler of Atala (America) and the Lord Master (Baal)of Anahuac/Anu (Mexico) and Calalus (North America).

On Nehemiah Theodorus’ return to the Frankish Roman Empire in 779 he left his brother as the Jewish ruler of Septimania and he became the Jewish ruler of the German lands of Bavaria and Saxony in Germany under Charlemagne’s authority. His son Isaac Kalonymus (also called William of Gellone like his uncle) later in life with his wife became Catholics and he is remembered as St William of Gellone. He has been confused with his uncle Nathan Kalonymus (b.739 d.793) who was also known as William of Gellone and Toulouse who died fighting the Muslims. St William Isaac of Gellone and Toulouse(b.755 d.814 as a monk) as a new Christian went to visit his brother Israel I of Calalus and converted him to his mystical Jewish brand of Catholicism as practiced by the royal and noble families of Western Europe. Israel I had become the King of Calalus in 785 AD on the death of his father-in-law Jacob. In 800 AD Isaac Kalonymus and his two converted brothers Benjamin and Judah went to reinforce the colony with 700 soldiers. Israel I and many of the people embraced Catholicism under the teaching of the three converso brothers of the Makhiri dynasty (Magnarvm). Israel I established his brothers as High Priests of Calalus. From this time Calalus becomes a Jewish Catholic state with a ritual and spirituality derived from both Jewish and Catholic sources. Israel I Guriat reigned for 67 years until 852 AD when he was succeeded by his son Israel II (852-858). St William Isaac of Gellone was two years in America (800-802) which was also known as the Isles of Barzel (Iron/Brazil)and from this time he also was known as Barzillai or Barzelay.

Tucson artifact with ten in Latin

Israel II ha Magnarvm (Merfyn/Merwan/Mermin/Makhiri) spend some of his earlier years in Septimania and Wales where his son Israel Septimus (or Israel the Septimani) was born in 832 AD. Israel II as Merfyn became King of Gwynedd in 825 in right of his mother the granddaughter and heiress of King Cynan. In 844 Merfyn left Wales for Septimania with his other children, leaving his son Mar Jacob ha Rhodri as King of Gwynedd. He was known as Rhodri Mawr. Israel Merfyn returned to Calalus (which was called Manaan in Wales) and succeeded his father as Israel II. Israel III Septimus became King of Calalus in 858 at the age of 26. He fought many battles and later he granted the conquered pagan Tolteczas independence in 880. He was deposed by the Sanhedrin of Calalus and his son Israel IV replaced him and Israel III was banished. Israel IV began a campaign of war against the Tolteczas that would lead to the eventual end of the colony in the 10th century. The descendants of Israel III Septimus’ son Isaac became the Priest-Kings of the Toltecs who moved south to Mexico. They abolished the human sacrifices of the natives but they were restored (c.1018) after the Rhodans left America.

Another Nehushtan of Calalus

Israel III went south to the Toltec lands of Mexico and his grandson Makhir/Americ (Meurig in the Welsh genealogies /Mixcoatl of the Toltecs)was the grandfather of Topiltzin (Israel VII/Idwal) priest of Quetzalcoatl who left Cholula for Rhoda in about 1000 AD. He rejoined the remnant of the Rhodans who he led east and then back to Europe and some of the Latin Jewish Rhodans settled in North Western Spain where as trained Warriors they were welcomed in the fight to preserve the freedom of North Western Spain from the Muslims. Rhodrigo El Cid was Topiltzin’s great-grandson. Topiltzin’s son was called Lain Calvo (Lancelin of Calalus/Lachlan/Llewellyn). Rhodrigo El Cid and his father Diego Lainez (Jacob) married into the Davidic Exilarch family of Barcelona and Este. His daughter Maria Rodriguez was the wife of Raymond Berenger IV Arnold Count of Barcelona [descended in the direct male line from Guibelin (Gui Alberic/Bellon/Yakar ben Judah) of Narbonne, the youngest son of Makhir Todros of Septimania]. Lain Calvo's sister Ximena of Calalus married Fernan Nunez of the Counts of Amaya family. Some genealogists have confused the ancestors of this family of the El Cid

Rhodrigo El Cid

The British Jewish Rhodans settled in Wales. In the 12th century their descendants in Wales went with Prince Madoc ap Owain to America where they established themselves in a series of forts in Alabama and Georgia. The 'Alabama Welsh' website states in regards to Prince Madoc: "...In 1170AD, ten small ships assembled off Lundy Island in the Bristol Channel, which flows between South Wales and Southern England. He and his ten ships were never heard from again. It was many years later when the archealogical discovery of European style structures in the Southeast, built centuries before Columbus' journey, prompted a review of the Welsh histories of Madoc's voyage. A series of pre-Columbian, dressed stone fortifications built up the Alabama River were discovered by later settlers. Three major forts, completely unlike any known Indian structure, were constructed along the route that settlers arriving in Mobile Bay would have taken. The first fort, erected on top of Lookout Mountain, near Desoto Falls, Alabama was found to be nearly identical in setting, layout and method of construction to Dolwyddelan Castle in Gwynedd, the presumed birth place of Madoc of Wales...". It is said that the white Indian tribe of the Mandan were the descendants of these Welsh settlers. The Basque and Portuguese descendants of the Latin Jewish Rhodans went to America after 1492. Another group of the Jewish Rhodans never left America and they eventually moved to the Appalachian Mountains and were later called the Melungeons. Prince Madoc was a descendant of King Jacob ben Israel ha Rhodri (or "the Rhodan") (aka Iago ap Idwal) of Wales. King Jacob (Iago) of Gwynedd (1033-1039) was the brother of Lain Calvo (or Lancelin of Calalus)of Spain. His father was King Israel VII of Calalus (999-1018) not King Idwal of Gwynedd (950-979) as supposed in some genealogies.

Mar Joseph of Arimathea

Some researchers have sought to discredit the Tucson discoveries. They claim that it was the cult objects of a Freemason group because of the mixture of Jewish, Christian and Kabbalistic symbols and because of the poor use of Latin. However the Kabbalah came forth from the region of Septimania through the Makhiri family. Many other factors that were not commonly known in the 1920's and the 19th century confirm for me that these discoveries are indeed genuine and they fit with the evidence from numerous other sources found in the mythology, legends, genealogies and histories of Spain, France, Ireland, and Britain among others. There are still many anti-semitic forces who do not want to see this Jewish connection with the history of America. The cult objects of the Nehushtan and the monstrance and chalices, menorah and the prominence of the Cross demonstrate the religion of Rhodan Calalus is a Jewish brand of Catholicism centred on Eucharistic Adoration themes. The Serpent (Nehushtan) raised in the wilderness is a Eucharistic symbol of the Messiah raised up on the Cross and also raised up in the Monstrance. Covey writes: “Besides the names of the kings, much else on gunbarrel blue to light-lead gray artifacts confirms the colony to be Jewish: a menorah with seven burning candles, a pair of Hebrew goblet-chalices (habdalah), incense spoons, burning incense...and words in carefully-drawn Hebrew script...Their central symbol of the cross, though not unknown to Jewish tradition, was atypical...two of the crosses were nehushtans...” The feathered Serpent associated with Topiltzin as priest of Quetzalcoatl recalls these Nehushtans that were the symbol of the religion of Rhodan Calalus. Topiltzin's grandfather Makhir (Americ) Mixcoatl is also associated with the Serpent (nahash) and is known as the Cloud Serpent. These heavenly Serpents are the Seraphim of Jewish tradition. Topiltzin's grandfather Mixcoatl is also associated with the colour 'Red'- and rhoda means Red. In some accounts Mixcoatl is referred to as the father of Topiltzin but there is disagreement with this in other American Indian traditions.

Nehushtan and Moses

Stegosaurus on Angkor Wat building

Another reason that academics are so keen to dismiss these discoveries is they provide evidence that some dinosaurs lived in historic times as one of the swords discovered has a diplodocus dinosaur on it. The ruins of Angkor Wat in Asia also demonstrate that 800 years ago the builders of Angkor Wat knew what a Stegosaurus looked like long before the modern day discovery of dinosaur artifacts. These artifacts are embarassing to those who follow an evolutionary dating of the age of the dinosaurs. It is alot harder to dismiss the Stegosaurus on Angkor Wat than it is the Diplodocus on the Calalus Sword. The Diplodocus skeletons are interestingly found in the North Western part of North America.

Sword of Calalus with a diplodocus on it
The dinosaur diplodocus

The diplodocus remains were first discovered in 1877. Even those who think that Calalus is connected to a 19th century group of Freemasons do not believe the finds are a hoax. However the first discoveries at the site were made in 1884 and already the ground had been hard for a long time which leaves little time for the so-called'Freemasons' to design a sword and place a diplodocus on it. The Calalus discovery is anathema to those who uphold the present orthodoxies in history and science. The Bible itself speaks of the diplodocus as the Behemoth who has a tail like a cedar tree. The 'New York Times' article of 1925 states: "Dr. Neil Judd of the Smithsonian Institution visited the excavation and completely excavated two of the articles himself. He stated that the articles were very old and that there was absolutely no evidence of disturbance of the earth surrounding them. He reached this conclusion after chopping these two pieces loose with a miner's pick." Another 1925 article on the discovery states:"The articles have been found at about the same level, that is, between five and six feet below the surface, and in a well- cemented stratum of caliche, the caliche, or lime formation, being so hard that it is necessary to chop each piece out with a pick. There is no evidence of burial, either in recent or in historic times; in fact, the articles have been covered by a natural process of the washing down of the debris from above, until time has resulted in building up of from five to six feet of overhead. The many scientists who have assisted in the research are unanimous in the opinion that the covering-over process has taken many hundreds of years; in fact, their conclusions tend to place the age of the relics at about the eighth century."

Donald Panther-Yates in his book "Los Lunas Mystery Stone" also believes that the symbols on the objects have their source in the Kabbalah of the Frankish Roman Jewish Kingdom of Septimania rather than a later masonic source. He also sees Kabblaistic symbols on the Los Lunas Stone.

Dr. Covey has said in acommunication to Jack Andrews in 1999: "Concerted efforts to discredit (the age of the find) have found no way to insert heavy lead objects up to 6 1/2 feet deep through caliche tolie flat, without fracturing the formation conspicuously".

Translation of the lead crosses

On the cross arm at the left is a profile of a head with the words "Britain,
Albion, Jacob." In the center is another head profile with the words
"Romans, Actim, Theodore." On the right is another head profile with the
words "Gaul, Seine, Israel." On the vertical beam of the lead cross is this
inscription. "Counsels of great cities together with seven hundred soldiers
A.D. 800, Jan. 1." "We are borne over the sea to Calalus, an unknown land
where Toltezus Silvanus ruled far and wide over a people. Theodore
transferred his troops to the foot of the city Rhoda and more than seven
hundred were captured. No gold is taken away. Theodore, a man of great
courage, rules for fourteen years. Jacob rules for six. With the help of
God, nothing has to be feared. In the name of Israel, OL."

The second cross has the following inscription: "Jacob renews the city. With
God's help Jacob rules with mighty hand in the manner of his ancestors. Sing
to the Lord. May his fame live forever. OL.

The third cross yielded this inscription. "From the egg (the beginning) A.D.
700 to A.D. 900. Nothing but the cross. While the war was raging, Israel
died. Pray for the soul of Israel. May the earth lie light on thee. He adds
glory to ancestral glory. Israel, defender of the faith. Israel reigns
sixty-seven years."

The next inscription. "Israel II rules for six. Israel III was twenty-six
years old when he began to rule. Internecine war. To conquer or die. He
flourishes in ancestral honor day by day."

The next inscription. "A.D. 880. Israel III, for liberating the Toltezus,
was banished. He was first to break the custom. The earth shook. Fear
overwhelmed the hearts of men in the third year after he had fled. They
betook themselves into the city and kept themselves within their walls. A
dead man thou shall neither bury nor burn in the city. Before the city a
plain was extending. Hills rung the city. It is a hundred years since Jacob
was king. Jacob stationed himself in the front line. He anticipated
everything. He fought much himself. Often smote the enemy. Israel turned his
attention to the appointment of priests. We have life, a people widely
ruling. OL."

The next inscription. "A.D. 895. An unknown land. Would that I might
accomplish my task to serve the king. It is uncertain how long life will
continue. There are many things which can be said while the war rages. Three
thousand were killed. The leader with his principal men are captured.
Nothing but peace was sought. God ordains all things. OL."

Ancestry of Prince Madoc

1. Prince Madoc ap Owain of Gwynedd
2. King Owain I of Wales (b.1100 d.1170)
3. Gryffudd II ap Cynan King of Gwynedd (b.1055 d.1137)
4. Prince Cynan ap Iago the Rhodan (Chunan ben Jacob ha Rhodri)[b.1020 d.1060]married Princess Ragnhild of Dublin
5. King Iago ap Idwal (Jacob ben Israel ha Rhodri)of Gwynedd 1033-1039 [b.990 d.1039] [ younger brother of Mar Isaac ha Nehushtan (Huacmar Quetzalcoatl) of the Toltecs and Prince Lancelin of Calalus (Lain Calvo of Castile)]married Sussanah of Barcelona
6. King Israel VII ha Nehushtan of Rhoda and Calalus 999-1018 Priest- King of the Toltecs 977-999 King of Gwynedd 1023-1033 (Idwal of Wales/ Topiltzin Quetzalcoatl of the Toltecs) [b.960 d.1033]married Ximena of Rhoda daughter and heiress of King Israel VI
7. Isaac (Huacmar/ Huetzin) Priest-King of the Toltecs [b.930 d.977] [cousin of Israel VI of Calalus 955-994]
8. Prince Makhir of Calalus (Meurig/ Mixcoatl of the Toltecs/ Americ)Priest-King of the Toltecs [b.900 d.974] [cousin of King Israel V of Rhoda and Calalus 920-955]married Chimalman (Ximena/ Chimena)daughter of Israel IV of Calalus
9. Prince Isaac ha Nehushtan (Quetzalcoatl) of Rhoda Priest-King of the Toltecs [younger brother of King Israel IV of Rhoda and Calalus 883-920] [b.856 d.921]
10. King Israel III Septimus of Rhoda and Calalus [b. 832 d.900] [brother of King Rhodri Mawr of Gwynedd]married Ximena of Auvergne daughter of Makhir Bernard of Auvergne and Septimania [son of Warin of Macon b.779 son of St William of Gellone] and his wife Ava of the Spanish March [daughter of Solomon of the Spanish March]
11. King Israel II Magnarvm (Merfyn/ Mermin/ Merwan/ Makhiri) of Rhoda and Calalus (b.805 d.858) married Nest of Powys daughter of King Cadell
12. King Israel I Guriad ha Makhiri (Magnarvm) of Rhoda and Calalus (b.770 d.852) [brother of St. William Isaac of Gellone (b.755 d.814)] married Atala (Ethyl) daughter of Jacob (Iago) of Gwynedd and Bernicia King of Calalus (779-785) son of Cynan (Chunya) of Gwynedd
13. Mar Nehemiah Theodorus ha Makhiri (Deitrich/Namon) [b. 735 d.790] Ruler of Ripaurien, Saxony, Bavaria (779-790)and King of Calalus (775- 779) Jewish King of Septimania (765-775)
14. Makhir Todros ben Yehuda (Amorai/ Theodoric)[b. 710 d.765] Western Exilarch and Jewish King of Septimania

Synklar Diamond Lords of Calalus and the Location of the Ruins of Rhoda