Sunday, November 12, 2017

Jewish R1b DF27 y-dna and the Tribe of Simeon

 Lopo Vaz Sampayo Portuguese crypto-Jewish Governor of India

My mother told me many years ago long before the advent of dna testing or the internet that her father's paternal ancestors came to Norfolk in England from Spain. He thought they had been Spanish Jews or Gypsies. They had arrived in Norfolk from Spain in the 16th century and in 1843 my mother's great-grandfather James had left home as a 16 year old boy for a life in Western Australia.

In order to find out my grandfather's y-dna I had my cousin tested and  we at first were told it was R1b SRY2627 which is a Spanish y-dna which I believe to descend from the Tribe of Simeon that moved into southern France and Northern Spain. Over time with more studies  SRY2627 was found to be a subclade of R1b DF27 which is the marker for the Tribe of Simeon. SRY2627 is a Jewish branch of  the Tribe of Simeon. Deeper dna testing demonstrated that my cousin was R1b FGC11245 which descends from R1b CTS4299. Another Norfolk family called Muse was also CTS4299 that was descended from the Spanish crypto-Jew Bartholmew Mewes (aka Moses (Mousa) Bertran) and was a brother of my grandfather's ancestor Llorens (Luria) Bertran (aka Laurence Bartram b.1538 Minorca). Their parents were Yochanan Luria (b.1505 Spain) and Antonina Judith Henriquez Bertran of Alayor on Minorca Island near Spain. 

The R1b Jewish project reveals a small cluster of Jewish families from Hungary descended from the Schonberg or Schoenberg family that belonged to the brother clade of CTS4299. This group was R1b BY16148. This Schoenberg family descended from the Spanish Jewish family of Belmonte. Both Schonberg and Belmonte mean Beautiful Mountain or Hill. Abraham Schonberg or Schoenberg was born in Szecseny in Hungary in 1812 and his grandfather was Jacob Abraham Belmonte (aka Franz van Schoonenberg) of Amsterdam (born 1757).

R1b FGC11245 mutation has obviously occurred in the Bartram family within the last 500 years (unlike the riduculous estimates found on the y-trees based on an evolutionary or molecular clock dating methodology). R1b CTS4299 was formed some time before 1550 but after 1300. The most recent common ancestor (TMRCA) of the Bartram, Muse and Schonberg families was Yechiel Luria (b.1300) of Portugal. Thus Yechiel Luria (aka Joao Peres) belonged to the subclade R1b Z207 of R1b DF27. The Parrish family of Norwich in Norfolk descends from Llorens Bertran and his wife Angela Peres a Spanish crypto-Jewish couple. Parrish is an English version of the surname Peres. The Parrish family is also of R1b FGC11245 y-dna. Another son of Yochanan Luria and Antonina Judith Henriques Bertran was Chanan Chai (Channce) Bertran Luria whose son was Cristofer Channce of Hadzor in Worcestershire in England. His descendants used the names Chance, Chancey, Chancy and Chauncey.

Jacob Abraham Belmonte's ancestor Guido Emanuel Belmonte was also known as Guido Schonenberg who was born in 1560. They took the name Belmonte from their ancestress Simcha Belmonte (Guiomar de Eca) who was married to Lopo Vaz Sampayo (1473-1538) 6th Portuguese Governor of India. Strangely he is also my 14 x great-grandfather on my father's maternal side. My paternal grandmother on her father's side descends from Esther Belmonte (b.1663). Lopo in turned on his direct male line descended from Vasco Pires de Sampaio (born 1360) 1st Senhor de Vila Flor whose father was Pedro (Pinchas) de Sotomayor. Pedro was the son of Joao Peres whose Jewish name was Yechiel Luria and was also the ancestor of Yochanan Luria (b.1505) of Minorca from whom my maternal grandfather descends. 

Yechiel Luria (b.1300) was descended from Moses Aaron Luria (b.1200) of Orleans in France. Moses was the grandson of Yechiel of Loire from which the surname Luria derives. Yechiel of Loire's wife was descended from the Jewish Davidic Kings of  Narbonne and his mother from the Davidic Jewish Nasiim of Barcelona. Yechiel was the son of Isaac Bar Shimon (Ibn Shimon) and Chaya bat Yechiel. Chaya's father Yechiel descends from the Barcelona Nassim whose ancestor Hezekiah II ben David was a Babylonian Exilarch. Many claim Davidic status for the Luria family and they do have Davidic status through female Davidic lines but are of the Tribe of Simeon on their male lineage.

The descendants of SRY2627 are not the only Jewish cluster of DF27. The largest cluster is R1b FGC20747. Another Jewish cluster is found under ZZ51. There is also another small cluster under S16864. However the R1b Jewish project has mainly Ashkenazi Jews in these groups and there may be many Sephardi Jews who belong to DF27 and its subclades. 

The Schoenberg's are Ashkenazi Jews who belong to SRY2627 but this is originally a Sephardi Jewish group. My ancestors who belonged to this group were of Sephardi origin. It is common for crypto-Jewish Sephardi families to marry into other crypto -Jewish or Jewish families. This was the case in my grandfather's family. His grandfather James married a crypto-Jewess whose father was of Sephardi Marrano ancestry and her mother a daughter of an Ashkenazi Rabbi. James' grandmother Anna Modin was born an Italian Jewess. My grandfather himself married a wife who was of both Ashkenazi and Sephardi Jewish origin.

These few DF27 clusters are Jewish and many of their descendants were crypto-Jews and are today Catholics or Christians. Not all DF27 is Jewish. The majority of DF27 is from the paganised Tribe of Simeon who embraced the Christian religion at a latter date. They are not Jews and are not of Jewish ancestry but they are Israelites from the Lost Tribes. Not all Belmonte's are descendants of the Tribe of Simeon as they have taken their surname Belmonte from their mother just as the family discussed here took it from a female ancestress. So one would expect a number of clusters of Belmonte in any future Belmonte dna project.

The largest group of y-dna found among Western European Jews, Spanish Jews and Sephardi crypto-Jews is R1b y-dna but they are often left out of the estimates for the amount or percentage for R1b found among Jews as they are automatically assumed to be descended from converts. This is not always the case. The R1b Jewish project is mainly made up of those families of Ashkenazi Jewish background who have no known convert in their male line.
There is also a R1b Cohane project which has demonstrated that claimants to Cohen status belong to a two R1b Z2103 subclades that goes back to Temple times.

Beth Eliyahu Synagogue in Belmonte today

Tuesday, November 7, 2017

Y-dna and Second Temple Jewish Sects

The Jews of Second Temple Times that went into the diaspora belonged to predominately J1 (Shammai Pharisees), J2 (Saducees), E1b (Shekhemite Pharisees), R1b Z2103 (Hillel Pharisees and Essenes), G (Hellenist Jews of North Africa and Syria), T and L (the Herodians and Romans) and Q (Benjaminite) y-dna. There was of course some admixture among the groups but this represents the core population y-dna of the sect or group. The Khazar input to Jews is from R1a (Josephites), G (Nahorites), and Q (Benjaminites) y-dna which entered the Jewish community much later in the 8th century. After the diaspora the Hillel Pharisees gradually gathered most Jews under the umbrella of their movement and its transformed observances due to the destruction of the Temple and the exile from the Land of Israel.

The bulk of the J1, J2 and E1b y-dna found among the Jewish people comes from the Samaritan converts to Judaism in Second Temple times and just after. However E1b is more complex as the Samaritan E1b is V22 as is those Jews descended from the Shekhemite Pharisees but many other Jews of E1b descend from the Z827 branch of E1b. It is from the Samaritan-Ishmael Cohenim that many Jewish Cohenim descend as well as the priestly Tribe of the Lemba. J1 P58 among Jews represents mainly the Shammai Pharisees descended from the Samaritan High Priest Hananiah and J2 the Saducee Jews descended from the Samaritan priest Zadok (a Samaritan convert of Antigonos of Sokho) a descendant of the Samaritan High Priest Manasseh (J2) son of Sanballat who usurped the older line of Samaritan High Priesthood (J1). The Shekhemite Pharisee Levites (E1b) were descended from the Samaritan Levite clan.The Talmud speaks of seven groups or sects of Pharisees including the Shammai school, the Hillel school, the mystical Essenes, the Shekhemites.

The Pharisees who Jesus identified as the 'leaven'[Chametz] were the Shammaites or Shomerim (the observant ones). The Talmud speaks of seven different types of Pharisees. Five of these groups are described in a negative way and they are known as 'Chametz' by Jesus as there were five kinds of "chametz" to be avoided on Passover. One of these groups are called the Shikmi who follow the actions of their founder known as Shekhem or the Shekhemite Pharisee. The city of Shekhem was the Samaritan religious centre and after John Hycanus destroyed their Temple many of the Samaritans entered Judaism. They are the group Jesus speaks about when he says that they lay heavy burdens on men's shoulders. The use of the word 'shoulders' is an allusion to this group as the word for shoulder in Hebrew is similiar to Shechem. The Samaritans were also known as Shomerim and Shechemites.

Another group were called the Nikpi who knocked their legs together and walk with small steps thus showing how 'humble' they were- this group were masters of 'fake humility'. They would also put off doing good deeds by elaborate cautiousness. A third group were the Kizai who would walk around with their eyes closed and smash into walls and draw blood in their efforts to avoid looking at women. A fourth group were the Medukhia or Hankaia Pharisees who are described like a pestle in a mortar. Like a pestle they oppressed, ground and smash down people by their exaggerated observances. Always looking for the faults in others rather than looking skyward to the heavens.

A fifth group were those self righteous pharisees who would think they were so good at observing all the Torah that they pompously would inquire about doing more. Two groups were associated with the matzah of Passover- they were the Essene followers of Menachem (the reverent mystics) and the followers of Hillel (the humble peace-loving Pharisees).

The J1 Shammai or Shamerim (observant ones) Pharisees were to influence Islam and Mohammed (of J1 P58 FGC12) was descended from the Shammai priests who in turn descended from the Samaritan High Priestly line who in their turn descended from the Ishmaelite priests descended from Kedar the son of Ishmael. The J1 P58 found among Jewish Samaritan cohenim belong to J1 P58 ZS223 which branched off at the time of the Jewish diaspora of 70 AD and are the so-called Cohen Model Haplogroup within J1.

The Judaisers in the early Church belonged to these Shammai Pharisees and the Shekhemite Pharisees. Paul spoke about the Shammai Pharisees in Galatians as the Ishmaelite sons of Hagar. Jesus spoke about the Shekhemite Pharisees by the use of a pun when he spoke of those who place heavy burdens on others shoulders (shekhem). The so-called CMH found among claimants to Jewish Cohen or Kohen status found among J1 and J2 is that of the Samaritan priestly line and not that of the Zadokite line of Jewish priests.

The surviving direct line from Aaron belongs to R1b L584. I would venture to say it is only this lineage that could provide a valid High Priest for a rebuilt Temple. They would need to have this dna signature and be recognized by tradition as a Kohen in their Jewish community who has no irregular marriages that invalidates their Kohen status. They descend from the Second Temple High Priests who were of the family of Annas. Annas or Ananius ben Seth descended from the Egyptian branch of the High Priests descended from the pre-Maccabean High Priest Onias IV. This is the true Zadok line of priests as opposed to the false Zadok priests descended from the Samaritan priest Zadok who converted to Judaism and was a founder of the Sadducees.

St John (Yochanan) the apostle (ha Shaliach) belonged to the Davidic lineage like his brother St James the Greater. St John the Beloved Disciple and Evangelist who was also called St John the Presbyter (ha Parnas) was a priest of the family of Annas. They have been confused in Christian tradition.

St John the Beloved Disciple was most likely a son of the High Priest Theophilus and is mentioned as a member of the High Priestly family in Acts 4 along with his brother or cousin Alexander. Alexander was the famous Talmudic Rabbi who taught: "He who possesses worldly wisdom and fears not the Lord, is as one who designs building a house and completes only the door, for as David wrote in Psalm 111, 'The beginning of wisdom is the fear of the Lord." Matthias the 13th apostle that replaced Judas was a brother of St John the Beloved Disciple and he later served as High Priest of the Temple. 

Thus both St John and St Matthias belonged to R1b L584 y-dna. Hillel, Gamaliel and St Paul were all Benjaminites who were thus Q y-dna and Hillel Pharisees. St Luke was a Hellenist Jew and recent dna tests on his relics confirm him as G y-dna. Lazarus may also have been of G y-dna as tradition believes he was descended from a Syrian noble on his paternal line. G2a was the most likely haplogroup of Phillip of Macedon and his illegitimate son Ptolemy I of Egypt. 

Alexander the Great was E1b as the real son of Olympias by the Pharaoh Rameses III (also known as Nectanebo I). The G2a Macedonians descend from the Macedon Royal Family. Did E1b1b enter the Samaritans through an illegitimate son of Alexander the Great and a Samaritan woman? As a result of this the Jewish Shekhemite E1b families may also be descendants of Alexander the Great. It would seem that Rameses III or his father was E1b1b (M215) and that the Samaritan son of Alexander the Great was E1b1b1 (M35.1). One of his sons was the ancestor of the later Shekhemite E1b1b1(L539) Samaritans and Jews, while another son was the ancestor of the Elb1b1b (Z827) Jews including the Kizia (Kuzia/ Kazia) Pharisees and the more fanatical Dead Sea Essenes.

Jewish E-M215 y-dna, Rameses III and Alexander the Great

I date E y-dna to about 2300 BC (rather than the evolutionary dating of 45,000 years ago) to the Javanites of Japheth the son of Noah. They originated in the red Japhethic city of Adan in the Southern Hemisphere when the earth was still one land mass. Some of the Japhethites moved into Europe before the splitting of the  continents at the time of the destruction of the Tower of Babel.

E-M215 I date to around 400 BC (rather than 22,000 years ago) with Rameses III Nectanebo. Jewish E-M123 originated about 2,300 years ago in Palestine during Second Temple Times from the Samaritan illegitimate son of Alexander the Great who was the son of Pharoah Rameses III Nectanebo (see Velikovsky). Its main subclade E-M34 emerged in the Palestine about 2,100 years ago. Soon afterwards, M34 split into two originally Jewish branches, M84 and Z841 during the diaspora (or just before) and moved into North Africa and Iberia.  L791 and Z21466 have a mostly European distribution today and their ages point toward a diaspora diffusion after 70 AD. The PF6759 subclade seems to have reached Sardinia after the Roman diaspora of 70 AD. The descendants of L791, Y2947 and Y4971, only appeared after the Bar Kokhva rebellion and diaspora of 135 AD. 

The K257 and Y4970 branch emerged around 300 AD and is found in Iran, Armenia, Turkey, Russia, Greece, Italy and France, as well as other places. It spread to Greece and Italy alongside Jewish groups belonging to J2a1 and T1a-P77 haplogroups. Y6923 also emerged around 600 AD, but became almost extinct due to the persecutions of the Jews. Most modern bearers of this y-dna haplogroup descend from a common ancestor who lived 1ess than 800 years ago, and all are Ashkenazi Jews. The descendants of M123 are of Jewish and Samaritan origins some branches remaining Jewish while others converted and assimilated out of the Jewish communities.

Saturday, November 4, 2017

Sub-Saharan African at-dna in Jews, Anglo-Israel and the Cohenim

I was listening to a speaker who was quoting a genetic study from 2011 by Moorjani et al, that tested eight diverse Jewish population that found that they all have ancient sub-saharan ancestry of between 3-5 %. This speaker then assumed that all Israelites should have this percentage of sub-saharan ancestry in the at-dna. However it can be seen that Judah himself married a Canaanite woman. The Canaanites were of African ancestry descended from Ham. So it is the Tribe of Judah that has Canaanite African ancestry. 

The Jewish people descend on their direct male and female line from diverse haplogroups but no doubt most of them are descended from Judah and the core Judean population through some of their at-dna. However we would not expect to find this same sub-saharan percentage in those of the northern Tribes of Israel. However some sub-saharan dna ancestry has been found in the Gaelic populations. This is because the Gaels are of the Davidic House of Nathan from the Tribe of Judah (R1b L21). 

The speaker of the talks did admit that the Gaels may have some validity to Jewish ancestry due to dna tests demonstrating some sub-saharan dna and middle eastern origins. However he dismissed the Israelite ancestry of the Anglo-Saxons because they didn't demonstrate this sub-saharan ancestry. However the Anglo-Saxons do not descend from the southern House of Judah but from the northern tribes of Israel especially from Isaachar (R1b DF19 and DF100) who were the Saxons and Seubi and Zebulon (R1b U106 and L238) of which the Angles descended. Many of the Normans that came to Britain were of R1b U152 Reubenite ancestry whereas the Norman Ducal line was R1b L21. However the majority of the English people do not descend on their direct male line from the Anglo-Saxons but from Gaelic/Cymric R1b L21.

The bulk of the J1, J2 and E1b y-dna found among the Jewish people comes from the Samaritan converts to Judaism in Second Temple times and just after. It is from the Samaritan-Ishmael Cohenim that many Jewish Cohenim descend as well as the priestly Tribe of the Lemba. The direct line from Aaron belongs to R1b L584. J1 among Jews represents mainly the Shammai Pharisees descended from the Samaritan High Priest Manasseh and J2 the Saducee Jews descended form the Samaritan priest Zadok. The Shekhemite Pharisee Levites (E1b) were descended from the Samaritan Levite clan. Thus the Jews of Second Temple Times that went into the diaspora belonged to predominately J1 (Shammai Pharisees), J2 (Saducees), E1b (Shekhemite Pharisees), R1b (Hillel Pharisees), G (Hellenist Jews of North Africa and Syria) and Q (Benjaminite) y-dna. The Khazar input to Jews is from R1a, G, and Q y-dna.

Friday, November 3, 2017

Thursday, October 19, 2017

The Mystery of the Nethinim: Milesian Ancestors

It would seem that the Neleus (Nilius/ Nimlot/ Eliezer) who founded the city of Miletus around 600 BC was from Mu (Kingdom of Kedar in Australia). His ancestors had fought in the Trojan War around 690 BC on the side of Troy. He is called a son of Kodros who is said to be the last king of Athens. In reality Kodros refers to Kedar in the southern continent from where he came to Egypt and then Greece. His father was King or Prince Jorim of Kedar. The original concept of the militia comes from these Nathanite Princes from Australia. The original "militia" was made up of eleven (hoi hendeka) Davidic Nathanite Princes or Captains and their armed men or servants were known as the Nethinim (hyperetai). A group of these "Milesians" went to Athens and established this militia structure there. In the Book of Nehemiah in the Bible it mentions a Nethinim called Labanah.

It is on the ships of the Milesians that many of the R1b Israelites would move from Mu to Libya and Western Egypt. His descendant was the Milesian Chief Prince of Mu in Egypt called Elmadmam or Shoshenk (Shashank). Shashank is a Sanskrit word meaning "moon" and both Mu and Libu mean 'moon'. His son Osorkon (Socho) was also called Cosam who was the father of Nathaniah (Elnathan/ Nathaniel) and Takelot I Addi.

Nathaniah with his armed servants the Nethinim (Nathanim) settled in Jerusalem in the reign of King Josiah and they re-embraced Judaism. His daughter Nehushta married Josiah's son King Jehoiakim and she was the Queen-Mother of Judah when her son Jeconiah briefly ascended the throne. Queen Nehushta was taken by Nebuchanezzar to Babylon with her son. However she seems to have escaped or left Babylon and gone to Egypt and married her cousin Osorkon II Chief Prince of Mu (Milesians/ Prince of Thebes) in Egypt. This second Osorkon was also called Melchi or Milad. King Jeconiah after 37 years in a Babylonian prison was released and set on his own throne as a King or Exilarch over the Jews of the East.

At this time King Zedekiah's daughter Asenath ha Yafa (called Isnetnofret) who was about 20 years of age married King Jeconiah. However the marriage was childless and she then according to the laws of yibum married his half-brother Nilius (Neri/ Niall/ Nimlot) the son of Osorkon II Melchi (Milad) and Queen Nehushta (Djedmutsenakh). Her yibum son was called Shealtiel who then became the second Exilarch of Babylon. Queen Nehushta's symbol was the Nehushtan (Bronze Serpent emblem) which became the emblem of her descendants among the Milesians. Queen Nehushta was also the mother of Seti II (Psamtik II) the Pharaoh of Egypt and of Takelot II Chief Prince (Nasu/ Nasi) of the Mu in Egypt.

It would seem that a branch of the Davidic House of Nathan (R1b L21) was part of the Northern Israelite kingdom who went into the southern colonies in Australia to Kedar (which was ruled by a Nathanite Prince) in the 7th century BC. A large group of them later returned to the West and settled in Libya and Anatolia before moving to Spain and then the British Isles. They were known as the Hiberu and Gadoli as well as the Milesians.

Some of K* ydna is from Abraham and Keturah's son Midian found among the Kenites who joined the Israelites and dwelt with Judah in the South (Negeb). They were metal workers or miners. Some of them remained among the Jews and are the K* found among the Sephardi Jews. They had their own priestly class which later was included with the Levites. Another group of K* went to Australia to mine the gold, silver and other precious metals and gems in the time of Solomon. They were known as the "servants of Solomon" and the Nathinim (Nethinim / Goldsmiths) as they remained in Western Australia with Prince Nathan and served the yibum Davidic House of Nathan as gold miners and smiths. A group of these Kenite Nethinim (with their Davidic Nathanite Lords of R1b L21 y-dna) returned to Jerusalem and they later became special servants in the Second Temple under Ezra and Nehemiah. They were also part of the Temple police force lead by their Nathanite Lords who due to the Resurrection and Pentecost became Christians (Notzrim/ Nazarenes) and took the gospel back into the lands of the three Indias (India, Indonesia and Australia). These Christian Nethinim gave up their arms to become unarmed servants and bodyguards to some of the early Christian apostles.

Some of K* also left the southern continent with the Khazars of Manesseh and entered the Ashkenazi Jewish population with the R1a Manessehite and Q Benjaminite Khazars. It would seem that the Benjaminite Kingdom was in the lands on the north east of Australia that sunk into the sea forcing many of the Benjaminites (Q ydna) to go to the Americas. These K* Kenites intermarried with the black descendants of Joktan and this is one of the most common male haplogroups among Australian aborigines. Hopefully further development in dna research will enable us to distinguish the different origins of these groups more clearly.

A 100 year old piece of hair from a "full blood" Aboriginal from the South-West of Western Australia was tested for both Y-dna and Mt -dna. His male ydna shows that he is K* ydna and thus a Kenite. His maternal mt-dna is of O mt-dna which is a branch of R0 (from which also H and V mt-dna descend). O mt-ydna branched off from R after 800 BC and represents the continuing Australian lineage of the High Queens of Rhoda (Mu) and Queens of Mani Mu (the people of Manesseh). Alice the Aboriginal Queen of the Mannum may have been the last known leader of the remnant of Manesseh (Mani Mu). She was probably a Queen of the Amangu.